Aminopropionitrile

Aminopropionitrile

Aminopropionitrile
Identifiers
CAS number  Y
PubChem
ChemSpider  Y
UNII  Y
EC number
KEGG  Y
MeSH
ChEBI  Y
RTECS number UG0350000
ATCvet code QM01
Beilstein Reference 1698848
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C3H6N2
Molar mass 70.09 g mol−1
Appearance Colourless liquid
Boiling point 79 to 81 °C; 174 to 178 °F; 352 to 354 K at 2.1 kPa
Related compounds
Related alkanenitriles
Related compounds DBNPA
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)

Aminopropionitrile, also known as β-aminopropionitrile (BAPN), is an organic compound with both amine and nitrile functional groups. It is an antirheumatic agent in veterinary medicine. It can cause osteolathyrism, neurolathyrism, and/or angiolathyrism.[2]

Aminopropionitrile is prepared by the reaction of ammonia with acrylonitrile.[3]

BAPN is a component of lathyrus odoratus.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Aminopropionitrile - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 25 March 2005. Retrieved 7 June 2012. 
  2. ^ Nikolaos Papadantonakis, Shinobu Matsuura, and Katya Ravid. "Megakaryocyte pathology and bone marrow fibrosis: the lysyl oxidase connection". Blood 120 (9): 1774–1781. BAPN is a lathyrogen, the toxic constituent of peas from Lathyrus plants. Lathyrism, a disease known for centuries, encompasses 2 distinct entities: a disorder of the nervous system (neurolathyrism) leading to limb paralysis, and a disorder of connective tissue, causing either bone deformity (osteolathyrism) or aortic aneurisms (angiolathyrim). BAPN causes osteolathyrism and angiolathyrism when ingested in large quantities. 
  3. ^ Karsten Eller, Erhard Henkes, Roland Rossbacher, Hartmut Höke "Amines, Aliphatic" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2005. doi:10.1002/14356007.a02_001
  4. ^ "Lathyrus". Washington, DC: American Association for Clinical Chemistry. 2014. Retrieved 15 October 2014. Beta-amino-propionitrile (BAPN) found in lathyrus odoratus (our more common garden sweet pea plant) is thought to be responsible for osteolathyrism, which in humans is quite poorly documented.