William Henry Cosby, Jr.
July 12, 1937
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Alma mater||Temple University (1971)|
|Occupation||Actor, comedian, author|
|Spouse(s)||Camille Hanks Cosby (m. 1964)|
|Children||5, including Erika Cosby, Ennis Cosby|
|Medium||Stand-up comedy, film, television|
|Genres||Observational comedy, satire, surreal humor, deadpan|
|Influenced||Chris Rock, Eddie Murphy|
William Henry "Bill" Cosby, Jr. (born July 12, 1937) is an American stand-up comedian, actor, and author.
Cosby's start in stand-up comedy began at the hungry i in San Francisco, followed by landing a starring role in the 1960s television show I Spy. During its first two seasons, he was also a regular on the children's television series The Electric Company.
Using the Fat Albert character developed during his stand-up routines, Cosby created, produced, and hosted the animated comedy television series Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids, a show that ran from 1972 to 1985, centering on a group of young friends growing up in an urban area. Throughout the 1970s, Cosby starred in a number of films, occasionally returning to film later in his career. After attending Temple University in the 1960s, he received his bachelor's degree there in 1971. In 1973 he received a master's degree from the University of Massachusetts Amherst, and in 1976 he earned his Doctor of Education degree, also from UMass. His dissertation discussed the use of Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids as a teaching tool in elementary schools.
Beginning in the 1980s, Cosby produced and starred in a television sitcom, The Cosby Show, which aired from 1984 to 1992 and was rated as the number one show in America for five years, 1984 through 1989. The sitcom highlighted the experiences and growth of an affluent African-American family. Cosby produced the Cosby Show spin-off sitcom A Different World, which aired from 1987 to 1993; starred in the sitcom Cosby from 1996 to 2000; and hosted Kids Say the Darndest Things for two seasons, from 1998 to 2000.
Cosby has been the subject of publicized sexual assault allegations since about 2000. As of October 23, 2015, Cosby has been accused by at least 57 women of either rape, drug facilitated sexual assault, sexual battery and/or sexual misconduct, with the earliest alleged incidents taking place in the mid-1960s. He has denied the allegations and has never been criminally charged. Most of the acts alleged by his accusers fall outside the statutes of limitations for legal proceedings. As of October 6, 2015, six related lawsuits against Cosby are pending.
- Early life 1
- Stand-up career 2
Acting career 3
- I Spy 3.1
- Fat Albert, The Bill Cosby Show, and the 1970s 3.2
- The Cosby Show and the 1980s 3.3
- 1990s and 2000s 3.4
- Cutting ties with Cosby 3.5.1
- Sexual assault allegations 4
- Political views 5
Personal life 6
- Shawn Upshaw paternity lawsuit 6.1
- Comedy albums 7.1.1
- Music albums 7.1.2
- Compilations 7.1.3
- Singles 7.1.4
- Filmography 7.2
- Books 7.3
- Discography 7.1
Awards and honors 8
- Emmys 8.1
- Grammys 8.2
- Honorary degrees 8.3
- See also 9
- General references 10.1
- Further reading 11
- External links 12
Cosby was born on July 12, 1937 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He is one of four sons of Anna Pearl (née Hite), a maid, and William Henry Cosby Sr., who served as a cook in the U.S. Navy. During much of Cosby's early childhood, his father was away in the U.S. armed forces, spending several years fighting in World War II. As a student, he described himself as a class clown. Cosby was the captain of both the baseball team and the track and field team at Mary Channing Wister Public School in Philadelphia, as well as the class president. Early on, though, teachers noted his propensity for clowning around rather than studying. At FitzSimons Junior High School, Cosby began acting in plays as well as continuing his devotion to playing sports.
Cosby went on to Philadelphia's Central High School, a magnet and university prep school. In addition, Cosby was working before and after school, selling produce, shining shoes, and stocking shelves at a supermarket to help out the family. He transferred to Germantown High School, but failed the tenth grade. Instead of repeating, he got a job as an apprentice at a shoe repair shop, which he liked, but could not see himself doing the rest of his life.
Subsequently, he joined the Navy, serving at the Marine Corps Base Quantico, Virginia, Naval Station Argentia, Newfoundland and at the Bethesda Naval Hospital in Maryland. During his four years in the Navy, Cosby served as a Hospital Corpsman working in physical therapy with Navy and Marine Corps personnel injured during the Korean War.
He finished his equivalency diploma via correspondence courses and was awarded a track and field scholarship to Philadelphia's Temple University in 1961. There, he studied physical education while running track and playing fullback on the university's football team. As Cosby progressed through his undergraduate studies, he continued to hone his talent for humor, joking with fellow enlistees in the service and then with college friends. When he began bartending at a Philadelphia club to earn money, he became more aware of his ability to make people laugh. After using humor on his customers and seeing his tips increase, he then took his talent to the stage.
Cosby left Temple to pursue a career in comedy, lining up standup jobs at clubs first in Philadelphia and then in New York City, where he appeared at The Gaslight Cafe beginning in 1962. He booked dates in cities such as Chicago, Las Vegas, San Francisco, Washington, D.C.. He received national exposure on NBC's The Tonight Show in the summer of 1963. This led to a recording contract with Warner Bros. Records, who, in 1964, released his debut LP Bill Cosby Is a Very Funny Fellow...Right!, the first of a series of comedy albums.
