Protected areas of South Africa

Protected areas of South Africa

The protected areas of South Africa include national parks and marine protected areas managed by the national government, public nature reserves managed by provincial and local governments, and private nature reserves managed by private landowners. Most protected areas are intended for the conservation of flora and fauna. National parks are maintained by South African National Parks (SANParks).[1] A number of national parks have been incorporated in transfrontier conservation areas.

Areas may also be protected for their value and importance as historical, cultural heritage or scientific sites. More information on these can be found in the list of heritage sites in South Africa.

Special Nature Reserves

Special nature reserves are highly protected areas from which all people and human activities are excluded, except for conservation and scientific research. The Prince Edward Islands, which are South African territories in the Southern Ocean, have been declared as a special nature reserve.[2][3]

National Parks

The following are the national parks of South Africa:[4]

Transfrontier conservation areas

South Africa is involved in the following transfrontier conservation areas (TFCAs), also known as "peace parks".

The Lubombo Transfrontier Conservation Area, involving South Africa, Mozambique and Swaziland, is planned to be formed from the iSimangaliso Wetland Park and the Nsubane Pongola, Songimvelo-Malolotja and Usuthu-Tembe-Futi TFCAs.

Marine Protected Areas

World Heritage Sites

World heritage site in South Africa are protected by the World Heritage Convention Act (Act 49 of 1999). These include:

Botanical Gardens

Eastern Cape

National Parks situated in the Eastern Cape

Mega Parks in the making, predominantly in the Eastern Cape

Parks Managed by Eastern Cape Parks

Natural Heritage Sites

Private and Other Parks

Forest Reserves

Free State

National Parks

World Heritage Sites

Private and Other Parks

Gauteng

GDACE Parks

Protected Areas

Other parks and private reserves

KwaZulu-Natal

Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife

New name of the Peace Park is: iSimangaliso Wetland Park

Private and Other Parks

Natural Heritage Sites

Limpopo

National Parks

Provincial Parks

Private and Other Parks

Mpumalanga

National Parks

Provincial Parks

Private and Other Parks

Northern Cape

National Parks

Private and Other Parks

North West

National Parks

Provincial Parks

Protected Areas

[6]

Private and Other Parks

Western Cape

National Parks

Provincial Parks

West Coast

Winelands

Overberg

Cape Karoo

Garden Route and Little Karoo

Private and other Reserves

Forests

Natural Heritage Sites

Mountain Catchment Areas

See also

References

  1. ^ "Biodiversity & ecosystems".  
  2. ^ Cooper, John (June 2006). "ANTARCTICA AND ISLANDS – Background Research Paper produced for the South Africa Environment Outlook report on behalf of the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism". p. 6. Retrieved 5 October 2010. 
  3. ^ 1993 United Nations list of national parks and protected areas. World Conservation Monitoring Centre, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Commission on Natural Parks and Protected Areas, United Nations Environment Programme. 1993. p. 173.  
  4. ^ "SANParks – South African National Parks (A-Z)".  
  5. ^ http://www.pumbagamereserve.co.za/
  6. ^ NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT: PROTECTED AREAS ACT, 2003 Section 12

External links

  • National Park
  • South African National Parks (SANParks)
  • National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Bill (39 of 2003)
  • World Heritage Convention Act (49 of 1999)
  • NATIONAL HERITAGE RESOURCES ACT (25 of 1999)
  • Astronomy Geographic Advantage Bill (61 of 2007)