Billy Preston

Billy Preston

Billy Preston
Preston visiting the White House in 1974
Background information
Birth name William Everett Preston
Born (1946-09-02)September 2, 1946[1]
Houston, Texas, U.S.
Died June 6, 2006(2006-06-06) (aged 59)
Scottsdale, Arizona, U.S.
Genres R&B, rock, soul, funk, gospel
Occupation(s) Musician, songwriter, producer
Instruments Vocals, keyboards
Years active 1956–2005
Labels Derby, Vee-Jay, Capitol, Apple, Buddah, A&M, Motown
Associated acts Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band, Eric Clapton
Website .netbillypreston
Notable instruments

William Everett "Billy" Preston (September 2, 1946 – June 6, 2006)[1] was an American musician whose work included Little Richard, Sam Cooke, Ray Charles and the Beatles. He then went on to achieve fame as a solo artist, with hit pop singles including "That's the Way God Planned It", "Outa-Space", "Will It Go Round in Circles", "Space Race", and "Nothing from Nothing". In addition, Preston co-wrote "You Are So Beautiful", which became a number 5 hit for Joe Cocker, and Stephen Stills asked Preston if he could use his phrase "if you can't be with the one you love, love the one you're with" and created the hit song.[2]

Preston was the only other musician to be credited on a Beatles recording: the group's number-one hit "Eric Clapton, and he played keyboards for the Rolling Stones on many of the group's albums and tours during the 1970s.

Contents

  • Early life and career 1
  • Relationship with the Beatles 2
  • Post-Beatles solo career 3
  • Legal troubles 4
  • Later work 5
  • Personal life 6
  • Death 7
  • Discography 8
    • Studio albums 8.1
    • Studio EP 8.2
    • Live album 8.3
    • Gospel albums 8.4
    • Charted albums 8.5
    • Singles 8.6
    • As a guest/session performer 8.7
  • References 9
  • External links 10

Early life and career

Preston was born on September 2, 1946, in Mahalia Jackson, James Cleveland and Andraé Crouch. At age eleven, Preston appeared on Nat King Cole's national TV show singing the Fats Domino hit, "Blueberry Hill" with Cole.[3] Also at eleven, he appeared in the W.C. Handy biopic starring Nat King Cole: St. Louis Blues (1958), playing W.C. Handy at a younger age.

In 1962, Preston joined Shindig! In 1967, he joined Ray Charles' band. Following this exposure, several musicians began asking Preston to contribute to their sessions.

Relationship with the Beatles

Preston first met Washington Post explained their subsequent meeting:

Preston is one of several people referred to by commentators as the "Fifth Beatle". At one point during the "Get Back" sessions, John Lennon proposed the idea of having him join the band (to which Paul McCartney countered that it was difficult enough reaching agreements with four).[6] Preston played with the Beatles for several of the Get Back sessions, some of the material from which would later be culled to make the film Let it Be and its companion album. Preston also accompanied the band for its rooftop concert; the group's final public appearance.[5] In April 1969, their single "Get Back" was credited to "The Beatles with Billy Preston", the only time such a joint credit had been given on an official Beatles-sanctioned release (as distinct from an unsanctioned reissue of some Hamburg-era recordings on which they were the backing group for Tony Sheridan). The credit was bestowed by the Beatles to reflect the extent of Preston's presence on the track; his electric piano is prominent throughout and he plays an extended solo. Preston also worked, in a more limited role, on the Abbey Road album, contributing to the tracks "I Want You (She's So Heavy)" and "Something."

In 1978, he appeared as Sgt. Pepper in Robert Stigwood's film Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, which was very loosely based on the Beatles' album of the same name, and sang "Get Back" as the penultimate song.

Post-Beatles solo career

Preston singing at the piano in 1971

Signed to the Beatles' Royal Albert Hall. Preston also worked on solo releases by Lennon and Ringo Starr.

In 1971, Preston left Apple and signed with Herb Alpert's A&M Records. The previous year, he contributed to another hit single when Stephen Stills asked to use Preston's phrase "if you can't be with the one you love, love the one you're with", a song on Stills' self-titled debut solo album.

Following the release of I Wrote a Simple Song on A&M, Preston's solo career peaked at this time, beginning with 1972's "Outa-Space", an instrumental track that further popularized the sound of the clavinet in funk music. The song reached number 2 on the US Billboard Hot 100 and topped Billboard‍ '​s R&B chart, before going on to win the Grammy Award for Best Pop Instrumental Performance. "Outa-Space" sold over 1 million copies in America, and was awarded a gold disc by the RIAA in June 1972.[7]

Over the next two years, Preston followed up with the US chart-topping singles "Will It Go Round in Circles" and "Nothing From Nothing", and the number 4 hit "Space Race". Each of the three singles sold in excess of 1 million copies.[7] American Bandstand host and executive producer Dick Clark enjoyed "Space Race" so much that he used the instrumental for the mid-show break for virtually the remainder of its run.

Preston supporting The Rolling Stones on their Tour of the Americas, July 23, 1975

From 1970, Preston played keyboards (including piano, organ, clavinet and various synthesizers) for the Rolling Stones, sometimes alongside pianists Nicky Hopkins and Ian Stewart, on their albums Sticky Fingers, Exile on Main Street, Goats Head Soup, It's Only Rock'n Roll and Black and Blue. As the band's primary touring keyboardist from 1973 to 1977, he also performed as a support act with his own band (including Mick Taylor on guitar) on their 1973 European Tour. A Munich performance was documented in the live album Live European Tour 1973. In 1974, along with Beach Boy Dennis Wilson, he composed one of Joe Cocker's biggest hits, "You Are So Beautiful". On October 11, 1975, he was the first musical guest on Saturday Night Live‍ '​s series premiere episode (along with Janis Ian). Preston's 1973 song "Do You Love Me" was the basis for the Rolling Stones' track "Melody", released on Black and Blue in 1976. Although two of his songs ("Nothing from Nothing" and "Outa-Space") were included in the band's 1976 live sets, the Stones and Preston parted company in 1977, mainly due to a disagreement over money. He continued to play on solo records by Stones members and made appearances on the band's 1981 Tattoo You and 1997 Bridges to Babylon albums.

Preston's solo career began to decline after 1976. After five years with A&M, he signed with Motown Records. In 1980, he duetted with Syreeta Wright on the ballad "With You I'm Born Again", which reached number 4 on the charts in the US. Failing thereafter to match its success, Preston left Motown in 1984 and focused on session work. He served as musical director for Nightlife, a late-night talk show hosted by David Brenner that lasted one season from 1986 – 1987.[8]

Legal troubles

In 1991, Preston was arrested and convicted for insurance fraud after setting fire to his own house in Los Angeles,[9] and he was treated for alcohol and cocaine addictions. He also was arrested in 1991 for sexually assaulting a 16-year-old Mexican boy, after picking him up at a gathering point for day laborers.[10] After submitting to a drug test, he tested positive for cocaine. That year, he entered no-contest pleas to the cocaine and sexual assault charges. He was sentenced to nine months at a drug rehabilitation center and three months of house arrest.

Preston overcame his problems in the early 1990s, toured with Eric Clapton, recorded with Gary Walker, one of the vocalists in his Los Angeles-based band, and worked with a wide range of other artists. He also toured with Ringo Starr and appeared on the 1990 live album Ringo Starr and His All-Starr Band. He was invited to become a member of The Band in 1991, after the death of piano player Stan Szelest. He performed on tour with the group, but the sentencing from his cocaine and sexual assault charges ended the collaboration.

Later work

In 1997, Billy Preston recorded the album You and I, in Italy, with Italian band Novecento. The album was produced by Vaughn De Spenza and Novecento members Lino and Pino Nicolosi.[11]

In 1998, Preston played organ during the choir numbers on the UPN comedy show Good News. The same year he sang and played synthesizer in the film Blues Brothers 2000, as part of the super group, The Louisiana Gator Boys.

While touring and fighting his own health problems, Preston received the news that on November 29, 2001, Ringo Starr called him one of the greatest Hammond players of all time (in the theatrical version of the concert).

In 2002, Preston appeared on the Johnny Cash album American IV: The Man Comes Around, playing piano on "Personal Jesus" and "Tear-Stained Letter".

In 2004, Preston toured with the Funk Brothers and Steve Winwood in Europe, and then with his friend Eric Clapton in Europe and North America. After he finished touring with Clapton, Preston went to France, where he was featured in one episode of the Legends Rock TV Show.[12] His performance included a duet with Sam Moore singing "You Are So Beautiful"; this was Preston's last filmed concert.

In 2004, Preston performed as a Genius Loves Company, an album of duets, on the song "Here We Go Again" with Charles and Norah Jones.

In March 2005, Preston appeared on the American Idol fourth season finale. Playing piano, he performed "With You I'm Born Again" with Vonzell Solomon (who finished the contest in third place). The same year, he recorded "Go Where No One's Gone Before", the main title song for the anime series L/R: Licensed by Royalty.

Preston played clavinet on the song "Warlocks" for the Red Hot Chili Peppers album Stadium Arcadium (2006). Although very ill by this point, he jumped out of his bed after hearing a tape of the song given to him by the band, recorded his part, and went back to bed.[13]

Preston's final recorded contributions were the Neil Diamond album 12 Songs (2005), and his keyboard work on The Road to Escondido (2006) by Eric Clapton and J. J. Cale.

In late 2005, Preston made his last public performance, in Los Angeles, to support the re-release of the Concert for Bangla Desh (1972) movie. Preston played a three song set of "Give Me Love", "My Sweet Lord", and "Isn't It a Pity", with Dhani Harrison and Ringo Starr joining on guitar and drums respectively for the last song.

Personal life

Preston was known to be homosexual, but did not speak about it publicly.[14][15][16] He lived in London for a time,[17] possibly around 1969-1971, but he moved back to the USA in the early 1970s.

Jazz musician Miles Davis was heavily influenced by Preston's music during his funk rock period of the early 1970s. Davis' album Get Up With It (1974) features a track called "Billy Preston" in his honor.

Death

Preston had battled kidney disease in his later years, brought on by his hypertension. He received a kidney transplant in 2002, but his health continued to deteriorate. He had voluntarily entered a drug rehabilitation clinic in Malibu, California, at the suggestion of guitarist Is'real Benton, and suffered pericarditis there, leading to respiratory failure that left him in a coma from November 21, 2005.[1] Preston died on June 6, 2006, in Scottsdale, Arizona, of complications of malignant hypertension that resulted in kidney failure and other complications. His funeral was held on June 20 at the Faithful Central Bible Church in Inglewood, California, where his remains were interred at Inglewood Park Cemetery.[18]

Discography

Studio albums

Year Album Title Record Label Notes
1963 16 Yr. Old Soul Derby Recorded for Sam Cooke's SAR label (Derby was its sister imprint), Preston still at high school in Los Angeles. Re-released in the UK in 1969 by Soul City Records as Greazee Soul
1965 The Most Exciting Organ Ever VJ Records Fully instrumental
1965 Early Hits of '65 Exodus Records Recorded in the same sessions as The Most Exciting Organ Ever
1966 Wildest Organ in Town! Capitol Records Arranged by Sly Stone
1967 Club Meeting Capitol Records A continuation of The Wildest Organ in Town!
1969 That's The Way God Planned It Apple Records Debut album on Apple, and featuring the European hit "Keith Richards and Eric Clapton
1970 Encouraging Words Apple Records Guests include George Harrison, Eric Clapton, Ringo Starr and Delaney Bramlett
1971 I Wrote a Simple Song A&M Records Debut album for A&M, includes the hit "Outa-Space" and features contributions from Quincy Jones and George Harrison
1972 Music Is My Life A&M Records Includes the hit "Will It Go Round in Circles"
1973 Everybody Likes Some Kind of Music A&M Records Includes the hit "Space Race"
1974 The Kids & Me A&M Records Includes the hit "Nothing from Nothing" and the future hit for Joe Cocker, "You Are So Beautiful"
1975 It's My Pleasure A&M Records Incorporates synthesizers more heavily than previous Preston album, features harmonica by Stevie Wonder on two tracks and a guest appearance from George Harrison
1976 Billy Preston A&M Records Guests include Jeff Beck and the Tower of Power horns
1977 A Whole New Thing A&M Records Final album for A&M
1979 Late at Night Motown Records Includes the hit duet with Syreeta Wright, "With You I'm Born Again"
1981 Billy Preston & Syreeta Motown Records Album features duets
1981 The Way I Am Motown Records Guests include members of Toto
1982 Pressin' On Motown Records Final album for Motown Records
1984 On the Air Megatone Records Album features a Beatles tribute
1986 You Can't Keep a Good Man Down D&K Records
1995 Billy's Back NuGroove Records
2001 You and I Just 2001 Featuring the Italian band Novecento

