Bono in 2014
|Birth name||Paul David Hewson|
|Also known as||Bono, Bono Vox|
10 May 1960 |
|Origin||Finglas, County Dublin, Ireland|
|Genres||Rock, post-punk, alternative rock|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, singer-songwriter, venture capitalist, businessman|
|Instruments||Vocals, guitar, harmonica, keyboards|
|Associated acts||U2, Passengers|
Paul David Hewson (born 10 May 1960), known by his stage name Bono (), is an Irish singer-songwriter, musician, venture capitalist, businessman, and philanthropist. He is best recognized as the frontman of the Dublin-based rock band U2. Bono was born and raised in Dublin, Ireland, and attended Mount Temple Comprehensive School where he met his future wife, Alison Stewart, and the future members of U2. Bono writes almost all U2 lyrics, frequently using religious, social, and political themes. During U2's early years, Bono's lyrics contributed to their rebellious and spiritual tone. As the band matured, his lyrics became inspired more by personal experiences shared with the other members.
Outside the band, he has collaborated and recorded with numerous artists, is managing director and a managing partner of Amnesty International in 1979. "I saw 'The Secret Policeman's Ball' and it became a part of me. It sowed a seed...". In 2001, Bono arranged for U2 to videotape a special live performance for that year's Amnesty benefit show.
In 1984, Bono sang on the Band Aid single "
- U2.com – Official U2 website
- ONE Campaign – Advocacy and campaigning organization cofounded by Bono
- EDUN – Fashion label started by Bono and his wife Ali
- Bono at AllMovie
- Bono at TED
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Bono at the Internet Movie Database
- Bono collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Works by or about Bono in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Assayas, Michka; Bono (2005). Bono in Conversation with Michka Assayas. New York City:
- Matthews, Sheelagh (2008). Bono. Remarkable People. New York City:
- Stockman, Steve (2001). Walk On: The Spiritual Journey of U2.
- Vagacs, Robert (2005). Religious Nuts, Political Fanatics: U2 in Theological Perspective. Cascade Books.
- "It's where I shaped my future, says Bono".
- "Bono: A Global Rock Star and Activist.". Oprah.com. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- "U2 Biography—Bono". Macphisto.net. 2006. Retrieved 3 May 2007.
- Assayas, Michka (2005). Bono on Bono: Conversations with Michka Assayas. London: Hodder & Stoughton.
- "Adam Clayton biography – U2 bassist". atU2.com. Retrieved 19 November 2010.; Moss, Vincent (24 December 2006). "The Unforgettable Sire".
- "Bono: Biography from @U2". atU2.com. Retrieved 19 November 2010.
- Stockman (2005)
- Simon, S. (Host). (13 November 1993). Weekend Edition Saturday. Washington, DC: National Public Radio.
- "News". Lost Highway Records. 10 October 2005. Archived from the original on 24 October 2005. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
- Bono (10 August 1984). BONO, BOB AND VAN. Hot Press.
- Elevation Partners. (2007). Introduction to Elevation Partners. Retrieved 4 July 2007.
- The Clarence Hotel. (Unknown last update). At the Clarence. Retrieved 4 July 2007.
- Bono. (February 2006). Remarks at the National Prayer Breakfast. Speech presented at Hilton Washington Hotel at Washington, D.C.
- Booth, C. (23 June 1986). Conspiracy of Hope Tour. Time, 127.
- Wolinsky, D. (31 May 2005). DMB, U2 Lead Live 7 Shows. Rolling Stones. Retrieved 25 July 2007, from Rolling Stone.
- Mellgren, D. (24 February 2006). Bono Among Nobel Peace Prize Nominees. Associated Press. Retrieved 14 January 2007, from Bono Among Nobel Peace Prize Nominees.
- "Grammy Winners List: Artist – U2".
- Browning, Lynnley (4 February 2007). "The Netherlands, the New Tax Shelter Hot Spot". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 March 2007.
- "Honorary knighthood for U2's Bono". BBC News. (23 December 2006). Retrieved 14 January 2007
- Gibbs, N. (26 December 2005). The Good Samaritans. Time, 166.
- Wall, Mick (2006). Bono: In the Name of Love. Andre Deutsch Ltd. p. 17.
