Back in the U.S.S.R.

Back in the U.S.S.R.

"Back in the U.S.S.R."
Song by The Beatles from the album The Beatles
Released 22 November 1968 (1968-11-22)
Recorded 22–23 August 1968, EMI Studios, London
Genre Rock and roll,[1] hard rock[2]
Length 2:43
Label Apple
Writer Lennon–McCartney
Producer George Martin
The Beatles track listing
"Back in the U.S.S.R."
Cover to 1969 Swedish single
Single by The Beatles
B-side "Don't Pass Me By"
Released March 1969
Label Apple
The Beatles Sweden and Denmark singles chronology
"Hey Jude"
(1968)
"Back in the U.S.S.R."
(1969)
"Get Back"
(1969)
The Beatles Norway singles chronology
"Get Back"
(1969)
"Back in the U.S.S.R."
(1969)
"The Ballad of John and Yoko"
(1969)
"Back in the U.S.S.R."
Cover to 1976 UK single
Single by The Beatles
B-side "Twist and Shout"
Released 25 June 1976
Label Parlophone
The Beatles chronology
"Yesterday"
(1976)
"Back in the U.S.S.R."
(1976)
"Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" /
"With a Little Help from My Friends"
(1978)

"Back in the U.S.S.R." is a 1968 song by The Beatles. It is credited to the songwriting partnership Lennon–McCartney, and written by Paul McCartney.[3] The song opens the double-disc album The Beatles, also known as The White Album, and then segues into the album's next song, "Dear Prudence".

Contents

  • Overview 1
  • Writing and composition 2
  • Recording 3
    • Internal struggles 3.1
  • Release 4
  • Controversy 5
  • Political reception 6
  • Personnel 7
  • Variations 8
  • Cover versions 9
  • Notes 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12

Overview

The song opens and closes with the sounds of a jet aircraft flying overhead and refers to a "dreadful" flight back to the U.S.S.R. from Miami Beach in the United States, on board a BOAC aeroplane. Propelled throughout by McCartney's uptempo piano playing and lead guitar riffs,[4] the lyrics tell of the singer's great happiness on returning home, where "the Ukraine girls really knock me out" and the "Moscow girls make me sing and shout" and are invited to "Come and keep your comrade warm". He also looks forward to hearing the sound of "balalaikas ringing out".[3][5]

Writing and composition

Paul McCartney wrote the song while the Beatles were in [6] In 2013, Love noted, "I was at the breakfast table when Paul McCartney came down with his acoustic guitar playing "Back in the U.S.S.R.". I said, "You ought to put something in about all the girls around Russia," and he did."[7]

The song also contains an allusion to ) right after "the Ukraine girls" and "Moscow girls." McCartney thought that when he listened to the Beach Boys, it sounded like California, so he decided to write a song that "sounded" like the U.S.S.R. The title was inspired in part by the I'm Backing Britain campaign that had been endorsed by British Prime Minister Harold Wilson. It has been suggested that McCartney twisted that into "I'm back in (backin') the U.S.S.R."[8]

In his 1984 interview with Playboy, McCartney said:

I wrote that as a kind of Beach Boys parody. And "Back in the USA" was a Chuck Berry song, so it kinda took off from there. I just liked the idea of Georgia girls and talking about places like the Ukraine as if they were California, you know? It was also hands across the water, which I'm still conscious of. 'Cause they like us out there, even though the bosses in the Kremlin may not. The kids from there do. And that to me is very important for the future of the race.[9]

Recording

Five takes were recorded of the backing track, featuring McCartney on drums, Harrison on electric guitar, and Lennon on Fender Bass VI. Take 5 was chosen as "best". The exact order of overdubs is not clear. McCartney recorded a full drum performance on Track 2, with no other instrumental contributions by Lennon or Harrison. On Track 3, McCartney played bass while Harrison played the Bass VI, sometimes doubling McCartney's bass line and sometimes playing full chords. (This capability was one of the benefits of the Bass VI; it could be played as a bass or as a regular 6-string guitar.) While they were playing their parts, Lennon overdubbed snare on the off-beats for the entire duration of the song without a single deviation or fill. This performance was basically duplicated on Track 1, possibly wiping the original backing track in the process. On Track 4, McCartney contributed a piano performance, while Lennon and Harrison provided more bass and electric guitar. With all four tracks, a reduction was made into Take 6, combining Tracks 1 and 3 into a single track and tracks 3 and 4 into another. On the remaining two tracks, McCartney recorded his lead vocal – double tracked in places – while Lennon and Harrison contributed handclaps and Beach Boys-styled backing vocals.[10]

Internal struggles

The Beatles sessions allowed the four members to work on separate projects at the same time and, as a result, kept tensions to a minimum. However, tempers flared during the recording session on 22 August 1968, and Ringo Starr walked out and announced that he had quit.[11]

"Back in the U.S.S.R." and "[12] The Beach Boys played the song when Ringo Starr joined them for a live show. It is the only time he is known to have performed the song; however, Starr appeared in the animated song clip shown on The Beatles: Rock Band.