While many comics of the time were using the growing freedom of that decade to explore material that was controversial and sometimes risqué, Cosby was making his reputation with humorous recollections of his childhood. Many Americans wondered about the absence of race as a topic in Cosby's stories. As Cosby's success grew he had to defend his choice of material regularly; as he argued, "A white person listens to my act and he laughs and he thinks, 'Yeah, that's the way I see it too.' Okay. He's white. I'm Negro. And we both see things the same way. That must mean that we are alike. Right? So I figure this way I'm doing as much for good race relations as the next guy."
Younger, well-established comics like Jerry Seinfeld have credited Cosby as an innovator both as a practitioner of the genre of standup comedy, but also as a person who paved the way for comics to break into sitcom television. Seinfeld said of Cosby: "He opened a door for all of us, for all of the networks to even consider that this was a way to create a character, was to take someone who can hold an audience just by being up there and telling their story. He created that. He created the whole idea of taking a quote-unquote 'comic' and developing a TV show just from a persona that you see onstage." Comedian Larry Wilmore also saw a connection between Cosby's standup, in the concert film Bill Cosby: Himself, and the later success of the The Cosby Show, saying: "It's clear that the concert is the template for The Cosby Show."
Cosby performed his first TV standup special in 30 years, "Bill Cosby: Far From Finished", on Comedy Central on November 23, 2013. Cosby's last show of the "Far From Finished" tour was performed at the
- Official website
- Bill Cosby at the Internet Movie Database
- Bill Cosby at the Internet Broadway Database
- Excerpts From Bill Cosby’s Deposition in the Andrea Constand case
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"Who Were Our 2001 College Commencement Speakers? (A sampling)". The Black Excel Newsletter. August 2001. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
Bill Cosby (actor and TV personality) spoke at Morris Brown College
- "The Ohio State University Commencement Address by Bill Cosby". The Ohio State University. Spring 2001. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Cosby Urges Rensselaer Graduates: Be Honest, Be Humble". Albany, New York. May 12, 2001. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
"Commencement 2015: Previous Graduation Speakers". High Point University. Spring 2015. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
2007 Commencement Ceremony: Bill Cosby
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- Rhodan, Maya (November 19, 2014). "TV Land Pulls The Cosby Show From Its Lineup". TIME Magazine. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- marathon set for Thanksgiving weekThe Cosby ShowTV Land scraps . Variety (November 19, 2014). Retrieved November 19, 2014. "(E)pisodes have been pulled immediately for the foreseeable future…TV Land even removed references to The Cosby Show from its website on Wednesday afternoon as the scandal accelerated."
- "Magic Turns on Cos: ASPiRE Network Cancels Cosby Programming".
- "Bounce TV Pulls ‘Cosby’ Reruns, BET’s Centric Yanks ‘The Cosby Show’".
- The Cosby Show, Hulu Plus, Accessed October 10, 2015
- "New Bill Cosby TV show scrapped by NBC". BBC News. November 19, 2014.
- Robb, David (July 8, 2015). "Cos And Effect: Dropped Months Ago By CAA, Bill Cosby Is Un-Repped In Hollywood".
- Holley, Peter (December 1, 2014), Colleges cut ties with Bill Cosby as the list of women accusing him of sexual assault hits 20,
- Hughes, Jason (November 18, 2014). "Bill Cosby Is a ‘Serial Rapist,’ Accuser Joan Tarshis Tells CNN's Don Lemon (Video)". Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- Ellie Shechet. "Reading Bill Cosby: The Wit And Wisdom Of An Accused Serial Rapist". Jezebel.
- Stern, Marlow. "Bill Cosby’s Long List of Accusers (So Far): 18 Alleged Sexual Assault Victims Between 1965-2004". The Daily Beast. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- Winton, Richard (September 30, 2015). "Former Mrs. America, others accuse Bill Cosby of sexual assault". Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- Gilmer, Marcus (August 20, 2015). "2 new Cosby accusers come forward, pushing total over 50". Retrieved August 20, 2015.
- BET (September 22, 2015). "Wendy Williams Highlights: Gloria Allred Talks About the Bill Cosby Case". Retrieved September 22, 2015.
- Seemayer, Zach (February 26, 2015). "Bill Cosby's Accusers: A Timeline of Alleged Sexual Assault Claims (Updated)". ET Online. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
- Ioannou, Filipa; Mathis-Lilley, Ben; Hannon, Elliot (November 21, 2014). "A Complete List of the Women Who Have Accused Bill Cosby of Sexual Assault". Slate.com. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
- Winton, Richard (July 7, 2015). "Bill Cosby's admission on Quaaludes may spur lawsuits against him, legal experts say".
- Parry, Ryan (October 6, 2015). "EXCLUSIVE: Bill Cosby is sued over 'sex assault' at Playboy Mansion inside statute of limitation - and faces being quizzed under oath in federal court about model's claims". Daily Mail. Retrieved October 6, 2015.
Graham Bowley and Sydney Ember (July 18, 2015). "Bill Cosby Deposition Reveals Calculated Pursuit of Young Women, Using Fame, Drugs and Deceit". The New York Times. Retrieved July 19, 2015.