- Dunphy, Eamon (1987). Unforgettable Fire: The Definitive Biography of U2. New York: Warner Books.
- Matthews (2008), p. 8.
- McCormick, Neil (1 January 1997). "Growing Up With U2".
- Schruers, Fred (May 1983). "U2: Small Victories in a Rock and Roll Struggle of Sound and Emotion Report".
- Edge, Adam Clayton, Larry Mullen Jr. U2 by U2. HarperCollins.
- Biography for Bono at the Internet Movie Database
- Ellis-Petersen, Hannah (17 October 2014). "Bono: I've had glaucoma for past 20 years". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
- Isaacson, Walter (2011). Steve Jobs. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster. p. 180.
- "100 great British heroes".
- "Penn News | Recording Artist/Activist Bono to Deliver Commencement Address at University of Pennsylvania". Upenn.edu. 15 March 2004. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
- "Bono's back surgery puts U2 dates in jeopardy". The BBC. 21 May 2010. Retrieved 21 May 2010.
- "Bono Discharged From Hospital". U2.com. 25 May 2010.
- "North American Leg Postponed". U2.com. 25 May 2010.
- "North American Dates Will Be Rescheduled in 2011". U2.com. 25 May 2010.
- "17 Irish artists to be proud of". Irishpost.co.uk. 9 April 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
- Pomerantz, Dorothy (14 March 2013). "Down, But Hardly Out: Oprah Winfrey Tops Forbes 2013 List Of The Most Influential Celebrities".
- "Bono: Biography from @U2". Atu2.com. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- "U2's Bono Discusses His Faith and Insecurity Over New Album". Christian News, The Gospel Herald. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- "U2's Bono: Yes, Jesus is the Son of God". WND. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- Video on YouTube, Retrieved 18 April 2014.
- Michka Assayas, Bono in Conversation, (Riverhead Hardcover, 2005) page 205.
- "Bono: Grace over Karma". Crosswalk. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- Newman, Jason (19 November 2014). "Bono Treated With Metal Plates, 'Intensive Therapy' After Bike Injury".
- "Injured Bono keeps his head down as he's seen for the first time since emergency surgery after bike crash". evoke.ie. 24 December 2014.
- "Cycling Injuries mean Bono May Never Play Guitar Again". Cycling Weekly. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
- "Bono's guitar playing days may be over after cycling accident". evoke.ie. 2 January 2015.
- "Bono in San Antonio". U2 magazine (3). May 1982.
- "U2—Bono Takes Piano Lessons".
- Hamlyn, Michael (producer), and Joanou, Phil (director) (1988).
- O'Hanlon, Ned (producer), and Hamilton, Hamish (director) (2005).
- "Award Search – Bono".
- Boliek, Brooks (5 June 2007). "Appeals court throws out FCC indecency ruling".
- "PTC condemns NBC" (Press release).
- Ahrens, Frank (19 March 2004). "FCC Says Bono Profanity Violated Standards, but Won't Fine NBC". The Washington Post. pp. E1. Retrieved 16 July 2007.
- "Congressmen introduces bill to curb profanity in broadcasting".
- Clay Calvert (2004). "Bono, the Culture Wars, and a Profane Decision: The FCC's Reversal of Course on Indecency Determinations and Its New Path on Profanity". Seattle University Law Review 28 (1): 61–95.
- H.R. 3687 (108th) — GovTrack
- Bill Holland (10 January 2004). "Fox Runs Afoul Of FCC".
-  Archived 14 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "100 Greatest Singers of All Time – No. 32: Bono". Rolling Stone (1066). 27 November 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2010.
- McConnell, Daniel (6 August 2006). "U2 move their rock empire out of Ireland". The Irish Independent. Retrieved 25 February 2009.
- Fergal O'Brien (15 October 2006). "Bono, Preacher on Poverty, Tarnishes Halo With Irish Tax Move". Bloomberg. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
- Hyde, Marina (February 2007). "They live like aristocrats. Now they think like them".
- "U2 reject tax avoidance claims". Belfast Telegraph. 26 February 2009. Retrieved 26 February 2009.
- Horin, Adele (26 July 2008). "Tax tourists and the crown prince of thieves".