After the other Beatles urged him to return, Starr rejoined the group almost two weeks later on 4 September 1968 when he participated in the filming of a promotional video for "

External links

  • Campbell, Micheal (2008). Rock and Roll: An Introduction: An Introduction. Cengage Learning.  
  •  
  • "Back in the U.S.S.R". The Beatles Bible. 2009. Archived from the original on 21 December 2009. Retrieved 28 November 2009. 
  • Goodman, Joan (December 1984). "Playboy Interview with Paul McCartney".  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • Pinch, Emma (6 March 2009). "Marc Sinden on John Lennon: We were in the presence of God". Liverpool Daily Post. Archived from the original on 10 March 2009. Retrieved 7 March 2009. 
  •  
  • Turner, Steve (2009). The Beatles: The Stories Behind The Songs 1967–1970. Carlton Books Limited 2009.  

References

  1. ^ Campbell 2008, p. 175.
  2. ^ Bohannon, John (21 December 1968). "An in-depth Look at the Songs on Side-One". Rolling Stone. The White Album Project. Retrieved 28 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Miles 1997, pp. 422–423.
  4. ^ . The Beatles Bible title=23 August 1968: Recording, mixing: Back In The USSR http://www.beatlesbible.com/1968/08/23/recording-mixing-back-in-the-ussr/ title=23 August 1968: Recording, mixing: Back In The USSR . Retrieved 21 January 2014. 
  5. ^ Aldridge 1990, p. 49.
  6. ^ The Beatles Bible 2009.
  7. ^ Simpson, Dave. "'"The Beach Boys' Mike Love: 'There are a lot of fallacies about me. The Guardian. Retrieved 5 July 2012. 
  8. ^ a b MacDonald 2005, pp. 309–310.
  9. ^ Goodman 1984.
  10. ^ Revolution in the Head by Ian MacDonald
  11. ^ a b Lewisohn 1988, p. 151.
  12. ^ a b Lewisohn 1988, pp. 151–153.
  13. ^ "'"85 – 'Back in the USSR. 100 Greatest Beatles Songs. Rolling Stone. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  14. ^ Pinch 2009.
  15. ^ "Back in the U.S.S.R. / Don't Pass Me By". rateyourmusic.com. Retrieved 16 August 2010. 
  16. ^ "Back In The U.S.S.R. b/w Twist And Shout". Graham Calkin's Beatles Pages. Graham Calkin. Retrieved 16 August 2010. 
  17. ^ a b c d O'Flynn, Kevin (26 May 2003). "Paul McCartney Finally Back in the U.S.S.R.". The Moscow Times. Retrieved 16 August 2010. 
  18. ^ Turner 2009, p. 86.
  19. ^ Wiener 1991, p. 63.
  20. ^ Turner 2009, p. 68.

Notes

Cover versions

On The Beatles album, the end of "Back in the U.S.S.R" is cross-faded with the start of the next track "Dear Prudence". On The Beatles 1967–1970, "Back in the U.S.S.R" fades out before the cross fade of Dear Prudence starts. This is also the case on the remixed version of the song from Love.

Variations

Personnel per Ian MacDonald[8] and Mark Lewisohn.[11]

Personnel

Like "Revolution" and "Piggies",[18] "Back in the U.S.S.R." prompted immediate responses from the New Left and Far Right, who claimed the group were "pro-Soviet". As further evidence of The Beatles' supposed "pro-Soviet" sentiments, the John Birch Society magazine cited the song.[19] "Back in the U.S.S.R." shocked many conservatives in the United States, because the song appeared to be praising the US's enemy, the North Vietnamese. The line "You don't know how lucky you are, boys" left many anti-communist groups speechless.[20]

Political reception

During the 1960s, The Beatles were officially derided in the USSR as the "belch of Western culture" and in the 1980s McCartney was refused permission to play there.[17] According to The Moscow Times, when McCartney finally got to play the song at his Back in the World tour in Moscow's Red Square in May 2003 at the age of 60 "the crowd went wild".[17] When asked about the song before the concert McCartney said he had known little about the Soviet Union when he wrote it. "It was a mystical land then," he said. "It's nice to see the reality. I always suspected that people had big hearts. Now I know that's true."[17] "Finally we got to do that one here," he said after the song.[17]

Controversy

"Back in the U.S.S.R." was released by Apple as a 1969 single in Scandinavia, backed with "Don't Pass Me By".[15] A British single of the song was also released by Parlophone as a single in 1976. It featured the song "Twist and Shout" on Side B.[16]

Release

[14] (who appears in the film) recalls Lennon playing a song on his acoustic guitar. "Everyone went 'Wow' ... Filming started before we could ask what it was. When it was later released, we realised it was Back in the USSR."Marc Sinden During a break in the filming of the "Hey Jude" video, [13]