AMA Supercross Championship
|Classes||450SX, 250SX East, 250SX West, KTM Junior|
|Constructors||Honda · Kawasaki · KTM · Suzuki · Yamaha • Husqvarna Motorcycles|
|Riders' champion||Ryan Dungey|
|Teams' champion||Red Bull KTM|
Supercross is a motorcycle racing sport involving off-road motorcycles on an artificially-made dirt track consisting of steep jumps and obstacles. Professional supercross contest races are held almost exclusively within professional baseball and football stadiums, although one contest is held at a major motorsport venue (Daytona International Speedway) in the island that separates pit lane from the circuit.
- History 1
- Competition 2
- Arenacross 3
- World Supercross Championship winners by year 4
- AMA Supercross Championship winners by year 5
- Riders with most wins 6
- Venues 7
- See also 8
- External links 9
- References 10
Supercross is a very technical sport. Supercross was derived of Motocross. While Motocross and Supercross are similar in many respects, there are significant differences as well. For example, the Supercross races are heavily advertised and televised motorsports events held within major cities.
The sport Supercross is tailored to the TV spectator, as result of widespread television coverage, as its target market. The term "Supercross" was coined as the event name for the first organized motocross race that was successfully held inside a stadium in the United States. In 1972, racing promoter Clear Channel, who in 2004 contributed expertise in filming on-track gate event competition for Supercross.
While growing consistently since the '70s, in the early part of the 21st Century Supercross' popularity really took off. In the United States, Supercross races today are the second most popular form of motorsport (behind
The AMA series begins in early January and continues until mid-May. It consists of 17 rounds in the 450cc Class, and 8 rounds in 250cc West Class and 8 rounds in the 250cc East Class, which the final round has the East-West Shootout in May, and 14 major stadia and one permanent racing circuit (in a temporary stadium setup) all over North America.
Each meet is structured similarly to Short track motor racing with two heat races and a consolation race in each class. In the 450cc class, each heat race is eight laps, while in the 250cc class, each heat race is six laps. Each heat features 20 riders (one may have 21 riders depending on qualifying results), with the top nine advancing to the feature. The other 22-23 riders are relegated to the consolation race, known as the Last Chance Qualifier, which is four laps in the 250cc class and six laps in the 450cc class, with the top two (top four in 250cc Class until 2008) advancing to the feature. In 2014, the number of riders taken from each heat in the 450cc class was reduced to four, with a pair of semis being added from which five additional riders would transfer and the remaining riders going from there to the consolation race.
In the 450cc class, the highest placed competitor in points, provided he is in the top ten in national points, and has yet to qualify after either heat race or consolation race, will receive a provisional for the feature race. The feature race is 15 laps in the 250cc class, and 20 laps for the 450cc class, with 25 championship points for the race win.
Officials may shorten the feature race in inclement weather conditions to 10 and 15 laps, respectively, depending on the class if necessary.
For the season-ending East-West Shootout at Las Vegas for the 250cc class starting in May 2011, each region's top 20 will race in the non-championship event for a 15-lap heat race. Standard rules apply, with the feature race being 10 laps.
Starting with the 2012 Season, riders who are in first place in the Series' Points Lead will use the red plate to race in the Series.
If at any point during the Heat Races, LCQs or the Feature Races, that the race is red-flagged within less than 3 laps, the race will be a complete restart. However, if the race is red-flagged with more than 3 laps completed but less than 90% of the total race distance and after a minimum of a 10-minute delay, the race will be a staggered restart with riders lined up from the previous lap they went.
AX stands for 'Arenacross", which consists essentially of Supercross-style courses that are downsized even further and placed into smaller venues such as ice hockey and basketball stadiums. The popularity of Arenacross is growing however, since smaller cities that do not have a large football or baseball stadium can host Arenacross races.
The AMA is using AMA Amsoil Arenacross series as a way for riders to transition from amateur racing to Supercross. Many Supercross privateers race Arenacross. Some of the top racers of Arenacross include:
- Kyle Regal (Hus)
- Tyler Bowers (Kaw)
- Jeff Gibson (KTM)
- Zach Ames (Kaw)
- Kelly Smith (KTM)
- Mike McDade (Kaw)
- Nathan Skaggs (KTM)
- Willy Browning (KTM)
- Gared Steinke (Kaw)
World Supercross Championship winners by year
Conceived in 2003; merged with AMA series prior to the 2008 season.
|2009||James Stewart, Jr.|
|2007||James Stewart, Jr.|
|2006||James Stewart, Jr.|
AMA Supercross Championship winners by year
Merged with World Supercross Championship in 2008.
Riders with most wins
- 450 SX
|James Stewart Jr.||50|
- List of Grand Prix motocross world champions
- List of AMA motocross national champions
- List of Trans-AMA motocross champions
- Outline of motorcycles and motorcycling
- Feld Motorsports Monster Energy AMA Supercross official website
- AMA Supercross Championship official website
- Motorcycling Australia Supercross site
- "Taking Motocross to the people". motorcyclemuseum.org. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
- "The First Supercross". motorcyclistonline.com. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
- 2003 World Supercross at MotoSM.com
- 2004 World & AMA Supercross at MotoSM.com
- 2005 World & AMA Supercross at MotoSM.com
- AMA Supercross Champions (USA) / SX / 450 (4-stroke) / 250 (4-stroke and 2-stroke) at motorsportsetc.com
- AMA Supercross Lites West Champions (USA) / SX / 250 (4-stroke) / 125 (4-stroke and 2-stroke) at motorsportsetc.com
- AMA Supercross Lites East Champions (USA) / SX / 250 (4-stroke) / 125 (2-stroke) at motorsportsetc.com
- AMA Supercross 500 Champions (USA) / SX (2-stroke) at motorsportsetc.com
- 2015 AMA Supercross media guide
- The Vault - Racer X Online
- MotoXindia.com, additional text.