- U2. (1998). Slow Dancing. On If God Will Send His Angels [CD-Single]. New York: Island Records.
- Louie, R. (6 February 1996). Short Takes. Buffalo News. Retrieved 3 May 2007, from Opera man Luciano Pavarotti wants to be hip.
- Voyer, R. (1 October 2005).. Splendid. Retrieved 3 May 2007, from Splendid Magazine reviews Sinéad O'Connor splendidezine.com.
- Orbison, R. (1989). "She's a Mystery to Me". On Mystery Girl [CD]. London: Virgin Records.
- Various Artists. (1995). Goldeneye. On Goldeneye: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack [CD]. New York: Virgin Records.
- Miserere (CD).
- Kissel, Howard (6 August 1998). "'"Platinum Tenor Meet Opera Sensation Andrea Bocelli, Italy's 'Young Pavarotti.
- U2. (1988). When Love Comes to Town. On Rattle and Hum [CD]. New York: Island Records.
- U2 Wanderer. (Unknown last update). U2 Discography—Q's Jook Joint. Retrieved 4 July 2007.
- Kirk Franklin. (1998). Lean on me. On THE NU NATION PROJECT [CD-Album]. Inglewood: GospoCentric Records.
- Stanley, A. (19 May 2007). Bruce Springsteen: THE RISING TOUR 2003-2003 FINAL TOUR STATISTICS. Retrieved 4 July 2007.
- TonyBennett.net. (Unknown last update). Tony Bennett, Columbia Records. Retrieved 4 July 2007.
- U2tour.de. (Unknown last update). In A Lifetime (Clannad & Bono). Retrieved 4 July 2007.
- Cashmere, P. (14 April 2004). The Corrs Record Another Bono Song. Undercover Media. Retrieved 4 July 2007, from undercover.com.au.
- U2Wanderer.org. (Unknown last update). U2 Discography—New Day Single. Retrieved 4 July 2007.
- "Kylie's Bono Moment – Kylie Minogue – News – MTV UK". MTV UK. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- Koda, Cub. – Carl PerkinsGo Cat Go at AllMusic. Retrieved 25 November 2011.
- Barile, L.A. (28 March 2003). PASSAGES: Jennifer Lopez's Latest Duet. People. Retrieved 4 July 2007.
- Robbie Robertson. (1987). Sweet Fire of Love. On Robbie Robertson [CD-Album]. Santa Monica: Geffen Records.
- "Michael Hutchence's Brother Praises Kylie And Bono". 15 August 2006. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
- "Rise Above 1 by Reeve Carney feat. Bono and the Edge – Rolling Stone Music – Album Reviews". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- Spider-Man' star Reeve Carney in new video with Bono, the Edge"'".
- Ronald Brownstein, , The NJ 20 29 April 2011.
- Michael Anft, Brennen Jensen, and Ian Wilhelm, "Voicing Support for Charity", The Chronicle of Philanthropy 3 August 2006.
- Dean Goodman, "Hollywood Hails U2's Bono for Philanthropy", Reuters New Media 15 February 2002 
- Tom Zeller, Jr. (13 November 2006). "Trying to Throw His Arms Around the World". The New York Times.
- """Nancy Gibbs, "The Good Samaritans. Time. 19 December 2005. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- Boyd, B. (20 October 2006). A secret history of the old Ball game. Irish Times. Retrieved 4 July 2007.
- Robert Palmer (21 April 1985). "Music becomes food for the hungry". The New York Times. p. 60.
- Flannery, M. (15 July 1985). Bob Geldof. Philadelphia Daily News, pp. L15.
- Denny, C., & Black, I. (15 March 2002). US and Europe boost aid to poorest countries. The Guardian. Retrieved 14 January 2007.
- Harris, K. (23 April 2005). Bono Upset at PM. Toronto Sun. Retrieved 14 January 2007.
- Langlois, F. (23 September 2004). John Ralston Saul awarded the Pablo Neruda International Presidential Medal of Honour. Governor General of Canada. Retrieved 14 January 2007
- "2004 TIME 100". Time Magazine. 26 April 2004.
- "2006 TIME 100". Time Magazine: 84. 2006.
