Arabic text · English translation
|Other names||Al-Bara'ah (Dispensation)Center for Muslim-Jewish Engagement|
|Position||Juzʼ 10 to 11|
|Hizb number||19 to 21|
|Number of verses||129|
|Number of Sajdahs||none|
|Number of words||2001|
Sūrat at-Tawbah (Arabic: سورة التوبة, "The Repentance") also known as al-Bara'ah "the Ultimatum" in many hadith is the ninth chapter of the Qur'an, with 129 verses. It is one of the last Madinan Suras. It is the only Sura of the Qur'an that does not begin with the bismillah. This sura was revealed at the time of the Battle of Tabuk.
Verse 37 documents the prohibition of Nasīʾ. This prohibition was repeated by Muhammad during the last sermon on Mount Arafat which was delivered during the Farewell Pilgrimage to Mecca on 9 Dhu al-Hijja 10 AH.
According to Zayd ibn Thabit, when the Qu'ran was first being compiled, he found the last verses of this sura in the possession of Abu'l-Khuzayma al-Ansari and no one else. In another account, Ubay ibn Ka'b informed Zayd that the Prophet taught him the end of this sura and recited the same verses. Some, like Ibn Hazm, suggested that Abu Khuzayma was the only one to have the last verses in written form, as Zayd and others had memorized them.
- Uzair, discusses the controversy of verse 30 of this surah.
- Muḥammad ibn Ismāʻīl Bukhārī, Sahih al-Bukhari, Peace Vision, 1971 p.1727.
- F. E. Peters, A Reader on Classical Islam, Princeton University Press 1993 p.180.
- Ahmad Ali Al-Imam, Variant Readings of the Qurʼan: A Critical Study of Their Historical and Linguistic Origins, International Institute of Islamic Thought, 2006 pp.28-29.