...he presented himself in the deposition as an unapologetic, cavalier playboy, someone who used a combination of fame, apparent concern and powerful sedatives in a calculated pursuit of young women….
- "Bill Cosby defiant about answering sexual assault allegations". KFOR-TV Digital Desk and CNN Wire. Retrieved May 20, 2015.
- "Bill Cosby addresses sexual misconduct allegations for the first time". The Week. Retrieved May 16, 2015.
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- "Bill Cosby: Charity Work & Causes". LooktotheStars.org. Retrieved June 26, 2015.
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- "Publicists With a Cannes-Do Attitude". The Washington Post. May 19, 2004.
- "'"Fattah Lauds Bill Cosby as 'Hometown Hero. US House of Representatives. Washington DC: Congressman Chaka Fattah. October 26, 2009. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
- Is Bill Cosby Right or Is the Black Middle Class Out of Touch? (Map). National Public Radio. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
- Dyson, Michael Eric. "The Injustice Bill Cosby Won't See" (Map). The Washington Post. Retrieved July 28, 2009.
- Cornel West radio clip played on Tavis Smiley edition "Bill Cosby: Airdate May 26, 2004"
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- "Beta Alpha Alpha Chapter Lines". Beta Alpha Alpha Chapter of Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- Goldman, John (July 16, 1997). "Cosby Testifies About Secret Payments". Los Angeles Times.
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- "Biography of Bill Cosby".
- Asante, Molefi Kete (2002). The 100 Greatest African Americans: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Amherst, New York. Prometheus Books. ISBN 1-57392-963-8.
- "Lone Sailor Award recipients".
- Mass, Chief. "MCPON Designates Bill Cosby Honorary Chief". Navy.mil. Archived from the original on November 12, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
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- "Bill Cosby is Marquette University’s spring Commencement speaker". Marquette University Office of Marketing and Communication. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
- "University of San Francisco Rescinds Bill Cosby Honorary Degree". NBC BAY AREA. September 30, 2015. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- "Oberlin College gives Cosbys, Stevie Wonder honorary doctorates". Retrieved October 12, 2015.
- "VCU 40th Anniversary Events". Virginia Commonwealth University. Archived from the original on February 25, 2010. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
- "Commencement 2007: Celebrating Honors and Achievements". Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
- "Retiring College President Lee Eliot Berk and Bill Cosby Honored at Berklee College of Music's 2004 Commencement" (Press release). Berklee College of Music. May 8, 2004. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
- "Three Score: The Berklee 60th Anniversary Concert". Berklee College of Music. January 28, 2006. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
- "Wilkes University rescinds Cosby’s honorary degree". CITIZENS VOICE. October 7, 2015. Retrieved October 7, 2015.
- """Bill Cosby Lifts Baylor, Waco Spirits At "Pep Rally. Baylor University. September 5, 2003. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
- "Baylor rescinds honorary doctorate given to Bill Cosby in 2003". The New York Daily Times. October 8, 2015. Retrieved October 8, 2015.
- "Honorary Degrees". Yale Bulletin and Calendar 31 (31). June 6, 2003. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
- "Georgia college considers rescinding honorary degree given to Bill Cosby; will vote next week". StarTribune. October 17, 2015.
- "Bill Cosby Commencement Speech 2002". Drew University. May 2002. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
- "Honorary Degree Recipients" (PDF). Haverford College. July 7, 2009. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 8, 2009. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
- Laura Sanicola (2015-09-24). "Another hit for Cosby: Fordham rescinds honorary degree". USA TODAY College. Retrieved 2015-09-25.
- Gregorian, Dareh (24 September 2015). "Fordham revokes Bill Cosby's honorary degree". NY Daily News. Retrieved 2015-09-25.
- "Baltimore's Goucher College Revokes Bill Cosby's Honorary Degree". WBOC 16. October 15, 2015. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
- "Tufts University Revokes Bill Cosby's Honorary Degree". CBS Boston. October 15, 2015. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
- "Bill Cosby: Commencement Speaker". Newswise. May 22, 1999. Retrieved May 19, 2013.
- "A Joyous Day of Academic Celebration - USC's 115th Commencement, May 8, 1998". USC News. May 8, 1998. Retrieved March 27, 2012.
- "Commencement: Speakers". University of Connecticut. May 18, 1996. Retrieved August 12, 2011.
- "Commencement: Honorary Degrees". University of Connecticut. May 18, 1996. Retrieved August 12, 2011.
- "Past Speakers and Honorary Degree Recipients". Retrieved May 20, 2014.
- "Commencement: Honorary Degrees". University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
- "Commencement: Speakers Since 1938". University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
- "Brown revokes Bill Cosby’s honorary degree". Brown Daily Herald. September 28, 2015. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
- List of comedians
- List of Omega Psi Phi brothers
- List of Temple University people
- List of University of Massachusetts Amherst alumni
- Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Boston University, May 18, 2014
- Honorary Doctor of Letters degree from Marquette University, May 19, 2013. (Rescinded)
- Honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree from The University of San Francisco, May 18, 2012. (Rescinded)
- Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Oberlin College, May 1, 2010.
- Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Virginia Commonwealth University, December 5, 2008.
- Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Carnegie Mellon University, May 20, 2007; he was also the keynote speaker for the commencement ceremony.
- Honorary Doctor of Music degree from Berklee College of Music, May 8, 2004. Cosby was also the host of the school's 60th Anniversary Concert in January 2006.
- Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Wilkes University, May, 2004.(Rescinded)
- Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Baylor University, September 4, 2003, at the "Spirit Rally" for the Baylor and Central Texas communities.(Rescinded)
- Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Yale University, May 26, 2003.
- Honorary Degree in 2003 from Sisseton Wahpeton College for his contributions to minority education.
- Honorary Doctorate from West Chester University of Pennsylvania during the 2003 graduation ceremony.
- Honorary Doctorate from Paine College in 2003.
- Honorary Doctorate from Drew University during the 2002 graduation ceremony.
- Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Haverford College, May 2002.
- Honorary Degrees from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the University of Cincinnati in 2001.
- Honorary Doctor of Fine Arts from Fordham University in 2001. (Rescinded)
- Honorary Doctorate from Goucher College, 2001. (Rescinded)
- Honorary Doctor of Arts degree from Tufts University, 2000. (Rescinded)
- Honorary Doctorate from Amherst College, May 1999. (Doctor of Humane Letters, honoris causa)
- Honorary Doctorate from Colgate University, May 22, 1999; he was also the keynote speaker for the commencement ceremony.
- Honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree from the University of Southern California, May 8, 1998.
- Honorary Doctor of Fine Arts from the University of Connecticut, and served as the commencement speaker, May 18, 1996.
- Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Swarthmore College, 1995.
- Honorary Doctor of Laws from the University of Pennsylvania, 1990. He also served as the commencement speaker in May 1997.
- Honorary Doctor of Letters degree from Brown University, May, 1985. (Rescinded)
Cosby has been awarded at least 57 honorary degrees since 1985. Several of these honorary degrees have been rescinded due to allegations of sexual assault and/or immoral behavior:
Best Comedy Performance – Grammy Awards
1965 I Started Out as a Child
1966 Why Is There Air?
1969 To Russell, My Brother, Whom I Slept With
1987 Those of You with or Without Children, You'll Understand
Best Recording for Children – Grammy Awards
1971 The Electric Company – Cast member
1972 Bill Cosby Talks to Kids About Drugs
Outstanding Continued Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role in a Dramatic Series – Primetime Emmys
1966 I Spy – Alexander Scott
1967 I Spy – Alexander Scott
1968 I Spy – Alexander Scott
Outstanding Variety Or Musical Program – Primetime Emmys
1969 The Bill Cosby Special
- 1969: Received his third Man of the Year award from Harvard University's performance group the [[Hasty Pudding Theatricals].]
- 1991: Induction into the Television Hall of Fame.
- 1998: Received the Kennedy Center Honor.
- 2002: The Presidential Medal of Freedom for his contributions to television
- 2002: The scholar Molefi Kete Asante included him in his book The 100 Greatest African Americans.
- 2003: The Bob Hope Humanitarian Award.
- 2005: In a British poll to find the Comedian's Comedian, he was voted among the top-50 comedy acts ever by fellow comedians and comedy insiders.
- 2010: Received the Lone Sailor Award by the United States Navy Memorial.
- 2009: Presented with the 12th annual Mark Twain Prize for American Humor.
- 2011: Made an honorary Chief Petty Officer (Hospital Corpsman) in the United States Navy. The Navy revoked this award on December 4, 2014.
Awards and honors
- Cosby, Bill (1986).
- Cosby, Bill (1987). Time Flies. New York: Doubleday.
- Cosby, Bill (1989). Love and Marriage. New York: Doubleday.
- Cosby, Bill (1991). Childhood. New York: Putnam.
- Cosby, Bill (1998). Kids Say the Darndest Things. New York: Bantam Books.
- Cosby, Bill (1999). Congratulations! Now What?: A Book for Graduates. New York: Hyperion.
- Allen, Dwight William; Cosby, Bill (2000). American Schools: The $100 Billion Challenge. New York: IPublish.com.
- Cosby, Bill; Booth, George (2001). Cosbyology: Essays and Observations from the Doctor of Comedy. New York: Hyperion.
- Cosby, Bill (2003). I Am What I Ate ... and I'm Frightened!!!: And Other Digressions from the Doctor of Comedy. New York: HarperEntertainment.
- Cosby, Bill; Cosby, Erika (2003). Friends of a Feather: One of Life's Little Fables. New York: Harper Entertainment.
- Cosby, Bill; Poussaint, Alvin F. (2007). Come on, People: On the Path from Victims to Victors. Nashville: Thomas Nelson.
