Asa Griggs Candler

Asa Griggs Candler

Asa Griggs Candler
Born Asa Griggs Candler
(1851-12-30)December 30, 1851
Villa Rica, Georgia
Died March 12, 1929(1929-03-12) (aged 77)
Nationality American
Occupation businessman
Known for Coca-Cola
Home town Villa Rica
Spouse(s) Lucy Elizabeth Howard (1878–1919)
Children 4

Asa Griggs Candler (December 30, 1851 – March 12, 1929) was an American business tycoon who established the Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, was named after him, as is Candler Park in Atlanta.

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • Legacy 2
  • Mansions 3
  • Children 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • Further reading 7

Biography

Candler was born on December 30, 1851 in Warren Akin Candler, who became president of Emory. Candler also gave millions to what would later become Emory Hospital. The school's original library now houses classrooms and a reading room named for him, as well as endowed chairs in the school's chemistry department.

In 1906 he completed Atlanta's then-tallest building, the Candler Building,[2] whose intricately detailed 17 stories still stands at Peachtree and Auburn.[3] In 1912 the Candler Building in New York opened.

Candler was elected mayor of Atlanta in 1916 (taking office in 1917) and ended his day-to-day management of the Coca-Cola Company. As mayor he balanced the city budget and coordinated rebuilding efforts after the Druid Hills holdings to the City of Atlanta for what became Candler Park.

Asa Candler suffered a stroke in 1926 and died on March 12, 1929. He is buried at Westview Cemetery in southwest Atlanta.

Legacy

The [4]

The "Candler Building" on the northeast corner of East Pratt Street and Market Place in eastern downtown Baltimore, still retains his name. The brick industrial styled building faces the waterfront of the "Basin" (later the famed "Inner Harbor"), of the Baltimore Harbor on the Northwest Branch of the Patapsco River. Used as a regional headquarters for the Coca Cola Bottling Company, the structure was known for having brass door knobs engraved with "CC" for the company. Between the late 1930s and 1960, the building served as the national headquarters of the new Social Security Administration, authorized under the "Social Security Act" of 1935, under the "New Deal" programs of the administration of 32nd President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

In 1960, the SSA moved to larger suburban campus in western Baltimore County at Woodlawn, off the then under-construction "Baltimore Beltway" of Interstate 695.

By 2000's as the old waterfront area and municipal piers area were being redeveloped from commercial and industrial uses, the Candler Building was renovated for offices and some apartments/condos, with the nearby "Power Plant Live!" development of the David Cordish Company (of famed national commercial developer David S. Cordish), from the old massive streetcar coal-burning power-generating plant from 1900, across the street, into an entertainment and retail destination and district, where the former old Centre Market (also known as "Marsh Market" for the ancient colonial Harrison's Marsh on the site), with its three neighboring buildings for wholesale fish, produce and dry goods, the oldest of the city's eleven municipal market houses, since 1760's.

Asa Candler was also a philanthropist, endowing numerous schools and universities as well as the Candler Hospital in Savannah, Georgia.

Callan Castle in Inman Park
Candler mansion (built 1916) at 1500 Ponce de Leon Avenue in Druid Hills
John Chrysostom Melkite Church, 2012

Mansions

Callan Castle, the Candler home in Inman Park, built from 1902 to 1904, still stands as a private home.

His later mansion at 1500 Ponce de Leon Avenue, Druid Hills, built in 1916 eventually became John Chrysostom Melkite Greek Catholic Church.[5]

Children

  • Asa's eldest son, Druid Hills, now a fine arts center.
  • The second son, Asa G. Candler, Jr. (1880–1953), eccentric, alcoholic and depressed, became a real-estate developer, opening the Briarcliff Hotel. His Briarcliff mansion and estate—also on Briarcliff Road in Druid Hills—was turned into an alcohol rehab center, then a psychiatric hospital, and is now Emory's Briarcliff campus. Asa Jr.'s menagerie of animals enabled a major expansion of Zoo Atlanta in the 1930s.
  • Third son, Walter T. Candler (1885–1967), businessman, philanthropist, and horse sportsman. His Lullwater House is now the residence of the Emory President, a park, and land used for the Veterans Administration complex in Druid Hills.
  • Only daughter Lucy (1882–1962) became Lucy Beall Candler Owens Heinz Leide. Her husband, banker and Kiwanis president Henry Heinz was shot by a burglar in their mansion, Rainbow Terrace, in 1943,[6] though rumours persisted that a relative murdered him.[7] She later married cellist and conductor Enrico Leide, who founded a forerunner of the present Atlanta Symphony Orchestra.

See also

References

  1. ^ Bonner, James C. Georgia's Last Frontier: The Development of Caroll County. Retrieved October 2013. 
  2. ^ Kemp, Kathryn W. (2002-09-03). "Asa Candler (1851-1929)". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Georgia Humanities Council. Archived from the original on 2007-11-13. Retrieved 2009-01-16. 
  3. ^ Candler Building—Atlanta: A National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary
  4. ^ http://www.peachstateaero.com/museum
  5. ^ "Candler Mansion". St. John's Chrysostom Melkite Church. Archived from the original on 2007-11-14. Retrieved 2009-01-16. Before all of this present and holy utilization of thi place, this [...] mansion [...] was formerly the home of Asa Candler 
  6. ^ , September 29, 1943Paineseville Telegraph"Husband of Coca Cola Heiress is Slain by Burglar",
  7. ^ , p.133For God, country and Coca-ColaMark Pendergrast,

Further reading

  • Kemp, Kathryn W. (2002). God's Capitalist: Asa Candler of Coca-Cola. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press.  
  • Allen, Frederick (1994). Secret Formula: How Brilliant Marketing and Relentless Salesmanship Made Coca-Cola the Best-Known Product in the World. New York: HarperBusiness.  
  • Candler, Charles Howard (1950). Asa Griggs Candler. Georgia: Emory University.  
Preceded by
James G. Woodward
Mayor of Atlanta
1917–1919
Succeeded by
James L. Key