-  Archived 10 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "TED Conference page". Ted.com. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- "TED Conference page". Archived from the original on 17 May 2008. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
- "Alicia Keys, Bono to raise funds with AIDS song". Associated Press. 2 December 2005.
- Gundersen, Edna (4 April 2005). "Bono recalls pontiff's affection for the poor—and cool sunglasses". USA Today. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- Masterson, John (6 March 2005). "Ali's other Eden".
- "Fashion with a Conscience".
- "About Edun".
- Theroux, Paul (15 December 2005). "The Rock Star's Burden".
- Ahmad, Muhammad Idrees (15 August 2005). "Live 8 – A movement robbed of its colours". Campaign for Press and Broadcasting Freedom. Retrieved 5 March 2009.
- [Unknown Author] (23 December 2006). Bono gets honorary knighthood. RTÉ News. Retrieved 14 January 2007, from RTE.
- [Unknown Author], (29 March 2007). Don't call him 'sir': U2's Bono knighted. Associated Press. Retrieved 29 March 2007.
-  Archived 29 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "Home—Liberty Medal—National Constitution Center". Constitutioncenter.org. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- "Bono Gets Medal for His Work in Africa". Huffingpost.com. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- "debt AIDS trade africa". ONE. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- "The Africa Issue: Politics & Power", Jay-Z, Alicia Keys, and Iman Abdulmajid.
- "Bloomberg Markets, "Bono Inc", March 2007" (PDF). Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- "Bono and Bob Geldof increase Africa's problems say charity". NME.COM. 23 November 2007. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- "Michka Assayas meets Bono".
-  Archived 1 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine
- "Brian Williams in Africa,". Msnbc.msn.com. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- "'"Nobel laureates crown U2's Bono 'man of peace. @U2: Independent Site for U2 Fans. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- Persuaders, LLC. (2007). What RED Is, How RED Works. Retrieved 4 July 2007.
- Persuaders, LLC. (2007). Products. Retrieved 4 July 2007.
Smykil, J. (4 November 2006). Update: The Other Red
meat"charity". Message posted to arstechnica.com; Macintouch Reader Reports. (7 November 2006). Fraud Reports: Jack Campbell. Retrieved 14 January 2007, from macintouch.com.
- Kit, B. (19 April 2007). Bono, Edge Penning Tunes For 'Spider-Man' Musical. Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 4 July 2007.
- MTV News staff. (17 May 2007). U2 frontman writes forward to poetry collection. MTV News. Retrieved 4 July 2007.
- Fahey, R. (22 April 2005). Elevation Partners withdraws its offer for Eidos. gi. Retrieved 4 July 2007.
- "Bono consortium buys a stake in Forbes – RTÉ Ten". Rte.ie. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- Carr, David (7 August 2006). "Investors, Including Bono, Buy a Piece of Forbes".
- Nussbaum, Bruce. (7 August 2006) Bono Buys Into Forbes, Launches Product Red in US and Expands His Brand.. BusinessWeek. Retrieved 13 February 2011.
- "$1 billion Facebook fortune for Bono". New Zealand Herald. 4 February 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
In addition to his acting credits Bono has contributed music to films, as part of U2 and other collaborations. In Across the Universe he sang The Beatles songs "I Am the Walrus" and "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds".
|1988||Rattle and Hum||Himself||Rockumentary|
|1998||The Simpsons||Himself||TV series; one episode, "Trash of the Titans"|
|1999||Classic Albums||Himself||TV series; one episode, "The Joshua Tree"|
|2000||The Million Dollar Hotel||Man in the hotel lobby||Uncredited cameo appearance, original storywriter, producer|
|Sightings of Bono||Himself||Short film|
|2005||Entourage||Himself||TV series; one episode, "I Love You Too"|
|Across The Universe||Dr. Robert|
|American Idol||Himself||TV series; "Idol Gives Back"|
|2008||U2 3D||Himself||3D concert film|
|2009||Entourage||Himself||TV series; one episode, "Give a Little Bit"|
|Brüno||Himself||Mockumentary comedy film|
|2011||From the Sky Down||Himself||Rockumentary|
|Anton Corbijn Inside Out||Himself|
|2012||B.B. King – The Life of Riley||Himself||Documentary|
|The Resurrection of Victor Jara||Himself|
Bono is on the board of the Elevation Partners private-equity firm, which attempted to purchase Eidos Interactive in 2005 and has since gone on to invest in other entertainment businesses. Bono has invested in the Forbes Media group in the US through Elevation Partners. Elevation Partners became the first outsider to invest in the company, taking a minority stake in Forbes Media LLC, a new company encompassing the 89-year-old business which includes Forbes magazine, the Forbes.com website and other assets. The terms of the deal were not disclosed, but reports said the stake was worth about €194 million ($250m). The firm also owns a 1.5% stake in social networking site Facebook, originally purchased for $210m. Bono's stake was valued at approximately US$ 1 billion in February 2012.