- Cosby, Bill (2011). I Didn't Ask to Be Born (But I'm Glad I Was). New York: Center Street.
|1965-1968||I Spy||Alexander Scott||TV series|
|1969||Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice||Patron at nightclub (uncredited)|
|1969||Hey, Hey, Hey, It's Fat Albert||Bill / Fat Albert / Dumb Donald (voice)||TV movie|
|1969-1971||The Bill Cosby Show||Chet Kincaid||TV series|
|1971-1973||The Electric Company||Hank||TV series|
|1971||Man and Boy||Caleb Revers||TV movie|
|1972||The New Bill Cosby Show||Host||TV series|
|1972-1985||Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids||"Fat" Albert Jackson (voice)||TV series|
|1972||To All My Friends on Shore||Blue||TV movie|
|1972||Hickey & Boggs||Al Hickey|
|1974||Uptown Saturday Night||Wardell Franklin|
|1974||Journey Back to Oz||The Wizard of Oz||TV version only|
|1975||Let's Do It Again||Billy Foster|
|1976||Mother, Jugs & Speed||Mother|
|1977||A Piece of the Action||Dave Anderson|
|1978||Top Secret||Aaron Strickland||TV movie|
|1978||California Suite||Dr. Willis Panama|
|1981||The Devil and Max Devlin||Barney Satin|
|1984-1992||The Cosby Show||Dr. Heathcliff "Cliff" Huxtable||TV series|
|1987||Leonard Part 6||Leonard Parker||Also producer and writer|
|1987||Bill Cosby:49||Himself||Live comedy concert film released on VHS|
|1987||A Different World||Dr. Heathcliff "Cliff" Huxtable||TV series|
|1990||Ghost Dad||Elliot Hopper|
|1992-1993||You Bet Your Life||Host||TV series|
|1993||The Meteor Man||Marvin|
|1994||The Cosby Mysteries||Guy Hanks||TV movie|
|1994-1995||The Cosby Mysteries||Guy Hanks||TV series|
|1994||I Spy Returns||Alexander Scott||TV movie|
|1996-2000||Cosby||Hilton Lucas||TV series|
|1998-2000||Kids Say the Darndest Things||Host||TV series|
|1999-2004||Little Bill||Captain Brainstorm (voice)||TV series|
|2002||Sylvia's Path||Voice||TV movie|
|2014||Bill Cosby 77||Himself|
|1967||"Little Ol' Man (Uptight—Everything's Alright)"||4||18|
|1970||"Grover Henson Feels Forgotten"||70||—|
|1976||"I Luv Myself Better Than I Luv Myself"||—||59|
|"Yes, Yes, Yes"||46||11|
- Silver Throat: Bill Cosby Sings (1967)
- Bill Cosby Sings Hooray for the Salvation Army Band! (1968)
- Badfoot Brown & the Bunions Bradford Funeral & Marching Band (1971)
- Charles Mingus and Friends in Concert - As master of ceremonies (Columbia, 1972)
- Bill Cosby Presents Badfoot Brown & the Bunions Bradford Funeral Marching Band (1972)
- At Last Bill Cosby Really Sings (1974)
- Bill Cosby Is Not Himself These Days (1976)
- Disco Bill (1977)
- Where You Lay Your Head (1990)
- My Appreciation (1991)
- Hello Friend: To Ennis, With Love (1997)
- Quincy Jones & Bill Cosby – The Original Jam Sessions 1969 (2004)
- Quincy Jones & Bill Cosby – The New Mixes Vol. 1 (2004)
- State of Emergency (2009)
- Keep Standing (2010)
- Bill Cosby Is a Very Funny Fellow...Right! (1963)
- I Started Out as a Child (1964)
- Why Is There Air? (1965)
- Wonderfulness (1966)
- Revenge (1967)
- To Russell, My Brother, Whom I Slept With (1968)
- 200 M.P.H. (1968)
- 8:15 12:15 (1969)
- It's True! It's True! (1969)
- Sports (1969)
- Live: Madison Square Garden Center (1970)
- When I Was a Kid (1971)
- For Adults Only (1971)
- Bill Cosby Talks to Kids About Drugs (1971)
- Inside the Mind of Bill Cosby (1972)
- Fat Albert (1973)
- My Father Confused Me... What Must I Do? What Must I Do? (1977)
- Bill's Best Friend (1978)
- Bill Cosby: Himself (1982)
- Those of You With or Without Children, You'll Understand (1986)
- Oh, Baby! (1991)
- Bill Cosby: Far from Finished (TV broadcast on November 23, 2013, Blu-ray, DVD, CD and digital distribution on November 26, 2013)
In July 1997, Cosby testified that he made private payments to Shawn Upshaw, a woman who had briefly been his lover in Las Vegas during the early 1970s. Upshaw later told Cosby that he was the father of her daughter, Autumn Jackson. Cosby denies being the father and said that he gave Upshaw a total of about $100,000 because he did not want her to publicly reveal the affair. Twenty-two-year-old Autumn Jackson was sentenced to 26 months in jail for trying to extort US$40 million from Cosby. In the trial and subsequent appeal, the courts held that Jackson's belief that she was Cosby's child—even if sincere—was irrelevant to the question of her guilt. The courts stated that the mere fact that she was Cosby's child would not have entitled her to the $40 million she demanded, and therefore the demand was extortionate, whether or not she believed herself to be Cosby's daughter. Although both Jackson and Cosby stated at various times that they were willing to undergo DNA testing to determine Jackson's paternity, the two sides never reached an agreement as to when and how to perform the test. After Jackson's conviction, Cosby provided a blood sample for testing, but Jackson refused to participate until after her sentencing.
