Military of South Africa
Template:Use South African English
| South African National Defence Force|
| File:SANDF emblem.jpg|
|Service branches||South African Military Health Service|
|Headquarters||Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa|
|Minister of Defence and Military Veterans||Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula|
|Chief of the South African National Defence Force||General Solly Shoke|
| Available for
| 10 354 769 males, age 18-49 (2005),|
10 626 550 females, age 18-49 (2005)
| Fit for
| 4 927 757 males, age 18-49 (2005),|
4 609 071 females, age 18-49 (2005)
| Reaching military
| 512 407 males (2005),|
506 078 females (2005)
|Active personnel||88,563 (2012/13)|
|Budget||$US 4.572 billion|
|Percent of GDP||1.1% (2010-2011)|
|Domestic suppliers||Denel, Reutech Radar Systems, Thales, Paramount Group|
|Foreign suppliers||BAE Systems, Saab AB, ThyssenKrupp, AgustaWestland|
|History|| Military history of South Africa|
List of wars involving South Africa
|Ranks||South African military ranks|
The South African National Defence Force (SANDF) comprises the armed forces of South Africa. The commander of the SANDF is appointed by the President of South Africa from one of the armed services. They are in turn accountable to the Minister of Defence and Military Veterans of the Defence Department.
The military as it exists today was created in 1994, following South Africa's first post-apartheid national elections and the adoption of a new constitution. It replaced the South African Defence Force.
The SANDF took over the personnel and equipment from the SADF and integrated forces from the former Bantustan homelands forces, as well as personnel from the former guerrilla forces of some of the political parties involved in South Africa, such as the African National Congress's Umkhonto we Sizwe, the Pan Africanist Congress's Azanian People's Liberation Army and the Self-Protection Units of the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP).
As of 2004, the integration process was considered complete, with the integrated personnel having been incorporated into a slightly modified structure very similar to that of the SADF, with the latter's structure and equipment for the most part being retained. However, due to integration problems, financial constraints, and other issues, the U.S. government is not alone when its diplomats considered in 2005 that the South African military was facing capability constraints.'
The South African Commando System was a territorial militia active until 2008, based upon local units from the size of company to battalion. In its final years its role was to support the South African Police in internal security, During such deployments the units came under Police control.
In 1999 a US$4.8 billion (R30 billion in 1999 rands) purchase of weaponry by the South African Government was finalised, which has been subject to allegations of corruption. The South African Department of Defence's Strategic Defence Acquisition purchased frigates, submarines, light utility helicopters, lead-in fighter trainers and advanced light fighter aircraft.
The SANDF plays a role in peacekeeping mostly on the African continent through the United Nations as well as providing election observers from time to time.
Deployments in 2012
10 South African Infantry Battalion conducts patrols and escort duties in Sudan.
The SANDF is involved in a number of internal operations, including:
- Safeguarding the Border (Operation CORONA)
- Disaster relief and assistance (Operation CHARIOT)
- Safety and security (Operation PROSPER)
- Security for the 2013 African Cup Of Nations (Operation PHEFO)
Organisation and structure
Overall command is vested in an officer designated Chief of the SANDF (CSANDF). Appointed from any of the Arms of Service and the only person in the SANDF at the rank of General or Admiral, he is accountable to the Minister of Defence and Veteran Affairs, who heads up the Department of Defence
The structure of the SANDF is depicted below: File:SANDF Structure.jpg
Four armed services make up the forces of the SANDF:
The Joint Operations Division is responsible for co-ordinating all Joint Operations involving any or all of the four services. The South African Special Forces Brigade is a separate special forces unit under the direct command of the Joint Operations division.
|Commons has media related to Military of South Africa.|
- South African Department of Defence
- Defence Act (Act 42 of 2002)
Template:Military of Africa