|Coach(es)||Steve Hansen (Nov 2013)|
|Most appearances||Tony O'Reilly (30)|
|Top scorer||Tony O'Reilly (38 tries)|
Hartlepool Rovers 4–9 Barbarians|
(27 December 1890)
Belgium 10–84 Barbarians|
(24 May 2008)
Barbarians 8–59 British and Irish Lions|
(1 June 2013)
The Barbarian Football Club, usually referred to as the Barbarians and nicknamed the "Baa-Baas", is an invitational rugby union team based in Britain. The Barbarians play in traditional black and white hoops, though players retain the socks from their "home" club strip.
Membership is by invitation and the only qualifications considered when issuing an invitation are that the player's rugby is of a high enough standard and secondly that he should behave himself on and off the field. Being asked to become a Barbarian is an honour and not one restricted to British or Irish players. Consequently, players from 27 other countries have worn Barbarian colours. Traditionally at least one uncapped player is selected for each match.
The Barbarians traditionally played six annual encounters, Penarth, Cardiff, Swansea and Newport during their Easter Tour; a Boxing Day game with Leicester and the Mobbs Memorial Match against East Midlands in the spring. In 1948, the Barbarians were invited to face Australia as part of that team's tour of Britain, Ireland and France. Although initially designed as a fund raiser towards the end of the tour, the encounter became a popular fixture for most touring nations to Britain, and a Barbarian tradition.
On 29 May 2011, during halftime of the Barbarians' match against England at Twickenham, the Barbarians and their founder William Percy Carpmael were honoured for their unique contributions to the sport with induction to the IRB Hall of Fame.
The Barbarian Football Club should not be confused with the Barbarian Rugby Club, also known as the French Barbarians, one of many invitational clubs based on Barbarian F.C. around the world.
- 1 History
- 2 Penarth, Barbarians HQ
- 3 The Final Challenge
- 4 Past presidents
- 5 Traditional matches
- 6 1908 Olympic rugby union centenary celebration match
- 7 Matches against international sides
- 8 Squad for November test v Fiji
- 9 Previous squads
- 10 Notable players
- 11 See also
- 12 Bibliography
- 13 References
- 14 External links
The Barbarian Club was formed by William Percy Carpmael, who had played rugby for Cambridge University, and had been part of the Cambridge team which had undertaken a tour of Yorkshire in 1884. Inspired by the culture behind short rugby tours he organised his first tour in 1889 with Clapham Rovers, which was followed by an 1890 tour with an invitational team calling themselves the Southern Nomads. At the time practically every club ceased playing in early March and there were no tours and players just 'packed up' until the following season. In 1890 he took the Southern Nomads – mainly composed of players from Blackheath – on a tour of some northern counties of England.
His idea – collecting a touring side from all sources to tackle a few leading clubs in the land – received strong support from leading players, particularly ex-university players. On 9 April 1890, in Leuchters Restaurant and later at the Alexandra hotel in Bradford, the concept of the Barbarians was agreed upon. The team toured later that year and beat Hartlepool Rovers 9–4 on 27 December in their first fixture.
The team was given the motto by Walter Julius Carey, former Bishop of Bloemfontein and a former member of the Barbarians:
- Rugby Football is a game for gentlemen in all classes, but for no bad sportsman in any class.
Penarth, Barbarians HQ
The concept took hold over the years and the nearest thing to a club home came to be the Esplanade Hotel at Penarth in South Wales, where the Barbarians always stayed on their Easter tours of Wales. The annual Good Friday game against the Barbarians was the highlight of the Penarth club's year and was always attended by enthusiastic capacity crowds. This fixture marked the start of the "Baa-Baas'" annual South Wales tour from their "spiritual home" of Penarth, which also encompassed playing Cardiff RFC on the Saturday, Swansea RFC on Easter Monday and Newport RFC on the Tuesday.
The non-match day of Easter Sunday would always see the Barbarians playing golf at the Glamorganshire Golf Club, in Penarth, while the former Esplanade Hotel, which was located on the seafront at Penarth, would host the gala party for the trip, sponsored by the Penarth RFC club. The first match took place in 1901, and over the next 75 encounters, Penarth won eleven games, drew four and lost 60. Between 1920 and the first Athletics Field game in 1925, the Good Friday games were hosted on Penarth County Grammar School's sports field.
The final Penarth v Barbarians game was played in 1986, by which time the Penarth club had slipped from its former prominent position in Welsh rugby. However, a special commemorative game, recognising the 100 years since the first Good Friday match, took place in 2001 and was played at the Athletic Field next to the Penarth clubhouse the day before the Barbarians played Wales at the Millennium Stadium. Gary Teichmann, captain of both the South African International squad and the Barbarians, unveiled a plaque at the clubhouse to mark the event.