Shawn Upshaw paternity lawsuit
Cosby is an alumnus supporter of his alma mater, Temple University, particularly its men's basketball team, whose games Cosby frequently attends. He is also a member of the Omega Psi Phi fraternity; he was initiated in the fraternity's Beta Alpha Alpha graduate chapter in White Plains, New York, in 1988.
Cosby has hosted the Los Angeles Playboy Jazz Festival since 1979. Known as a jazz drummer, he can also be seen playing bass guitar with Jerry Lewis and Sammy Davis, Jr. on Hugh Hefner's 1970s talk show. His story, "The Regular Way", was featured in Playboy 's December 1968 issue. Cosby has become an active member of The Jazz Foundation of America. Cosby became involved with the foundation in 2004. For several years, he has been a featured host for its annual benefit, A Great Night in Harlem, at the Apollo Theater in New York City. Cosby has stated, many times in his stand up shows, that "kids these days don't know what the jazz is all about".
Cosby married Camille Olivia Hanks on January 25, 1964. Together, they have had five children, Erika, Erinn, Ensa, Evin, and Ennis. Their only son, Ennis, was murdered on January 16, 1997, while changing a flat tire on the side of Interstate 405 in Los Angeles. The Cosbys have three grandchildren.
Cosby has also been openly critical of conservative Republican politicians in regards to their views on socioeconomic and racial issues. In a 2013 CNN interview regarding voting rights, Cosby stated "this Republican Party is not the Republican Party of 1863, of Abraham Lincoln, abolitionists and slavery, is not good. I think it's important for us to look at the underlying part of it. What is the value of it? Is it that some people are angry because my people no longer want to work for free?"
In a 2008 interview, Cosby mentioned Chicago, Illinois; Detroit, Michigan; Oakland, California; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and Springfield, Massachusetts among the cities where crime was high and young African-American men were being murdered and jailed in disproportionate numbers. Cosby stood his ground against criticism and affirmed that African-American parents were continuing to fail to inculcate proper standards of moral behavior. Cosby lectured black communities (usually at churches) about his frustrations with certain problems prevalent in underprivileged urban communities, such as illegal drugs; teenage pregnancy; Black Entertainment Television; high-school dropouts; anti-intellectualism; gangsta rap; vulgarity; thievery; offensive clothing; vanity; parental alienation; single-parenting; and failing to live up to the ideals of Frederick Douglass, Martin Luther King, Jr., and African-Americans who preceded Generation X.
Cornel West defended Cosby and his remarks, saying, "he's speaking out of great compassion and trying to get folk to get on the right track, 'cause we've got some brothers and sisters who are not doing the right things, just like in times in our own lives, we don't do the right thing... He is trying to speak honestly and freely and lovingly, and I think that's a very positive thing."
In 2005, Michael Eric Dyson wrote a book, Is Bill Cosby Right? Or Has the Black Middle Class Lost Its Mind? In the book, Dyson wrote that Cosby was overlooking larger social factors that reinforce poverty and associated crime; factors such as deteriorating schools, stagnating wages, dramatic shifts in the economy, offshoring and downsizing, chronic underemployment, and job and capital flight. Dyson suggested that Cosby's comments "betray classist, elitist viewpoints rooted in generational warfare."
Cosby again came under sharp criticism and was again largely unapologetic for his stance when he made similar remarks during a speech in a July 1 meeting commemorating the anniversary of Brown v. Board of Education. During that speech, he admonished apathetic blacks for not assisting or concerning themselves with the individuals who are involved with crime or have counter-productive aspirations. He further described those who needed attention as blacks who "had forgotten the sacrifices of those in the Civil Rights Movement."
In the "Pound Cake" speech, Cosby asked that African-American parents teach their children better morals at a younger age. As reported in The Washington Times, Cosby "told reporters during a special session of the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation’s 34th annual legislative conference" that "Parenting needs to come to the forefront. If you need help and you don't know how to parent, we want to be able to reach out and touch you." Richard Leiby of The Washington Post reported, "Bill Cosby was anything but politically correct in his remarks Monday night at a Constitution Hall bash commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Brown v. Board of Education decision."
In May 2004, after receiving an award at the celebration of the 50th anniversary commemoration of the Brown v. Board of Education ruling—a ruling of the U.S. Supreme Court that outlawed racial segregation in schools—Cosby made public remarks critical of African Americans who put higher priorities on sports, fashion, and "acting hard" than on education, self-respect, and self-improvement, pleading for African-American families to educate their children on the many different aspects of American culture.
In the wake of the allegations, numerous organizations have severed ties with the comedian, and previously awarded honors and titles have been revoked. Reruns of The Cosby Show have also been pulled from syndication. As of 2014, the talent agency CAA dropped Cosby as a client, leaving the comedian without a Hollywood agent. In an unprecedented condemnation of Cosby's actions and alleged crimes, multiple universities have rescinded his honorary degrees.
Cosby has declined to publicly discuss the accusations in past interviews. He told Florida Today, "people shouldn’t have to go through that and shouldn’t answer to innuendos." In May 2015 he said, "I have been in this business 52 years and I've never seen anything like this. Reality is a situation and I can't speak."
