Sennyū-ji

Sennyū-ji

Sennyū-ji (泉涌寺 Sennyū-ji?), formerly written as Sen-yū-ji[1] (仙遊寺 Sen'yū-ji?) , is a Buddhist temple in Higashiyama-ku in Kyoto, Japan.[2] For centuries, Sennyū-ji was a mortuary temple for aristocrats and the imperial house. Located here are the official tombs of Emperor Shijō[3] and many of the emperors who came after him.[1]

History

Sennyū-ji was founded in the early Heian period.[1] The origin of this temple, which is commonly called Mitera or Mi-dera, can be traced back to the Tenchō era (824-834) when the priest Kūkai established a small temple in this location. That modest structure and community were initially known as Hōrin-ji.[2] The major buildings in Sennyū-ji was very much reconstructed and enlarged in the early 13th century.[2]


Tsukinowa no misasagi
Emperor Go-Horikawa and Emperor Shijō were the first to be enshrined in an Imperial mausoleum at Sennyū-ji. It was called Tsukinowa no misasagi.[4]

Go-Momozono is also enshrined in Tsukinowa no misasagi along with his immediate Imperial predecessors since Emperor Go-Mizunoo -- Meishō, Go-Kōmyō, Go-Sai, Reigen, Higashiyama, Nakamikado, Sakuramachi, Momozono and Go-Sakuramachi.[5]

Nochi no Tsukinowa no Higashiyama no misasagi
Kokaku, Ninko, and Komei are also enshrined at Nochi no Tsukinowa no Higashiyama no misasagi ( 後月輪東山陵?).[6]

Art

Sennyū-ji's large nehan-zu painting depicts Buddha on his death bed. This massive image (8 meters x 16 meters) is the largest in Japan. The image at nearby Tōfuku-ji is the second largest of its kind in Japan, measuring 7 meters x 14 meters. Both images are only rarely displayed, most recently in 2003 for three days only.[7]

See also

Notes

References

  • OCLC 17483588
  • OCLC 182637732
  • __________. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 194887
  • (Japanese) Asahi Shinbun. 1972 March 16, 1972.

External links

  • (Japanese) Senyū-ji website

Coordinates: 34°58′41″N 135°46′50″E / 34.97806°N 135.78056°E / 34.97806; 135.78056