In May 2007, MTV reported that Bono was writing the foreword for a collection of poetry entitled "Third Rail". The book's foreword details the meanings of its poetry, stating "The poets who fill the pews here have come to testify, to bear witness to the mysterious power of rock and roll...Rock and roll is truly a broad church, but each lights a candle to their vision of what it is.". The collection, edited by poet Jonathan Wells, contains titles such as "Punk rock You're My Big Crybaby", "Variation on a Theme by Whitesnake" and "Vince Neil Meets Josh in a Chinese Restaurant in Malibu (After Ezra Pound).".
In 1992, Bono, along with the Edge, bought and refurbished Dublin's two-star 70-bedroom Clarence Hotel, and converted it into a five-star 49-bedroom hotel. The Edge and Bono have recorded several songs together, exclusive of the band. They also worked on the score for the 2011 rock musical Spider-Man: Turn Off the Dark.
 Each company creates a product with the Product Red logo and a percentage of the profits from the sale of these labelled products will go to the Global Fund.
In November 2007, Bono was honoured by NBC Nightly News as someone "making a difference" in the world. He and anchor Brian Williams had travelled to Africa in May 2007 to showcase the humanitarian crisis on the continent. On 11 December 2008, Bono was given the annual Man of Peace prize, awarded by several Nobel Peace Prize laureates in Paris, France.
 on 19 February 2006, calling them "cranks carping from the sidelines. A lot of them wouldn't know what to do if they were on the field. They're the party who will always be in opposition so they'll never have to take responsibility for decisions because they know they'll never be able to implement them.".Times Online Bono responded to his critics in  Further criticism came in November 2007, when Bono's various charity campaigns were targeted by Jobs Selasie, head of
In an article in Bloomberg Markets in March 2007, journalists Richard Tomlinson and Fergal O'Brien noted that Bono used his band's 2006 Vertigo world tour to promote his ONE Campaign while at the same time "U2 was racking up $389 million in gross ticket receipts, making Vertigo the second-most lucrative tour of all time, according to Billboard magazine ... Revenue from the Vertigo tour is funnelled through companies that are mostly registered in Ireland and structured to minimise taxes.".
Bono was a special guest editor of the July 2007 issue of Vanity Fair magazine. The issue was named "The Africa Issue: Politics & Power" and featured an assortment of 20 different covers, with photographs by Annie Leibovitz of a number of prominent celebrities, political leaders, and philanthropists. Each one showcased in the issue for their contributions to the humanitarian relief in Africa.
The organisation DATA (Debt, AIDS, Trade, Africa) was established in 2002 by Bono and Bobby Shriver, along with activists from the Jubilee 2000 Drop the Debt Campaign. DATA aims to eradicate poverty and HIV/AIDS in Africa. DATA encourages Americans to contact senators and other legislators and elected officials to voice their opinions.
Bono also received the Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala accepted the award for the Washington-based Debt AIDS Trade Africa.
In 2007, Bono was named in the UK's New Years Honours List as an honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire. He was formally granted knighthood on 29 March 2007 in a ceremony at the residence of British Ambassador David Reddaway in Dublin, Ireland.
On 15 December 2005, narcissistic philanthropy".
Also in 2005, Bono, Ali Hewson and designer Rogan Gregory co-founded the EDUN fashion label ("nude" spelled backwards, to suggest both "natural" and the Garden of Eden). It was intended to help bring about positive change in Africa through a fair trade-based relationship rather than by direct aid.
