List of St. Louis Cardinals managers
The St. Louis Cardinals, a Major League baseball (MLB) franchise based in St. Louis, Missouri, have competed in the National League (NL) since 1892, and in the American Assocation (AA) from 1882 to 1891.[a] They have won eleven World Series titles, one additional interleague championship and were co-champions (tied) in another prior to the modern World Series. The Cardinals (1900–present) were also known as the Brown Stockings (1882), Browns (1883–1898), and Perfectos (1899). Baseball teams like St. Louis are led by a manager, similar to the head coach position of other sports. Coaching positions that report to the manager include the bench coach, first and third base coaches, and pitching and hitting coaches, among other coaches and instructors. Mike Matheny, a former catcher for the Cardinals from 2000 to 2004, is the current manager, a role he has served since 2012. He is signed through 2014.
A total of 63 managers have held that position for the Cardinals, more than any other Major League franchise. Between 1882 and 1918 (37 total seasons), 37 different managers stayed the helm. Ned Cuthbert became the first manager of the then-Brown Stockings in 1882, serving for one season. Also an outfielder for a former Brown Stockings club, he was directly responsible for bringing professional baseball back to St. Louis after a game-fixing scandal expelled the earlier team from the NL in 1877. Cuthbert rallied a barnstorming team that attracted the attention of Chris von der Ahe, who purchased the team and helped install them into the AA in 1882. Charles Comiskey was the first manager in franchise history to hold the position for multiple seasons. He also has the highest career winning percentage in franchise history at .673, four American Association pennants (1885–1888) and one interleague championship (before the official World Series existed).[b] He also held the record for most career wins in team history with from 1884 to 1945 (563 total) and games managed (852) until 1924. However, von der Ahe changed managers more than any other owner in team history – a total of 27 in nineteen season oversaw the team on the field. After the Robison era began, stability marginally improved: nine managers in 20 years from 1899 to 1918. Jack McCloskey, Roger Bresnahan, and Miller Huggins each managed three or more seasons from 1906 to 1917, becoming the first group to manage multiple seasons in succession.
Branch Rickey, known mainly as a general manager, surpassed Comiskey's record for games managed in 1924, totaling 947 in seven seasons. His replacement, Rogers Hornsby – also the second baseman who won two Triple Crowns and six consecutive batting titles – finally guided the Cardinals to their first modern World Series championship against the formidable New York Yankees, their first interleague championship in exactly 40 years. Sam Breadon, the Cardinals' owner, also frequently changed managers (although Frankie Frisch and Gabby Street both managed at least five seasons and won one World Series title apiece in the 1930s out of nine total managers in 30 seasons) until settling on Hall of Famer Billy Southworth from 1940 to 1945.
Southworth set new team records for games managed (981), wins (620) and World Series championships (two). His Cardinals teams won 105 or more games each year from 1942 to 1944, winning the NL pennants in each of those three seasons. His .642 winning percentage is second-highest in team history, and the highest since the Cardinals joined the National League. Southworth was also awarded the Sporting News Manager of the Year Award in 1941 and 1942. Starting in 1953 with the Gussie Busch/Anheuser-Busch era, thirteen managers captained the club in 43 seasons. After Southworth, Eddie Dyer, Eddie Stanky, Fred Hutchinson and Johnny Keane also each took home a Sporting News Manager of the Year award. Keane's 1964 team that year's World Series. Hall of Famer Red Schoendienst took over from 1965 to 1977 and won one World Series and two NL pennants. Schoendienst then broke Southworth's team records for games (1,999 total) and wins (1,041). He also held records of fourteen seasons managed and 955 losses.
In the 1980s, Hall of Famer Whitey Herzog's style of play known as Whiteyball pushed the Cardinals to three NL pennants and a World Series championship in 1982. He was named the Sporting News Sportsman of the Year and Manager of the Year in 1982. In 1990, Joe Torre took over and Tony La Russa succeeded him when the William DeWitt, Jr. ownership – still the current ownership – commenced in 1996. La Russa finished with the longest tenure in franchise history (sixteen seasons), and leads Cardinals managers in wins (1,408), losses (1,182), playoff appearances (nine) and is tied for most World Series championships (two). He also won three NL pennants. Matheny took over from La Russa. With DeWitt ‘s era, the Cardinals have seen their greatest period of managerial stability with just two managers.
