Azerbaijani nationality law

Azerbaijani nationality law

Coat of arms of Azerbaijan
The flag of Azerbaijan

The Azerbaijani nationality law is a nationality law which determines who is a citizen of Azerbaijan.

Current law

The current citizenship law is guided by the 1995 Constitution of Azerbaijan and, more importantly, the Law of Azerbaijan on Citizenship of the Republic of Azerbaijan, which was adopted on September 30, 1998.[1] It is based primarily on the principle of jus sanguinis.[2] It includes the right of citizenship for Azerbaijani refugees from Armenia and for ethnic Azerbaijanis from the rest of the world. Dual citizenship is not recognized by the Republic of Azerbaijan.[2]

Nationality by birth

Azerbaijan is a jus sanguinis state as opposed to jus soli state, meaning that it attributes citizenship by blood but not by location of birth.[2] However, Azerbaijani nationality is also defined by citizenship and not only by descent. The birth of a foreign person within the territory of Azerbaijan does not automatically confer Azerbaijani citizenship on him or her,[2] even though there is a provision that provides them the right to obtain Azerbaijani citizenship.

The Azerbaijani nationality law provides provisions in which a person can automatically become an Azerbaijani citizen at birth:

  • When at least one of the parents is a citizen of Azerbaijan.[2]
  • When the person born abroad is of an Azerbaijani father and foreign mother, and if the mother does not object.[2]
  • When the person is born within the territory of Azerbaijan and both parents are unknown or stateless.[2]

Dual nationality

Azerbaijan does not have any laws or legislations that prohibit dual citizenship. In fact, Article 53 of the Constitution states that the government cannot deprive you of your citizenship under any circumstances. It is a common misconception that your Azerbaijani citizenship will be revoked upon acquisition of another citizenship, but is is totally false. When it is said that Azerbaijan does not recognize dual citizenship, it simply means that Azerbaijani citizens are only recognized as such; in other words, you other citizenship is not recognized, but ii is not prohibited to have it.

Loss of citizenship

Voluntary renunciation of Azerbaijani citizenship is permitted by law. Likewise the recovery of Azerbaijani citizenship is also permitted by law, if the person renounces his or her foreign citizenship.

References

  1. ^ Two English translations of the law of Azerbaijan on Citizenship of the Republic of Azerbaijan: [1] [2] and text in Azeri: Azərbaycan Respublikasının vətəndaşlığı haqqında
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Azerbaijani law on citizenship

External links

  • Texts of the Azerbaijani law on citizenship
  • Azerbaijani law on citizenship