1884 Major League Baseball season

1884 Major League Baseball season

The following are the baseball events of the year 1884 throughout the world.  


Major league baseball final standings

National League final standings

American Association final standings

Union Association final standings

Statistical leaders

National League statistical leaders

National League
Type Name Stat
AVG Mike "King" Kelly CHC .354
HR Ned Williamson CHC 27
RBI Cap Anson CHC 102
Wins Charles Radbourn PRO 59
ERA Charles Radbourn PRO 1.38
Strikeouts Charles Radbourn PRO 441

American Association statistical leaders

American Association
Type Name Stat
AVG Dave Orr NYP .354
HR John Reilly CIN 11
RBI Dave Orr NYP 112
Wins Guy Hecker LOU 52
ERA Guy Hecker LOU 1.80
Strikeouts Guy Hecker LOU 385

Union Association statistical leaders

Union Association
Type Name Stat
AVG Fred Dunlap SLM .412
HR Fred Dunlap SLM 13
RBI Unavailable NA
Wins Bill Sweeney BLU 40
ERA Jim McCormick COR 1.54
Strikeouts Hugh Daily CPI/WHS 483

All-Time Statistical Leaders (Strikeouts)

The 1884 season was memorable in that six of the top 10 all-time Major League Baseball single season strikeout totals were set that season:[1]

Pitcher Strikeouts Season Team League Overall Rank
Hugh Daily 483 1884 Chicago Browns/Pittsburgh Stogies/Washington Nationals UA 3
Dupee Shaw 451 1884 Detroit Wolverines/Boston Reds NL/UA 4
Old Hoss Radbourn 441 1884 Providence Grays NL 5
Charlie Buffington 417 1884 Boston Beaneaters NL 6
Guy Hecker 385 1884 Louisville Eclipse AA 7
Bill Sweeney 374 1884 Baltimore Monumentals UA 10

Notable seasons

Old Hoss Radbourn won a record 60 games (some sources have revised the total down to 59), a record that likely will never be exceeded. In addition to wins, Radbourn lead the National League in games (75), games started (73), complete games (73), ERA (1.38), saves (2), strikeouts (441), and innings pitched (678.2).



  • February 18 – Terry Larkin, recently released from prison after shooting his wife and a police officer in 1883, is arrested again for threatening to shoot his father. Larkin will be released and play this season for the Richmond Virginians. Larkin will later be institutionalized after challenging his former employer to a duel and will commit suicide by slitting his throat with a razor in 1894.
  • March 4 – The National League reduces the number of balls needed for a walk to six. Team owners agree to provide two separate benches for the teams in order to cut down on player fraternizing during games.
  • March 15 – Henry Chadwick writes in a newspaper column that a ground-keeper in St. Louis has started placing tarpaulins over the bases when it rains in order to keep them dry. Other clubs will follow suit and cover the pitching area and batter areas as well.
  • March 28 – Umpire William McLean throws a bat into the stands, striking a spectator, in reaction to taunts from the crowd. McLean is arrested but not charged as the fan is not injured.



  • July 7 – Hugh Daily strikes out 19, tying the record set a month earlier while throwing a one-hitter in the process.
  • July 10 – Hugh Daily of the Chicago Browns pitches his second consecutive one-hitter. Daily will pitch four one-hitters by season's end, setting a major league record.
  • July 28 – Charles Radbourn gains a victory in relief for the Providence Grays in the game that provides the point of contention as to whether Radbourn won 59 games or 60 in 1884. The Grays were trailing 4–3 when starting pitcher Cyclone Miller finished pitching the bottom of the 5th inning. Providence scored 4 runs in the top of the 6th to take the lead, then Radbourn came in to pitch starting in the bottom of the 6th. Under the scoring rules of the day, Radbourn was credited with the win. Miller would have gotten the victory under today's scoring rules, hence the discrepancy in total wins for Radbourn.
  • August 5 – Thomas Lynch, a deaf-mute, makes his major league debut for the Chicago White Stockings in the pitcher's box and is winning until he tires in the eighth inning. Cap Anson, who had hit two homers in the game, relieves him and promptly loses 8–5. Lynch will never appear in another major league game.
  • August 6 – Cap Anson hits three home runs in a 13–4 win, giving him five homers in his last two games.
  • August 28 – Mickey Welch strikes out the first 9 batters of the game to set a record that would not be broken until 1970 by Tom Seaver.
  • September 15 – Manager Joe Simmons of the Wilmington Quicksteps pulls his team off the field before a home game against the Kansas City Cowboys when he realizes he will be unable to pay the required $60 gate fee to the visiting Cowboys as the attendance is zero. The visiting Cowboys are 7–55–2 (.112) while the Quicksteps are 2–16 (.111) and occupy the cellar in the Union Association standings; following this, the Quicksteps drop out of the Association and disband.






 * Some sources show 1887



External links

  • 1884 National League season at baseball-reference.com
  • 1884 American Association season at baseball-reference.com
  • 1884 Union Association season at baseball-reference.com
  • Charlton's Baseball Chronology at BaseballLibrary.com
  • Year by Year History at Baseball-Almanac.com
  • Retrosheet.org
  • Delaware's Baseball History on Russ Pickett.com
  • SABR biography on Ted Kennedy