1883 in baseball
- Champions 1
Major league baseball final standings 2
- National League final standings 2.1
- American Association final standings 2.2
Statistical leaders 3
- National League statistical leaders 3.1
- American Association statistical leaders 3.2
- Notable seasons 4
- January–March 5.1
- April–June 5.2
- July–September 5.3
- October–December 5.4
- January–March 6.1
- April–June 6.2
- July–September 6.3
- October–December 6.4
- See also 7.1
- References 8
- External links 9
- References 10
- National League: Boston Beaneaters
- American Association: Philadelphia Athletics
- Inter-State League: Brooklyn Atlantics
- Northwestern League: Toledo Blue Stockings
Inter-league playoff: Philadelphia (AA) declined to play Boston (NL)
Major league baseball final standings
National League final standings
|Chicago White Stockings||59||39||0.602||4||36–13||23–26|
|New York Gothams||46||50||0.479||16||28–19||18–31|
American Association final standings
|St. Louis Browns||65||33||0.663||1||35–14||30–19|
|Cincinnati Red Stockings||61||37||0.622||5||38–13||23–24|
|New York Metropolitans||54||42||0.563||11||29–17||25–25|
National League statistical leaders
|AVG||Dan Brouthers BUF||.374|
|HR||Buck Ewing NYG||10|
|RBI||Dan Brouthers BUF||97|
|Wins||Charles Radbourn PRO||48|
|ERA||Jim McCormick CLV||1.84|
|Strikeouts||Jim Whitney BSN||345|
American Association statistical leaders
|AVG||Ed Swartwood PIT||.357|
|HR||Harry Stovey PHA||14|
|RBI||Charley Jones CIN||80|
|Wins||Will White CIN||43|
|ERA||Will White CIN||2.09|
|Strikeouts||Tim Keefe NYP||361|
- February 17 – The American Association and the National League, along with the Northwestern League, sign the Tripartite Agreement (also known as the National Agreement). This agreement binds the leagues to respect each other's valid player contracts as well as increasing the size of the reserve list from 6 to 11 players. This leads to relative harmony among the leagues until the Players League wars of 1889–1890.
- March 14 – The Peoria Club of the Northwestern League makes a motion to ban blacks, a move directly aimed at Toledo's star catcher, Moses Fleetwood Walker. After heated discussion, the motion is withdrawn and Walker remains eligible to play.
- March 30 – Charles Fowle, one of the original founders of the National League, and secretary of the St. Louis Brown Stockings from 1875–1877, dies in St. Louis.
- March 31 – The nations's oldest baseball club, the Olympic Town-Ball Club of Philadelphia, marks its 50th anniversary.
- April 15 – Francis Richter publishes the first issue of Sporting Life which will grow into the leading weekly publication for baseball information and run continuously until 1917.
- April 24 – Terry Larkin, a pitcher who has not played in the majors since 1880, shoots his wife and a policeman, then tries to kill himself. He attempts suicide the next day and fails again. Fortunately, both his wife and the police officer survive as well and Larkin actually appears in 40 games for the Richmond Virginians in 1884.
- May 1 – In their inaugural National League game, the New York Gothams defeat the Boston Beaneaters 7-5 in front of 15,000 fans, who include President Ulysses S. Grant. The Philadelphia Quakers, also making their NL debut, lose 4-3 to the Providence Grays.
- May 3 – John Montgomery Ward becomes the first pitcher to hit 2 home runs a game as his New York Gothams defeat the Boston Beaneaters 10-9.
- May 13 – In what was still a very rare occurrence, neither team commits an error as the St. Louis Browns defeat the Louisville Eclipse 4-3.
- May 28 – Fort Wayne and Indianapolis play the first of 2 games under electric lights.
- May 30 – Several of the American Association teams play a Memorial Day double-header in 2 different cities. At one point, there is an American Association game being played at the Polo Grounds on the New York Metropolitans field and a National League game being played at the Polo Grounds on the New York Gothams field where the outfield fences back up to one another.
- June 9 – The Philadelphia Quakers receive special permission from the National League to lower their ticket prices to 25¢ per game in order to compete with the Philadelphia Athletics of the American Association. The Quakers average game attendance quadruples for the remainder of the season.
- June 16 – The New York Gothams introduce ladies day, where all females are admitted free without restriction. This idea will remain a staple of major league baseball for nearly 100 years.