In July 2015, the court records from Andrea Constand's 2005 civil lawsuit against Cosby were unsealed and released. Cosby's testimony shows a history of casual sex involving use of Quaaludes with a series of young women. Criminal investigations, responses by the accusers, sexual drugging jokes, legislation, as well as program and policy changes have all been part of the controversy surrounding these allegations.
Earlier sexual assault allegations against Cosby became more public after an October 2014 accusation by comedian Hannibal Buress went viral, and many additional claims were made after that date. The dates of the alleged incidents span from 1965 to 2008 across 10 U.S. states and one Canadian province, and most of the acts alleged by his accusers fall outside the statutes of limitations for legal proceedings. As of October 6, 2015, six related lawsuits against Cosby are pending.
Bill Cosby has been the subject of publicized sexual assault allegations since about 2000. As of October 23, 2015, Cosby has been accused by at least 57 women including a former Mrs. America of either rape, drug facilitated sexual assault, sexual battery and/or sexual misconduct, with the earliest alleged incidents taking place in the mid-1960s, and the term "serial rapist" has been used about him. Gloria Allred is representing 28 of the alleged victims. Allred has stated that more alleged victims would be coming forward. Cosby has denied any wrongdoing and has not been charged with any crime.
Sexual assault allegations
In July 2015, Deadline Hollywood Daily reported that Cosby's agency since 2012, Creative Artists Agency (CAA), stopped representing him in late 2014, leaving Cosby without representation in Hollywood.
On November 19, 2014, NBC scrapped Cosby's new show after accusations that he sexually assaulted women resurfaced.
Reruns of the Cosby Show have been canceled as a result of the sexual assault allegations against Cosby. In 2011, Netflix added the entire series to instant stream, before removing it in 2012. On November 19, 2014, TV Land and NBC both ended their relationships with Cosby: TV Land announced that it was pulling reruns from its schedule and also removing clips of the show from its website, In December 2014, the Magic Johnson-owned Aspire removed the series from its lineup. In July 2015, broadcast network Bounce TV pulled reruns, and BET's Centric (another Viacom unit) stopped airing reruns. The show is still available on Hulu Plus.
Cutting ties with Cosby
A new NBC show, that was scheduled for summer or autumn 2015, created by Mike O'Malley and Mike Sikowitz and to have been produced by The Cosby Show's Tom Werner, was set to feature Cosby as Jonathan Franklin, the patriarch of a multi-generational family.
In the summer of 2009, Cosby hosted a comedy gala at Montreal's Just for Laughs, which is the largest comedy festival in the world.
A series for preschoolers, Little Bill, made its debut on Nickelodeon in 1999. The network renewed the popular program in November 2000. In 2001, Cosby's agenda included the publication of a new book, as well as delivering the commencement addresses at Morris Brown College, Ohio State University, and at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Also that year, he signed a deal with 20th Century Fox to develop a live-action feature film centering on the popular Fat Albert character from his 1970s cartoon series. Fat Albert was released in theaters in December 2004. In May 2007 he spoke at the commencement of High Point University.
After four seasons, Cosby was canceled. Its last episode aired April 28, 2000. Kids Say the Darndest Things was terminated the same year, and Cosby continued to work with CBS through a development deal and other projects.
Also in 1996, he started up a new show for CBS, Cosby, again co-starring Phylicia Rashād, his onscreen wife on The Cosby Show. Cosby co-produced the show for Carsey-Werner Productions. The show was based on the British program One Foot in the Grave. It centered on Cosby as Hilton Lucas, an iconoclastic senior citizen who tries to find a new job after being downsized and, in the meantime, gets on his wife's nerves. Madeline Kahn costarred as Rashād's goofy business partner Pauline. Cosby was hired by CBS to be the official spokesman of the WWJ-TV during an advertising campaign from 1995 to 1998. Cosby hosted a CBS special, Kids Say the Darndest Things on February 6, 1995, which was followed after as a full season show, with Cosby as host, from January 9, 1998 to June 23, 2000.
After The Cosby Show went off the air in 1992, Cosby embarked on a number of other projects, including a revival of the classic Groucho Marx game show You Bet Your Life (1992–93) along with the TV-movie I Spy Returns (1994) and The Cosby Mysteries (1994). In the mid-1990s, he appeared as a detective in black-and-white film noir-themed commercials for Turner Classic Movies. He made appearances in three more films: Ghost Dad (1990), The Meteor Man (1993), and Jack (1996). In addition, he was interviewed in Spike Lee's 4 Little Girls (1997), a documentary about the 1963 racist bombing of a church in Birmingham, Alabama.
1990s and 2000s
In 1987, Cosby attempted to return to film with the spy spoof Leonard Part 6. Although Cosby himself was producer and wrote the story, he realized during production that the film was not going to be what he wanted and publicly denounced it, warning audiences to stay away. Cosby even went so far as to personally collect the Golden Raspberry Awards the film received on Joan Rivers' late-night talk show.
Much of the material from the pilot and first season of The Cosby Show was taken from his video Bill Cosby: Himself, released in 1983. The series was an immediate success, debuting near the top of the ratings and staying there for most of its long run. The Cosby Show is one of only three American programs that have been #1 in the Nielsen ratings for at least five consecutive seasons, along with All in the Family and American Idol. People magazine called the show "revolutionary", and Newsday concurred that it was a "real breakthrough."