In 2005 he recorded a version of "Don't Give Up" with Alicia Keys, with proceeds going to Keep a Child Alive. On 3 April 2005, Bono paid a personal tribute to John Paul II and called him "a street fighter and a wily campaigner on behalf of the world's poor. We would never have gotten the debts of 23 countries completely cancelled without him.". Bono spoke in advance of President Bush at the 54th Annual National Prayer Breakfast, held at the Hilton Washington Hotel on 2 February 2006. In a speech containing biblical references, Bono encouraged the care of the socially and economically depressed. His comments included a call for an extra one percent tithe of the United States' national budget. He brought his Christian views into harmony with other faiths by noting that Christian, Jewish, and Muslim writings all call for the care of the widow, orphan, and stranger. President Bush received praise from the singer-activist for the United States' increase in aid for the African continent. Bono continued by saying much work is left to be done to be a part of God's ongoing purposes.
In 2004, he was awarded the Pablo Neruda International Presidential Medal of Honour from the Government of Chile. Time Magazine named Bono one of the "100 Most Influential People" in its May 2004 special issue and again in the 2006 Time 100 special issue. In 2005, Time, named Bono, with Bill and Melinda Gates, a Person of the Year. Also in 2005, he received the Portuguese Order of Liberty for his humanitarian work. That year Bono was also among the first three recipients of the TED Prize, which grants each winner "A wish to change the world". Bono made three wishes, the first two related to the ONE campaign and the third that every hospital, health clinic and school in Ethiopia should be connected to the Internet. TED rejected the third wish as being a sub-optimal way for TED to help Africa and instead organised a TED conference in Arusha, Tanzania. Bono attended the conference, which was held in June 2007.
Since 1999, Bono has become increasingly involved in campaigning for third-world debt relief and raising awareness of the plight of Africa, including the AIDS pandemic. In the past decade Bono has met with several influential politicians, including former United States President Paul Martin. During a March 2002 visit to the White House, after President Bush unveiled a $5 billion aid package, he accompanied the President for a speech on the White House lawn where he stated, "This is an important first step, and a serious and impressive new level of commitment. (...) This must happen urgently, because this is a crisis.". In May of that year, Bono took US Treasury Secretary Paul H. O'Neill on a four-country tour of Africa. In contrast, in 2005, Bono spoke on CBC Radio, alleging then Prime Minister Martin was being slow about increasing Canada's foreign aid.
 magazine, Bono explained that he was motivated to become involved in social and political causes by seeing one of the Rolling Stone In a 1986 interview with
 Bono has become one of the world's best-known philanthropic performers and was named the most politically effective celebrity of all time by the
Bono and The Edge also wrote the music and lyrics for the Broadway musical Spider-Man: Turn Off the Dark. On 25 May 2011, a single titled "Rise Above 1" by Reeve Carney featuring Bono and The Edge was released digitally. The music video was released on 28 July 2011.
In addition to his work with U2, he has collaborated with Frank Sinatra, Johnny Cash, Willie Nelson, Luciano Pavarotti, Sinéad O'Connor, Green Day, Tom Petty, Roy Orbison, Bob Dylan, Patti Smith, Tina Turner, B.B. King and Zucchero. He has recorded with Ray Charles, Quincy Jones, Kirk Franklin, Bruce Springsteen, Tony Bennett, Clannad, The Corrs, Wyclef Jean, Kylie Minogue, Carl Perkins, Herbert Grönemeyer, Jay-Z and Rihanna, as well as reportedly completing an unreleased duet with Jennifer Lopez. On Robbie Robertson's 1987 eponymous album, he plays bass guitar and vocals. On Michael Hutchence's 1999 posthumous eponymous album, Bono completed a recording of "Slide Away" as a duet with Hutchence.
Bono and his bandmates were criticised in 2007 for moving part of their multimillion-euro song catalogue from Ireland to Amsterdam six months before Ireland ended a tax exemption on musicians' royalties. Under Dutch tax law, bands are subject to low to non-existent tax rates. U2's manager, Paul McGuinness, stated that the arrangement is legal and customary and businesses often seek to minimise their tax burdens. The move prompted criticisms in the Irish parliament. The band later responded by stating that approximately 95% of their business took place outside Ireland, and that they were taxed globally because of this. Bono was one of several wealthy figures whose tax arrangements were singled out for criticism in a report by the charity Christian Aid in 2008.
