Sack of Jerusalem (10th century BC)

Sack of Jerusalem (10th century BC)

Sack of Jerusalem
Amun-Re with names of Hebrew towns Shoshenq I claimed to have captured
Location }
Belligerents
Kingdom of Judah Egypt
Commanders and leaders
Rehoboam Shoshenq I
Strength
Much fewer Unknown
Casualties and losses
Unknown Unknown

The Sack of Jerusalem is an event described in the First Book of Kings of the Hebrew Bible and Christian Old Testament, and, with some differences, in the Second Book of Chronicles.

According to these sources it took place in the 5th year of the reign of Rehoboam,[1] following the death of his father,[2] Solomon. This event happened in 925 BCE[3] when Pharaoh Sheshonk I of the Third Intermediate Period invaded Canaan following the Battle of Bitter Lakes. Possibly this is the same Pharaoh as Shishaq, the first Pharaoh mentioned in the Bible, who captured and pillaged Jerusalem. [4][5] Shishaq (Hebrew: שישק‎) raided the Kingdom of Judah with his allies, including the Kushites, taking a number of hill towns[6] and sacking Jerusalem, all without fighting. Shishaq took away treasures of the temple of Yahweh and the king's house, as well as shields of gold which Solomon had made;[1] Rehoboam replaced them with brass ones.

Biblical narrative (1 Kings and Chronicles)

According to

Karnak relief

A relief discovered at Karnak, in Upper Egypt, and similar reliefs on the walls of a small temple of Amun at el-Hibeh, show Pharaoh Shoshenq I (Shishaq) holding in his hand a bound group of prisoners. The names of captured towns are located primarily in the territory of the kingdom of Israel (including Megiddo), with a few listed in the Negeb, and perhaps Philistia. Some of these include a few of the towns that Rehoboam had fortified according to Chronicles[8]

References

External links

  • The Campaign of Pharaoh Shoshenq I in Palestine, by Kevin A. Wilson
  • The Palestine Campaign of Sheshonq I
  • The Sack of Jerusalem on Templemount.org