Cosby's greatest television success came in September 1984 with the debut of The Cosby Show. The program aired weekly on NBC and went on to become the highest ranking sitcom of all time. For Cosby, the new situation comedy was a response to the increasingly violent and vulgar fare the networks usually offered. Cosby is an advocate for humor that is family-oriented. While working on The Cosby Show he held creative control, co-produced the series and involved himself in every aspect of production. Plots were often based on ideas that Cosby suggested while in meetings with the writing staff. The show had parallels to Cosby's actual family life: like the characters Cliff and Clair Huxtable, Cosby and his wife Camille were college educated, financially successful, and had five children. Essentially a throwback to the wholesome family situation comedy, The Cosby Show was unprecedented in its portrayal of an intelligent, affluent, African-American family.
The Cosby Show and the 1980s
Also during the 1970s, Cosby and other African-American actors, including Sidney Poitier, joined forces to make some successful comedy films that countered the violent "blaxploitation" films of the era. Uptown Saturday Night (1974) and Let's Do It Again (1975) were generally praised, but much of Cosby's film work has fallen flat. Mother, Jugs & Speed (1976), costarring Raquel Welch and Harvey Keitel; A Piece of the Action, with Poitier; and California Suite, a compilation of four Neil Simon plays, were all panned. In addition, Cos (1976) an hour-long variety show featuring puppets, sketches, and musical numbers, was canceled within the year. It was during this season that ABC decided to take advantage of this phase of Cosby's career by associating with Filmation (producers of Fat Albert) in creating live-action segments starring Cosby for the 1964/1971 animated film Journey Back to Oz, which made its network premiere on Christmas 1976, and aired subsequently in syndication. Cosby was also a regular on children's public television programs starting in the 1970s, hosting the "Picture Pages" segments that lasted into the early 1980s.
In 1972, Cosby received an MA from the University of Massachusetts Amherst and was also back in prime time with a variety series, The New Bill Cosby Show. However, this time he met with poor ratings, and the show lasted only a season. More successful was a Saturday morning show, Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids, hosted by Cosby and based on his own childhood. That series ran from 1972 to 1979, and as The New Fat Albert Show in 1979 and The Adventures of Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids in 1984. Some schools used the program as a teaching tool, and Cosby himself wrote a dissertation on it, "An Integration of the Visual Media Via 'Fat Albert And The Cosby Kids' Into the Elementary School Curriculum as a Teaching Aid and Vehicle to Achieve Increased Learning", as partial fulfillment of obtaining his 1976 doctorate in education, also from the University of Massachusetts. Subsequently, Temple University, where Cosby had begun but never finished his undergraduate studies, would grant him his bachelor's degree on the basis of "life experience."
After The Bill Cosby Show left the air, Cosby returned to his education. He began graduate work at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. For the PBS series The Electric Company, Cosby recorded several segments teaching reading skills to young children.
Cosby pursued a variety of additional television projects and appeared as a regular guest host on The Tonight Show and as the star of an annual special for NBC. He returned with another series in 1969, The Bill Cosby Show, a situation comedy that ran for two seasons. Cosby played a physical education teacher at a Los Angeles high school. While only a modest critical success, the show was a ratings hit, finishing eleventh in its first season. Cosby was lauded for using African-American performers such as Lillian Randolph, Moms Mabley, and Rex Ingram as characters. According to commentary on the Season 1 DVD's for the show, Cosby was at odds with NBC over his refusal to include a laugh track in the show (he felt that viewers had the ability to find humor for themselves when watching a TV show). He was originally contracted with NBC to do the show for two seasons, and he believes the show was not renewed afterwards for that reason.
Fat Albert, The Bill Cosby Show, and the 1970s
Tetragrammaton Records was a division of the Campbell, Silver, Cosby (CSC) Corporation, the Los Angeles-based production company founded by Cosby, his manager Roy Silver, and filmmaker Bruce Post Campbell. It produced films as well as records, including Cosby's television specials, the Fat Albert cartoon special and series and several motion pictures. CSC hired Artie Mogull as President of the label and Tetragrammaton was fairly active during 1968–69 (its most successful signing was British heavy rock band Deep Purple) but it quickly went into the red and ceased trading during 1970.
In June 1968, Billboard reported that Cosby had turned down a five-year, US$3.5 million contract renewal offer and would leave the label in August that year to record for his own record label.
During the run of the series, Cosby continued to do stand-up comedy performances and recorded a half-dozen record albums for Warner Bros. Records. He also began to dabble in singing, recording Silver Throat: Bill Cosby Sings in 1967, which provided him with a hit single with his recording of Little Ole Man (Uptight, Everything's Alright). As a single, the song sold over one million copies in the U.S. (achieving "gold" status), and hit number 4 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 chart. He would record several more musical albums into the early 1970s, but he continued to record primarily stand-up comedy work.
 When accepting his third Emmy for the show, Cosby told the audience: "Let the message be known to bigots and racists that they don’t count!".Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series for Emmy Awards finished among the twenty most-watched shows that year, and Cosby would be honored with three consecutive I Spy Viewers were taken with the show's exotic locales and the authentic chemistry between the stars, and it became one of the ratings hits of that television season.  In 1965, Cosby was cast alongside