In 2005, the U2 band members were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, in their first year of eligibility. In November 2008, Rolling Stone ranked Bono the 32nd-greatest singer of all time.
Bono has won numerous awards with U2, including 22 Grammy awards and the 2003 Golden Globe award for best original song, "The Hands That Built America", for the film Gangs of New York. During the live broadcast of the Golden Globe ceremony, Bono called the award "really, really fucking brilliant!". In response, the Parents Television Council condemned Bono for his profanity and started a campaign for its members to file complaints with the FCC. Although Bono's use of "fuck" violated FCC indecency standards, the FCC refused to fine NBC because the network did not receive advance notice of the consequences of broadcasting such profanity and the profanity in question was not used in its literal sexual meaning. In apparent reaction to the refusal, a group of congressmen introduced House Resolution 3687, the "Clean Airwaves Act", in 8 December 2003, aiming to amend section 1464 of title 18 of the United States Code to provide an explicit list of profane words and phrases and remove ambiguity that could enable certain uses of the phrases to be allowed. The bill was not enacted. The incident has had a long-term impact in the handling of profanity on live broadcasts.
During performances he attempts to interact with the crowd as often as possible and is known for pulling audience members onto the stage or moving himself down to the physical level of the audience. This has happened on several occasions including at the Live Aid concert in 1985 where he leapt off the stage and pulled a woman from the crowd to dance with her as the band played "Bad", and in 2005 during U2's Vertigo Tour stop in Chicago, where he pulled a boy onto the stage during the song "An Cat Dubh / Into the Heart". Bono has often allowed fans to come on stage and perform songs with the band.
U2's sound and focus dramatically changed with their 1991 album, Achtung Baby. Bono's lyrics became more personal, inspired by experiences related to the private lives of the members of the band. During the band's Zoo TV Tour several of his stage personas were showcased; these included "The Fly", a stereotypical rock star, the "Mirror Ball Man", a parody of American televangelists, and "Mr. MacPhisto", a combination of a corrupted rock star and the Devil.
Bono writes the lyrics for almost all U2 songs, which are often rich in social and political themes. His lyrics frequently allude to a religious connection or meaning, evident in songs such as "Gloria" from the band's album October and "I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For" from The Joshua Tree. During the band's early years, Bono was known for his rebellious tone which turned to political anger and rage during the band's War, The Joshua Tree and Rattle and Hum eras. Following the Enniskillen bombing that left 11 dead and 63 injured on 8 November 1987, the Provisional IRA paramilitaries threatened to kidnap Bono. IRA supporters also attacked a vehicle carrying the band members. These acts were in response to his speech condemning the Enniskillen bombing during a live performance of "Sunday Bloody Sunday". The singer had been advised to cut his on-stage outburst from the Rattle and Hum film, but it was left in. Also featured in the film is footage of Bono spray-painting a monument during an outdoor performance; Bono was forced to pay a fine.
The band went by the name "Feedback" for a few months, before changing to "The Hype" later on. After Dik Evans left the group to join another local band, the Virgin Prunes, the remaining four officially changed the name from "The Hype" to "U2". Initially Bono sang, played guitar and wrote the band's songs. He said of his early guitar playing in a 1982 interview, "When we started out I was the guitar player, along with the Edge—except I couldn't play guitar. I still can't. I was such a lousy guitar player that one day they broke it to me that maybe I should sing instead. I had tried before, but I had no voice at all. I remember the day I found I could sing. I said, 'Oh, that's how you do it.'". When The Edge's guitar playing improved, Bono was relegated mostly to the microphone, although he occasionally still plays rhythm guitar and harmonica. As of 2006, Bono has taken piano lessons from his children's piano teacher as a means to improve his songwriting.
On 25 September 1976, Bono, David Evans ("The Edge"), his brother Dik and Adam Clayton responded to an advertisement on a bulletin board at Mount Temple posted by fellow student Larry Mullen Jr. to form a rock band. The band had occasional jam sessions in which they did covers of other bands. Tired of long guitar solos and hard rock, Bono wanted to play Rolling Stones and Beach Boys songs. Unfortunately the band could not play covers very well, so they started writing their own songs.
