The Batasang Pambansa (Batasan; English: National Assembly, lit. "National Legislature") was the former parliament of the Philippines, established as an interim assembly in 1978 and later as an official body in 1984. It was the second unicameral parliament in Philippine history, the first being the 1899 National Assembly of Representatives. Members of the Batasang Pambansa were called "Mambabatas Pambansa" (National Assemblyman), shortened to "MP".
The Batasan was instituted under the 1973 Constitution promulgated by then-President Ferdinand Marcos, replacing the earlier Congress of the Philippines established by the 1935 Commonwealth Constitution. It was abolished immediately after the People Power Revolution in 1986, and Congress was restored with the passage of the 1987 Constitution.
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- Website of the Philippine House of Representatives: Brief History of the Philippine Congress