- June 28 – Providence Grays player Joe Mulvey is shot in the shoulder while leaving the playing field at Messer Street Grounds in Providence. The shooter, James Murphy, was actually aiming for Mulvey's teammate, Cliff Carroll after Carroll had drenched Murphy with a hose. Within a month, Mulvey would be sold to the Philadelphia Quakers.
- July 3 – The Chicago White Stockings set a major league record with 14 doubles, including 4 each by Cap Anson and Abner Dalrymple, in a 31–7 pasting over the Buffalo Bisons. Chicago also set a Major League record for the most at bats by one team in a regulation nine-inning game, with 66.
- July 4 – Tim Keefe of the New York Metropolitans wins both games of a double-header over the Columbus Buckeyes while giving up a combined 3 hits in the 2 games.
- July 25 – Charles Radbourn throws a no-hitter for the Providence Grays.
- July 26 – Joe Gephardt of the Louisville Eclipse is forced out of action due to temporary paralysis. Gephardt will recover and play again within 2 weeks.
- July 28 – The first recorded game is played in Hawaii.
- July 30 – Player/manager Lon Knight of the American Association Philadelphia Athletics hits for the cycle. Philadelphia defeats the Pittsburgh Alleghenys, 17-4.
- August 7 – The Providence Grays fall out of 1st place for good in their 6–4 loss to the Boston Beaneaters. For the 2nd straight season, Providence will lead the league for the majority of the season and not win the pennant.
- August 11 – The Boston Beaneaters turn a triple play when catcher Mike Hines catches a muffed pop-up and catches the base-runners off guard.
- August 11 – Fred Thayer, patent-holder for the invention of the catching mask, and Albert Spalding's sporting goods company for patent infringement. Spalding will ultimately be forced to pay Thayer royalties in the case.
- August 20 – The George Creamer, Mike Mansell and Billy Taylor $100 each and indefinitely suspend all 3 players for drunkenness.
- August 21 – The Providence Grays defeat the Philadelphia Quakers 28-0 in the most lopsided shutout game in major league history.
- August 29 – John Stricker of the Philadelphia Athletics gets 4 hits in a game against the Louisville Eclipse but sets a record by getting picked off 3 times by Eclipse pitcher Guy Hecker. Benny Kauff of the New York Giants will tie Stricker's record in 1916.
- September 6 – The Chicago White Stockings set a major league record by scoring 18 runs in the 7th inning in their 26–6 victory over the Detroit Wolverines. Tom Burns goes 3-3 with 2 doubles and a home run in the outburst, setting records for most extra-base hits and runs scored in one inning by a player.
- September 10 – Long John Reilly of the Cincinnati Red Stockings hits 2 inside the park home runs in a 12–6 win.
- September 12 – The Union Association is officially formed in Pittsburgh
- September 12 – Long John Reilly hits for the cycle and collects 6 hits in all, while teammate Hick Carpenter also garners 6 hits, as the Cincinnati Red Stockings pound the Pittsburgh Alleghenys 27-5.
- September 13 – Hugh Daily of the Cleveland Blues pitches a no-hitter.
- September 19 – Long John Reilly hits for the cycle for the 2nd time in a week as the Cincinnati Red Stockings beat the Philadelphia Athletics 12-3.
- September 27 – The Boston Red Stockings clinch the National League pennant with a 4–1 win over the Cleveland Blues.
- September 28 – The Philadelphia Athletics clinch the American Association flag with a 7–6 victory over the Louisville Eclipse.
- November 22 – New York Gothams owner John B. Day proposes a resolution to prohibit a team from signing a player who has broken the reserve clause of his contract. This resolution, eventually adopted by both the American Association and National League, effectively changes the reserve clause from a device to protect owners from their own greediness to a vindictive weapon to be used against uncooperative players.
- November 24 – The American Association agree to expand to 12 teams by admitting the Brooklyn Atlantics, Indianapolis Hoosiers, Toledo Blue Stockings and Washington Nationals.