Studio EP

Year Album Title Record Label Notes
2004 Billy's Tribute to The Beatles EP iFanz Records Featuring Sgt. Pepper, I'm Looking Through You & Give Me Love

Live album

Gospel albums

  • 1965: Hymns Speak from the Organ (Exodus Records, EX-53)
  • 1973: Gospel In My Soul (reissue of Hymns Speak from the Organ)
  • 1978: Behold! (Myrrh Records, MYR-1070)
  • 1980: Universal Love
  • 1994: Ministry of Music (D&K Records, D&K 86003)
  • 1996: Words and Music
  • 2001: Music From My Heart

Charted albums

Year Album US Top 200 US R&B
1965 "The Most Exciting Organ Ever" 143 5
1966 "Wildest Organ In Town!" 118 9
1969 "That's the Way God Planned It"1 127
1970 "Encouraging Words" 50
1971 "I Wrote A Simple Song" 32 9
1972 "Music Is My Life" 32 7
1973 "Everybody Likes Some Kind Of Music" 52 3
1974 "The Kids & Me" 17 8
1975 "It's My Pleasure" 43 18
1977 "A Whole New Thing" 49
1979 "Late At Night" 49 73
1981 "Billy Preston & Syreeta" 127 48

Footnotes: 1 Charted in 1972

Singles

Year Title Chart positions
US US R&B UK
1965 "Billy's Bag" / "Goldfinger"
1968 "Hey Brother"
1969 "That's the Way God Planned It" 62 11
1970 "All That I've Got (I'm Gonna Give It to You)" 108
1971 "My Sweet Lord" 90 23
1972 "The Bus" 43
"I Wrote a Simple Song" 77
"Outa-Space" 2 1 44
"That's the Way God Planned It" (Re-release) 65
"Slaughter" 50 17
1973 "Will It Go Round in Circles" 1 10
"How Long Has The Train Been Gone"
"Space Race" 4 1
1974 "You're So Unique" 48 11
"Nothing from Nothing" 1 8
"Struttin'" 22 11
1975 "Fancy Lady" 71 23
"Do It While You Can" 58
1977 "I've Got the Spirit" 48
"Do What You Want" flip
"Girl" 44
"Wide Stride" 33
1978 "I'm Really Gonna Miss You" 59
"Get Back" 86
1979 "Go For It" (with Syreeta Wright) 108
"With You I'm Born Again" (with Syreeta Wright) 4 86 2
1980 "It Will Come in Time" (with Syreeta Wright) 47
"One More Time for Love" (with Syreeta Wright) 52 72
1981 "Searchin'" (with Syreeta Wright) 106
1982 "I'm Never Gonna Say Goodbye" 88 64
1986 "So Good, So Fine" (with Ann-Louise Hanson)
2003 "Go Where No One's Gone Before"[19]
"—" denotes releases that did not chart.

As a guest/session performer

References

  1. ^ a b c
  2. ^
  3. ^ http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=billy+preston+blueberry+hill&FORM=VIRE1#view=detail&mid=C4C029AE7E4DA745633AC4C029AE7E4DA745633A
  4. ^ "16 Year Old Soul is an album of percolating organ-infused instrumentals that offers insight into the roots of one of the music world's most innovative and genre-busting stars who died at the age of 59, in 2006. With songs covering a broad spectrum of styles from country ('Born to Loose') to R&B ('Good News') to jazz ('God Bless The Child') with pop and blues undertones aplenty, 16 Year Old Soul is a preserved-in-amber glimpse of an artist whose musical maturity belied his years."
  5. ^ a b
  6. ^ The Beatles - A/B Road: The Complete Get back Sessions, January 24th
  7. ^ a b
  8. ^
  9. ^ [1] Archived February 8, 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Edward J. Boyer, "Singer Billy Preston Arrested in Sex Case", Los Angeles Times, August 19, 1991.
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^

External links

  • Billy Preston's official site
  • Billy Preston at the Internet Movie Database
  • Fox News "'Fifth Beatle' Billy Preston Dies at 59" June 6, 2006
  • The Complete Apple Records
  • Allmusic.com "Billy Preston"
  • In-depth biographical obituary about Preston and his work from NewYorkNightTrain.com