19th United States Congress

19th United States Congress

19th United States Congress
18th ← → 20th

United States Capitol (1827)

Duration: March 4, 1825 – March 4, 1827

Senate President: John C. Calhoun
Senate Pres. pro tem: John Gaillard
Nathaniel Macon
House Speaker: John W. Taylor
Members: 48 Senators
213 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Jackson Men
House Majority: Anti-Jackson

Sessions
Special: March 4, 1825 – March 9, 1825
1st: December 5, 1825 – May 22, 1826
2nd: December 4, 1826 – March 3, 1827

The Nineteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1825 to March 4, 1827, during the first two years of the administration of U.S. President John Quincy Adams. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fourth Census of the United States in 1820. The Senate had a majority of Jackson Men, while the House had an Anti-Jackson (pro-Adams) majority.

Contents

  • Major events 1
  • Major legislation 2
  • Treaties signed 3
  • Party summary 4
    • Senate 4.1
    • House of Representatives 4.2
  • Leadership 5
    • Senate 5.1
    • House of Representatives 5.2
  • Members 6
    • Senate 6.1
      • Alabama 6.1.1
      • Connecticut 6.1.2
      • Delaware 6.1.3
      • Georgia 6.1.4
      • Illinois 6.1.5
      • Indiana 6.1.6
      • Kentucky 6.1.7
      • Louisiana 6.1.8
      • Maine 6.1.9
      • Maryland 6.1.10
      • Massachusetts 6.1.11
      • Mississippi 6.1.12
      • Missouri 6.1.13
      • New Hampshire 6.1.14
      • New Jersey 6.1.15
      • New York 6.1.16
      • North Carolina 6.1.17
      • Ohio 6.1.18
      • Pennsylvania 6.1.19
      • Rhode Island 6.1.20
      • South Carolina 6.1.21
      • Tennessee 6.1.22
      • Vermont 6.1.23
      • Virginia 6.1.24
    • House of Representatives 6.2
      • Alabama 6.2.1
      • Connecticut 6.2.2
      • Delaware 6.2.3
      • Georgia 6.2.4
      • Illinois 6.2.5
      • Indiana 6.2.6
      • Kentucky 6.2.7
      • Louisiana 6.2.8
      • Maine 6.2.9
      • Maryland 6.2.10
      • Massachusetts 6.2.11
      • Mississippi 6.2.12
      • Missouri 6.2.13
      • New Hampshire 6.2.14
      • New Jersey 6.2.15
      • New York 6.2.16
      • North Carolina 6.2.17
      • Ohio 6.2.18
      • Pennsylvania 6.2.19
      • Rhode Island 6.2.20
      • South Carolina 6.2.21
      • Tennessee 6.2.22
      • Vermont 6.2.23
      • Virginia 6.2.24
      • Non-voting members 6.2.25
  • Changes in membership 7
    • Senate 7.1
    • House of Representatives 7.2
  • Employees 8
    • Senate 8.1
    • House of Representatives 8.2
  • References 9
  • External links 10

Major events

Major legislation

Treaties signed

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this congress. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

House of Representatives

Leadership

President of the Senate
John C. Calhoun

Senate

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1826; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1828; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1830.

House of Representatives

Changes in membership

This count reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • replacements: 7
  • deaths: 4
  • resignations: 6
  • interim appointments: 4
  • Total seats with changes: 13
State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
New Hampshire
(3)
Vacant Seat remained vacant Levi Woodbury (J) Installed March 16, 1825
Connecticut
(3)
Vacant Seat remained vacant Calvin Willey (A) Installed May 4, 1825
New York
(3)
Vacant Seat remained vacant Nathan Sanford (A) Installed January 14, 1826 after resigning as Chancellor of New York
Virginia
(1)
James Barbour (J) Resigned March 7, 1825 after being appointed US Secretary of War John Randolph (J) Appointed December 26, 1825
Mississippi
(1)
Resigned September 25, 1825 after being elected Governor of Mississippi Appointed September 28, 1825
Tennessee
(2)
Resigned October 14, 1825 Installed October 28, 1825
Rhode Island
(1)
James De Wolf (A) Resigned October 31, 1825 Asher Robbins (A) Appointed October 31, 1825
Maryland
(3)
Resigned January 14, 1826 after being elected to the Maryland State Senate Ezekiel F. Chambers (A) Elected January 24, 1826
Alabama
(3)
Died January 24, 1826 Appointed February 17, 1826
Mississippi
(1)
Successor elected January 28, 1826 Installed January 28, 1826
South Carolina
(3)
Died February 26, 1826 Appointed March 8, 1826
Delaware
(2)
Nicholas Van Dyke (A) Died May 21, 1826 Daniel Rodney (A) Appointed November 8, 1826
Massachusetts
(2)
James Lloyd (A) Resigned May 23, 1826 Nathaniel Silsbee (A) Installed May 31, 1826
New Jersey
(1)
Joseph McIlvaine (A) Died August 19, 1826 Ephraim Bateman(A) Installed November 10, 1826
Alabama
(3)
Successor elected November 27, 1826 Installed November 27, 1826
South Carolina
(3)
Successor elected November 29, 1826 Installed November 29, 1826
Delaware
(2)
Daniel Rodney (A) Resigned January 12, 1827 after successor was elected Henry M. Ridgely (A) Installed January 23, 1827

House of Representatives

  • replacements: 11
    • Anti-Jackson: 1 seat net gain
    • Jackson Men: 1 seat net loss
  • deaths: 5
  • resignations: 10
  • contested election: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 16
District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
Pennsylvania
16th
Resigned some time in 1825 before the assembling of Congress Seated October 11, 1825
Kentucky
3rd
Henry Clay (A) Resigned March 6, 1825 after being appointed US Secretary of State James Clark (A) Seated August 1, 1825
South Carolina
1st
Resigned March 7, 1825 after being appointed Minister to Mexico Seated May 17, 1825
New York
20th
Lost contested election December 15, 1825 Daniel Hugunin, Jr. (A) Seated December 15, 1825
Virginia
5th
Resigned December 26, 1825 after being appointed to the US Senate Seated January 21, 1826
Maryland
2nd
Joseph Kent (A) Resigned January 6, 1826 after being elected Governor of Maryland Seated February 1, 1826
Pennsylvania
18th
Died January 12, 1826 Thomas H. Sill (A) Seated March 14, 1826
Mississippi
At-large
Died March 14, 1826 Seated July 10, 1826
North Carolina
8th
Resigned March 18, 1826 Seated December 4, 1826
Pennsylvania
13th
Resigned May 1, 1826 Seated December 4, 1826
Ohio
10th
David Jennings (A) Resigned May 25, 1826 Thomas Shannon (A) Seated December 4, 1826
Kentucky
5th
Died August 13, 1826 Seated December 7, 1826
Pennsylvania
7th
Died August 14, 1826 Seated December 4, 1826
Kentucky
12th
Died August 25, 1826 John F. Henry (A) Seated December 11, 1826
Maine
5th
Enoch Lincoln (A) Resigned before September 11, 1826 Seated September 11, 1826
Pennsylvania
2nd
Resigned before October 10, 1826 Thomas Kittera (A) Seated October 10, 1826

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

External links

  • Statutes at Large, 1789-1875
  • Senate Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
  • U.S. House of Representatives: House History
  • U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists