Alfred H. Colquitt

Alfred H. Colquitt

Alfred H. Colquitt
United States Senator
from Georgia
In office
March 4, 1883 – March 26, 1894
Preceded by Middleton P. Barrow
Succeeded by Patrick Walsh
49th Governor of Georgia
In office
January 12, 1877 – November 4, 1882
Preceded by James M. Smith
Succeeded by Alexander H. Stephens
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 2nd district
In office
March 4, 1853 – March 3, 1855
Preceded by James Johnson
Succeeded by Martin J. Crawford
Personal details
Born Alfred Holt Colquitt
(1824-04-20)April 20, 1824
Died March 26, 1894(1894-03-26) (aged 69)
Washington, D.C.
Political party Democratic
Military service
Allegiance  Confederate States of America
 United States
Service/branch  Confederate States Army
Years of service 1861–1865
Rank Major general

Alfred Holt Colquitt (April 20, 1824 – March 26, 1894) was a lawyer, preacher, soldier, Confederate army, reaching the rank of major general.

Life and career

Portrait of Colquitt as a brigadier general, from a newspaper published in Richmond in 1863

Alfred Colquitt was born in Princeton College in 1844, studied law and passed his bar examination in 1846.

He began practicing law in Monroe. During the Ordinance of Secession on January 19, 1861.

At the beginning of the Peninsula Campaign and the Seven Days' Battles. He rose through the ranks to become a brigadier general in 1862. He led his brigade under Stonewall Jackson in the Battle of South Mountain, Battle of Antietam, the Battle of Fredericksburg, and the Battle of Chancellorsville. After Chancellorsville, some questions arose about Colquitt's performance during that battle, and his brigade was transferred to North Carolina in exchange for another. His brigade was transferred again in the summer of 1863 to protect Charleston, South Carolina. In February 1864, Colquitt marched his brigade south to help defend against the Union invasion of Florida, and was victorious in the Battle of Olustee. After this battle, Colquitt's brigade rejoined Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Late in the war, the brigade returned to defend North Carolina, where Colquitt surrendered in 1865.

After returning to political life, Colquitt in 1876 defeated Republican candidate Reconstruction. Around that time,