On 16 November 2014, Bono was involved in a "high energy bicycle accident" when he attempted to avoid another rider. Bono was rushed to NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center's Emergency Department and underwent "multiple X-rays and CAT scans" followed by five hours of surgery. Bono suffered fractures of the shoulder blade, humerus, orbit and pinky finger. Orthopedic trauma surgeon Dean Lorich, MD, stated that "[Bono] was taken emergently to the operating room...where the elbow was washed out and debrided, a nerve trapped in the break was moved and the bone was repaired with three metal plates and 18 screws." Bono posted to U2's official website, "As I write this, it is not clear that I will ever play guitar again," as reported in Cycling Weekly.
". Lewis trilemma identified as the " As early as 2005, Bono was invoking this argument, he states that Christ was either who he said he was, or he is "a complete and utter nut case". With regard to Bono's 2013 declarations in interviews published and videotaped of his faith in Jesus Christ, began in earnest when, inspired by  Bono's work as an activist, which is due largely to his Christian beliefs,
Bono was named one of the 17 Irish artists to be proud of by the Irish Post on 9 April 2013. Time magazine ranked him at the 8th place on its list of the "Most Influential Celebrities" in 2013; he was the only person from the music industry in the Top 10.
In May 2010, Bono suffered a spinal injury while preparing for a U2 tour, and was taken to a German clinic in Munich for emergency neurosurgery. The North American leg of the tour was postponed and rescheduled for 2011.
In the late 1980s or early '90s, Bono bought a top-floor duplex apartment in Manhattan's San Remo apartment building from Steve Jobs for $15 million. Jobs had renovated it for his own use, but never moved in. In 2002, he was listed as one of the 100 Greatest Britons in a poll conducted among the general public, despite the fact he is Irish. In 2004, Bono was given an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from the University of Pennsylvania.
[I have] very sensitive eyes to light. If somebody takes my photograph, I will see the flash for the rest of the day. My right eye swells up. I've a blockage there, so that my eyes go red a lot. So it's part vanity, it's part privacy and part sensitivity.
Bono is married to Alison Hewson (née Stewart). The couple have four children: daughters Jordan (born 10 May 1989) and Memphis Eve (7 July 1991) and sons Elijah Bob Patricius Guggi Q (17 August 1999) and John Abraham (20 May 2001).
After he left school, his father Bob Hewson, told him he could live at home for one year but if he was not able to pay his own way, he would have to leave the house.
Bono attended Mount Temple Comprehensive School, a multi-denominational school in Clontarf. During his childhood and adolescence, Bono and his friends were part of a surrealist street gang called "Lypton Village". Bono met one of his closest friends, Guggi, in Lypton Village. The gang had a ritual of nickname-giving. Bono had several names: first, he was "Steinhegvanhuysenolegbangbangbang", then just "Huyseman", followed by "Houseman", "Bon Murray", "Bono Vox of O'Connell Street", and finally just "Bono". "Bono Vox" is an alteration of Bonavox, a Latin phrase which translates to "good voice". It is said he was nicknamed "Bono Vox" by his friend Gavin Friday. He initially disliked the name; however, when he learned it translated to "good voice", he accepted it. Hewson has been known as "Bono" since the late 1970s. Although he uses Bono as his stage name, close family and friends also refer to him as Bono, including fellow band members.
He went to the local primary Glasnevin National School. Bono's mother died on 10 September 1974, after suffering a cerebral aneurysm at her father's funeral. Many U2 songs, including "I Will Follow", "Mofo", "Out of Control", "Lemon" and "Tomorrow" focus on the loss of his mother.
Bono was born in the 
- Early life 1
- Personal life 2
Musical career 3
- U2 3.1
- Collaborations 3.2
- Philanthropic work 4
- Other endeavours 5
- Filmography 6
- See also 7
- References 8
- External links 9
Bono was granted an honorary knighthood by Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom for "his services to the music industry and for his humanitarian work", and, with Bill and Melinda Gates, was named Time Person of the Year in 2005, among other awards and nominations. On 17 July 2013, the BBC announced that Bono had been made a Commandeur of the French Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (Order of Arts and Letters).
 Bono has been praised and criticised for his activism and involvement with U2.