The Final Challenge
After the Second World War, in 1948, the Barbarians were asked by the British and Irish Unions to raise a side to play the touring Australian side. This started the tradition of the "Final Challenge" – played as the last match in a tour of Britain and Ireland by Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
That game, that try
The Barbarian Final Challenge match with the All Blacks at Cardiff Arms Park on 27 January 1973 is celebrated as one of the best games of rugby union ever played. It was a game of attack and counterattack.
Cliff Morgan described that try by Gareth Edwards:
- Kirkpatrick to Williams. This is great stuff! Phil Bennett covering chased by Alistair Scown. Brilliant, oh, that's brilliant! John Williams, Bryan Williams. Pullin. John Dawes, great dummy. To David, Tom David, the half-way line! Brilliant by Quinnell! This is Gareth Edwards! A dramatic start! What a score!!.....Oh that fellow Edwards....If the greatest writer of the written word would've written that story no-one would have believed it. That really was something.
Gareth Edwards said of the match:
The Barbarians won the match 23–11, handing the All Blacks their fourth defeat of the tour.
- Barbarians: Tries: G.O. Edwards, J.F. Slattery, J.C. Bevan, J.P.R. Williams; Conversions: P. Bennett (2); Penalty: P. Bennett
- All Blacks: Tries: G.B. Batty (2); Penalty: J.F. Karam
The office was first instituted in 1913:
- W.P. Carpmael, held office from 1913–1936; (the founder of the Barbarians)
- Emile de Lissa, held office from 1936–1955; associated as Secretary, Treasurer, Vice-President and President from 1901–1955
- Jack "Haigho" Smith, held office in 1955, (term lasted for only a few weeks before his death, having previously given devoted service as Honorary Secretary for more than 30 years)
- Brigadier Glyn Hughes, held office from 1955–1973;
- Herbert Waddell, held office from 1973–1988;
- Micky Steele-Bodger, held office since 1988.
The nature of the Barbarians as a touring side made for a diverse fixture list, but at a number of points in the club's history they have settled for a time into a regular pattern. Some of these regular matches have fallen by the wayside, whilst others continue to the present day:
- Boxing Day fixture against Leicester Tigers – this began in 1909 as the third and final match of the Christmas Tour. No longer played.
- The Edgar Mobbs Memorial Match – held for Edgar Mobbs, who was killed in The First World War. Played at Franklins Gardens against Northampton Saints, Bedford Blues or The East Midlands select XV. The first took place on 10 February 1921, and in later years became a tradition on the first Thursday in March. The last Mobbs Match to feature the Barbarians took place in April 2011. The fixture will continue, but the invited opposition in the future will be a British Army side instead of the Barbarians.
- Easter Tour – traditionally four matches against Penarth RFC (Good Friday), Cardiff RFC/Cardiff Blues (Easter Saturday); Swansea RFC (Easter Monday) and Newport RFC (Tuesday following Easter Monday). The Penarth match was dropped after the 1986 match as a regular fixture although in 2001 a special commemorative game, recognising the 100 years since the first Good Friday match, took place in 2001 and was played at the Athletic Field next to the Penarth clubhouse the day before the Barbarians played Wales at the Millennium Stadium.
- The Final Challenge — played as the last match in a tour of the UK by Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. Because of the changes in the game in recent years, long tours have effectively disappeared from the game and there is less scope for this challenge. The fixture returned on 3 December 2008 when the Barbarians played Australia at Wembley Stadium, the first rugby union match to be played there since its redevelopment.
- Remembrance Day game against the Combined Services, played in early November.
1908 Olympic rugby union centenary celebration match
Australia was approached by the British Olympic Association to play the Barbarians at Wembley Stadium on 3 December 2008. The match formed part of the BOA's programme of events to celebrate the centenary of the first London Olympic Games where Australia defeated a Great Britain (Cornwall) side in the final 32 – 3. In 1908 France were the defending Olympic champions, but when they withdrew from the event, leaving just Australia and Great Britain to contest the gold medal, it was then County champions Cornwall who took to the field to represent the host nation. Cornwall had already been defeated in Australia's earlier 31-match tour. Cornwall's 1908 contribution was also further recognised by the presentation of the Cornwall Cup to the winning captain at Wembley, with the players of the respective sides receiving gold or silver commemorative medals. The game was the first rugby union fixture to take place in the new Wembley Stadium, the old stadium having been last used for Wales' last gasp 32–31 victory over England in the then Five Nations in 1999. Australia went on to win 18 points to 11.
In a change to the tradition of the Barbarians players wearing their own club socks, in this game, they all wore Cornwall's black and gold socks. The break with the tradition was highly regarded by the secretary of the Cornwall Rugby Football Union, Alan Mitchell, who was said to have been humbled by the honour.