- January 1 – Eddie Zimmerman
- January 3 – Buck Hopkins
- January 8 – Bob Ingersoll
- January 27 – John McDonald
- February 2 – Bill Abstein
- February 4 – Doc Miller
- February 5 – Dick Scott
- February 8 – Joe Cassidy
- February 13 – Hal Chase
- February 13 – Harl Maggert
- February 19 – Harry Curtis
- February 25 – Jack Hannifin
- March 1 – Charlie Pickett
- March 4 – Chet Spencer
- March 10 – Glenn Liebhardt
- March 17 – Oscar Stanage
- March 20 – Pep Clark
- March 29 – Rube Dessau
- April 4 – Bill Hinchman
- April 4 – John Hummel
- April 7 – Bill Cooney
- April 8 – Shag Shaughnessy
- April 10 – Tex Pruiett
- April 13 – Mike Simon
- April 22 – Carl Vandagrift
- April 25 – Russ Ford
- April 28 – Harry Gaspar
- April 29 – Rube Manning
- April 29 – Amby McConnell
- April 29 – Bill McGilvray
- May 5 – Gene Curtis
- May 6 – Ed Karger
- May 13 – Jimmy Archer
- May 19 – Eddie Files
- May 21 – Eddie Grant
- May 25 – Heinie Heitmuller
- June 6 – Jim St.Vrain
- June 10 – Ernie Lindemann
- June 16 – Al Mattern
- June 16 – Red Waller
- June 29 – Doc Martel
- July 5 – Jack Quinn
- July 5 – Josh Swindell
- July 8 – Ducky Holmes
- July 9 – Dave Shean
- July 14 – Happy Smith
- July 21 – Larry Pape
- July 27 – Harry Kane
- July 31 – Tommy Madden
- July 31 – Red Munson
- July 31 – Tuffy Stewart
- August 4 – Lew Moren
- August 7 – Tom Richardson
- August 14 – Bill O'Hara
- August 17 – Walt Justis
- August 19 – George Ferguson
- August 21 – Chief Wilson
- August 23 – Red Downs
- August 23 – Lew Richie
- August 25 – Elmer Brown
- August 27 – Baldy Louden
- August 29 – Jimmie Savage
- August 30 – Bill Brinker
- August 30 – Sam Edmonston
- August 31 – Syd Smith
- September 3 – Art Fromme
- September 5 – Lefty Leifield
- September 6 – Dick Bayless
- September 7 – John Flynn
- September 17 – Leo Hafford
- September 18 – Frank Manush
- September 21 – Bris Lord
- September 28 – Harley Young
- October 3 – Phil Reardon
- October 4 – Harry Ables
- October 6 – Red Morgan
- October 7 – Al Burch
- October 7 – Phil Lewis
- October 12 – Charlie French
- October 13 – Walter Blair
- October 13 – Harry Huston
- October 16 – Lew Groh
- October 16 – Will Harridge
- October 16 – Jim Mullin
- October 19 – Walt Miller
- October 20 – Cuke Barrows
- October 22 – Bill Carrigan
- October 28 – Frank Lange
- October 29 – Del Mason
- November 3 – Ed Lennox
- November 5 – Otis Johnson
- November 11 – Harry Billiard
- November 16 – Rollie Zeider
- November 20 – Ben Egan
- November 20 – Harry Welchonce
- November 26 – Frank Lobert
- November 28 – Fred Osborn
- November 30 – Ben Houser
- December 4 – Jim Moroney
- December 8 – Charlie Wacker
- December 10 – Jerry Upp
- December 10 – Jim Stephens
- December 17 – Rebel Oakes
- December 18 – Hub Knolls
- December 26 – Queenie O'Rourke
Date of birth unknown
- April 17 – John Bergh, 25, back-up catcher for the 1880 Boston Red Stockings.
- July 5 – Charlie Guth, 27?, pitched a complete game victory in his only major league game in 1880 for the Chicago White Stockings.
- September 21 – Dan Collins, 29, outfielder who played in 10 games from 1874–1876.
- October 10 – Jim Devlin, 34, pitcher for the Louisville Grays in 1876–77 who led NL in games, innings, starts and strikeouts in its first season; expelled from baseball in 1877 due to a game-fixing scandal.
- "Doubles Team Records". Baseball-Almanac.com. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
- "At-Bats Records for Teams: Game Records". Baseball-Almanac.com. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
- 1883 National League season at baseball-reference.com
- 1883 American Association season at baseball-reference.com
- Charlton's Baseball Chronology at BaseballLibrary.com
- Year by Year History at Baseball-Almanac.com
- Nemec, David (1994). The Beer and Whiskey League: The Illustrated History of the American Association-Baseball's Renegade Major League. New York: Lyons & Burford, Publishers ISBN 1-55821-285-X