Cafestol
Identifiers
CAS number
PubChem
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C20H28O3
Molar mass 316.43 g mol−1
Melting point 158 to 162 °C (316 to 324 °F; 431 to 435 K)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)

Cafestol is a diterpene molecule present in coffee.

A typical bean of Coffea arabica contains about 0.4-0.7% cafestol by weight.[1] Cafestol is present in highest quantity in unfiltered coffee drinks such as French press coffee or Turkish coffee/Greek coffee. In filtered coffee drinks such as drip brewed coffee, it is present in only negligible amounts.

Studies have shown that regular consumption of boiled coffee increases serum cholesterol by 8% in men and 10% in women. For those drinking filter coffee, the effect was only significant for women.[2]

Potential biological activity

Cafestol has also shown anticarcinogenic properties in rats.[2] Cafestol may act as an agonist ligand for the nuclear receptor farnesoid X receptor and pregnane X receptor, blocking cholesterol homeostasis.[3] Cafestol also has neuroprotective effects in a Drosophila fruit fly model of Parkinson's disease.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Kitzberger C, Scholz M, Benassi M. Bioactive compounds content in roasted coffee from traditional and modern Coffea arabica cultivars grown under the same edapho-climatic conditions. Food Research International [serial online]. July 2014;61:61-66. Available from: Academic Search Premier, Ipswich, MA. Accessed June 7, 2014.
  2. ^ a b National Toxicology Program (NTP): (PDF)Cafestol (CASRN 469-83-0) and Kahweol (CASRN 6894-43-5) - Review of Toxicological Literature. October 1999
  3. ^ Ricketts ML, Boekschoten MV, Kreeft AJ, Hooiveld GJ, Moen CJ, Müller M, Frants RR, Kasanmoentalib S, Post SM, Princen HM, Porter JG, Katan MB, Hofker MH, Moore DD (July 2007). "The cholesterol-raising factor from coffee beans, cafestol, as an agonist ligand for the farnesoid and pregnane X receptors". Mol. Endocrinol. 21 (7): 1603–16.  
  4. ^ Trinh K, Andrews L, Krause J, Hanak T, Lee D, Gelb M, Pallanck L (April 2010). "Decaffeinated coffee and nicotine-free tobacco provide neuroprotection in Drosophila models of Parkinson's disease through an NRF2-dependent mechanism". J. Neurosci. 30 (16): 5525–32.