Matches against international sides
|Wales||26||10||Won||17 April 1915||Cardiff Arms Park||Cardiff|| Tour Match|
To raise 'patriotic funds'
|Australia||9||6||Won||31 January 1948||Cardiff Arms Park||Cardiff||Final Challenge|
|South Africa||3||17||Lost||26 January 1952||Cardiff Arms Park||Cardiff||Final Challenge|
|New Zealand||5||19||Lost||20 February 1954||Cardiff Arms Park||Cardiff||Final Challenge|
|Australia||11||6||Won||22 February 1958||Cardiff Arms Park||Cardiff||Final Challenge|
|East Africa||52||12||Won||28 May 1958||RFUEA Ground||Nairobi||Tour Match|
|South Africa||6||0||Won||4 February 1961||Cardiff Arms Park||Cardiff||Final Challenge|
|Canada||3||3||Draw||17 November 1962||Gosforth||Tour Match|
|New Zealand||3||36||Lost||15 February 1964||Cardiff Arms Park||Cardiff||Final Challenge|
|Australia||11||17||Lost||28 January 1967||Cardiff Arms Park||Cardiff||Final Challenge|
|New Zealand||6||11||Lost||16 December 1967||Twickenham||London||Final Challenge|
|Rhodesia||24||21||Won||26 May 1969||Police grounds||Salisbury||Tour Match|
|South Africa||12||21||Lost||31 January 1970||Twickenham||London||Tour Match|
|Scotland||17||33||Lost||9 May 1970||Murrayfield||Edinburgh|| Tour Match|
In aid of 1970 British Commonwealth Games
|Fiji||9||29||Lost||24 October 1970||Gosforth||Final Challenge|
|New Zealand||23||11||Won||27 January 1973||Cardiff Arms Park||Cardiff||Final Challenge|
|New Zealand||13||13||Draw||30 November 1974||Twickenham||London||Final Challenge|
|Australia||19||7||Won||24 January 1976||Cardiff Arms Park||Cardiff||Final Challenge|
|Canada||29||4||Won||12 June 1976||Toronto||Tour Match|
|British and Irish Lions||14||23||Lost||10 September 1977||Twickenham||London||Silver Jubilee Match|
|New Zealand||16||18||Lost||16 December 1978||Cardiff Arms Park||Cardiff||Final Challenge|
|Australia||30||37||Lost||15 December 1984||Cardiff Arms Park||Cardiff||Final Challenge|
|Italy||23||15||Won||26 May 1985||Tour Match|
|Australia||22||40||Lost||26 November 1988||Cardiff Arms Park||Cardiff||Final Challenge|
|New Zealand||10||21||Lost||25 November 1989||Twickenham||London||Final Challenge|
|England||16||18||Lost||29 September 1990||Twickenham|| Tour Match|
|Wales||31||24||Won||6 October 1990||Cardiff Arms Park||Cardiff|| Tour Match|
|Argentina||34||22||Won||17 November 1990||Cardiff Arms Park||Cardiff||Final Challenge|
|Scotland||16||16||Draw||7 September 1991||Murrayfield||Edinburgh||Tour Match|
|Russia||23||27||Lost||6 June 1992||Lokomotiv||Moscow||Tour Match|
|Australia||20||30||Lost||28 November 1992||Twickenham||London||Final Challenge|
|New Zealand||12||25||Lost||4 December 1993||Cardiff Arms Park||Cardiff||Final Challenge|
|Zimbabwe||21||23||Lost||4 June 1994||Tour Match|
|South Africa||23||15||Won||3 December 1994||Lansdowne Road||Dublin||Final Challenge|
|Ireland||70||38||Won||1996||Lansdowne Road||Dublin|| Tour Match|
|Scotland||45||48||Lost||17 August 1996||Murrayfield||Edinburgh|| Tour Match|
Dunblane Disaster Fund Match
|Wales||10||31||Lost||24 August 1996||Cardiff Arms Park||Cardiff|| Tour Match|
Fully capped match for Wales
|Australia||12||39||Lost||7 December 1996||Twickenham||London||Final Challenge|
|Ireland||31||30||Won||May 2000||Lansdowne Road||Dublin||Tour Match|
|Scotland||45||42||Won||31 May 2000||Murrayfield||Edinburgh||Tour Match|
|Germany||47||19||Won||12 August 2000||Eilenriedestadion||Hanover|| Tour Match|
German Rugby Federation Centenary Match
|South Africa||31||41||Lost||10 December 2000||Millennium Stadium||Cardiff||Final Challenge|
|Wales||40||38||Won||20 May 2001||Millennium Stadium||Cardiff||Tour Match|
|Scotland||74||31||Won||24 May 2001||Murrayfield||Edinburgh||Tour Match|
|England||43||29||Won||27 May 2001||Twickenham||Tour Match|
|Australia||35||49||Lost||28 November 2001||Millennium Stadium||Cardiff||Final Challenge|
|England||29||53||Lost||May 2002||Twickenham||Tour Match|
|Wales||40||25||Won||May 2002||Millennium Stadium||Cardiff||Tour Match|
|Scotland||47||27||Won||June 2002||Murrayfield||Edinburgh||Tour Match|
|England||49||36||Won||May 2003||Twickenham||Tour Match|
|Scotland||24||15||Won||May 2003||Murrayfield||Edinburgh||Tour Match|
|Wales||48||35||Won||May 2003||Millennium Stadium||Cardiff||Tour Match|
|Scotland||40||33||Won||22 May 2004||Murrayfield||Edinburgh||Tour Match|
|Wales||0||42||Lost||27 May 2004||Ashton Gate||Bristol||Tour Match|
|England||32||12||Won||30 May 2004||Twickenham||Tour Match|
|Portugal||66||34||Won||10 June 2004||Universitário Lisboa||Lisbon||Tour Match|
|New Zealand||19||47||Lost||4 December 2004||Twickenham||London||Final Challenge|
|Scotland||9||38||Lost||24 May 2005||Pittodrie||Aberdeen||Tour Match|
|England||52||39||Won||28 May 2005||Twickenham||Tour Match|
|England||19||46||Lost||28 May 2006||Twickenham||Tour Match|
|Scotland||19||66||Lost||31 May 2006||Murrayfield||Edinburgh||Tour Match|
|Georgia||28||19||Won||4 June 2006||Mikheil Meskhi Stadium||Tbilisi||Tour Match|
|Tunisia||33||10||Won||19 May 2007||Stade El Menzah||Tunis||Tour Match|
|Spain||52||26||Won||23 June 2007||Martínez Valero||Elche||Tour Match|
|South Africa||22||5||Won||1 December 2007||Twickenham||London||Final Challenge|
|Belgium||84||10||Won||24 May 2008||Stade Roi Baudouin||Brussels||Tour Match|
|Ireland||14||39||Lost||27 May 2008||Kingsholm||Gloucester||Tour Match|
|England||14||17||Lost||1 June 2008||Twickenham||London||Tour Match|
|Australia||11||18||Lost||3 December 2008||Wembley Stadium||London||Final Challenge / Cornwall Cup|
|England||35||26||Lost||3 May 2009||Twickenham||London||Tour Match |
|Australia||7||55||Lost||6 June 2009||Sydney Football Stadium||Sydney||Tour Match |
|New Zealand||25||18||Won||5 December 2009||Twickenham||London||Final Challenge|
|England||26||35||Lost||30 May 2010||Twickenham||London||Tour Match|
|Ireland||29||23||Won||4 June 2010||Thomond Park||Limerick||Tour Match|
|South Africa||26||20||Won||4 December 2010||Twickenham||London||Final Challenge|
|England||38||32||Won||29 May 2011||Twickenham||London||Tour Match|
|Wales||31||28||Won||4 June 2011||Millennium Stadium||Cardiff|| Tour Match|
Celebration of 130th anniversary of the WRU; fully capped match for Wales
|Australia||11||60||Lost||26 November 2011||Twickenham||London||Final Challenge|
|England||26||57||Lost||27 May 2012||Twickenham||London||Tour Match|
|Ireland||29||28||Won||29 May 2012||Kingsholm Stadium||Gloucester||Tour Match|
|Wales||21||30||Lost||2 June 2012||Millennium Stadium||Cardiff|| Tour Match|
Fully capped match for Wales
|England||12||40||Lost||26 May 2013||Twickenham||London||Tour Match|
|British and Irish Lions||8||59||Lost||1 June 2013||Hong Kong Stadium||Hong Kong||Lions Tour Match |
|Fiji||30 November 2013||Twickenham||London||Tour Match|
|British and Irish Lions||2||0||2||0||0.00%|
Squad for November test v Fiji
Barbarians squad (as of 18 September) for the test against Fiji during the 2013 end-of-year rugby union tests
Note: Bold denotes players that have represented the Barbarians in previous tours.
The 16 players chosen by the Barbarians official website as the outstanding players to represent the club.
Original members of the Barbarians, 1890–1891
- England international, Scotland international, Wales international, British Isles international
- Oxon. – Oxford University player, Cantab. – Cambridge University player
- Barbarian Rugby Club French Barbarians
- Brussels Barbarians
- New Zealand Barbarians
- South African Barbarians
- Madrid Barbarians RFC
- Official site
- Barbarians history from the BBC
- Barbarians history from scrum.com
- Barbarians International Matches
- Barbarians rugby union news from Planet Rugby