Besides La Russa, eight Cardinals managers have won a modern World Series: Hornsby, Frisch, Street, Dyer, Southworth, Keane, Schoendienst and Herzog; Southworth and La Russa are the only ones to win two each. Comiskey won one pre-World Series title and tied for another. Cardinals managers inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame include Comiskey, Tommy McCarthy, Roger Connor, Kid Nichols, Bresnahan, Huggins, Rickey, Hornsby, Bill McKechnie, Southworth, Frisch, Schoendienst, and Herzog.
|#||Ordinal number in the succession of managers[b]|
|G||Regular season games managed (may not equal sum of wins and losses due to tie games)|
|W||Regular season wins|
|L||Regular season losses|
|PA||Postseason appearances: number of years this manager has led the franchise to the postseason|
|LC||League championships: number of League championships, or pennants, achieved by the manager|
|WS||World Series Championships: number of World Series championships achieved by the manager|
|Awards||Awarded MVP (V) as a player-manager, MLB Manager of the Year (given annually since 1983) (M), and The Sporting News Sportsman of the Year (awarded annually since 1968) (S) and The Sporting News Manager of the Year Award (awarded annually since 1936) (Y) while managing for the Cardinals.|
|*||Also a player for the Cardinals|
|§||Inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame as a Cardinal|
|†, ‡||Inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame primarily as a player (†) or as a manager and/or an executive (‡)|
Table of managers
Statistics current through 2013.
|1||Cuthbert, NedNed Cuthbert *||1882||80||37||43||.463||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|2||Sullivan, TedTed Sullivan *||1883||79||53||26||.671||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|3||Comiskey, CharlesCharles Comiskey *‡|| 1883, 1884–1889,
|4||Williams, JimmyJimmy Williams||1884||85||51||33||.607||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|5||McCarthy, TommyTommy McCarthy *†||1890||27||15||12||.571||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|6||Kerins, JohnJohn Kerins *||1890||17||9||8||.529||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|7||Roseman, ChiefChief Roseman *||1890||15||7||8||.467||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|8||Campau, CountCount Campau *||1890||42||27||14||.659||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|9||Gerhardt, JoeJoe Gerhardt *||1890||38||20||16||.556||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|10||Glasscock, JackJack Glasscock *||1892||4||1||3||.250||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|11||Stricker, CubCub Stricker *||1892||23||6||17||.261||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|12||Crooks, JackJack Crooks *||1892||62||27||33||.450||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|13||Gore, GeorgeGeorge Gore *||1892||16||6||9||.400||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|14||Caruthers, BobBob Caruthers *||1892||50||16||32||.333||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|15||Watkins, BillBill Watkins||1893||135||57||75||.432||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|16||Miller, DoggieDoggie Miller *||1894||133||56||76||.424||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|17||Buckenberger, AlAl Buckenberger||1895||50||16||34||.320||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|18||von der Ahe, ChrisChris von der Ahe||1895, 1896, 1897||17||3||14||.176||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|19||Quinn, JoeJoe Quinn *||1895||40||11||28||.282||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|20||Phelan, LewLew Phelan||1895||45||11||30||.268||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|21||Diddlebock, HarryHarry Diddlebock||1896||17||7||10||.412||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|22||Latham, ArlieArlie Latham *||1896||3||0||3||.000||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|23||Connor, RogerRoger Connor *†||1896||46||8||37||.178||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|24||Dowd, TommyTommy Dowd *||1896–1897||92||31||60||.341||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|25||Nicol, HughHugh Nicol *||1897||40||8||32||.200||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|26||Hallman, BillBill Hallman *||1897||50||13||36||.265||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|27||Hurst, TimTim Hurst||1898||154||39||111||.260||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|28||Tebeau, PatsyPatsy Tebeau *||1899–1900||247||126||117||.519||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|29||Heilbroner, LouieLouie Heilbroner||1900||50||23||25||.479||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|30||Donovan, PatsyPatsy Donovan *||1901–1903||421||175||236||.426||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|31||Nichols, KidKid Nichols *†||1904–1905||169||80||88||.476||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|32||Burke, JimmyJimmy Burke *||1905||90||34||56||.378||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|33||Robison, StanleyStanley Robison||1905||50||19||31||.380||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|34||McCloskey, JohnJohn McCloskey||1906–1908||463||153||304||.335||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|35||Bresnahan, RogerRoger Bresnahan *†||1909–1912||618||255||352||.420||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|36||Huggins, MillerMiller Huggins *‡||1913–1917||774||346||415||.455||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|37||Hendricks, JackJack Hendricks||1918||133||51||78||.395||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|38||Rickey, BranchBranch Rickey ‡||1919–1925||947||458||485||.486||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|39||Hornsby, RogersRogers Hornsby *†§||1925–1926||271||153||116||.569||1||4||3||1||1||V|||
|40||O'Farrell, BobBob O'Farrell *||1927||153||92||61||.601||—||—||—||—||—||V|||
|41||McKechnie, BillBill McKechnie ‡||1928–1929||217||129||88||.594||1||0||4||1||0||––|||
|42||Southworth, BillyBilly Southworth *‡§||1929, 1940–1945||981||680||346||.642||3||9||7||3||2||Y (2)|||
|43||Street, GabbyGabby Street *||1929–1933||556||312||242||.563||2||6||7||2||1||––|||
|44||Frisch, FrankieFrankie Frisch *†§||1933–1938||822||458||354||.564||1||4||3||1||1||––|||
|45||González, MikeMike González *||1938, 1940||23||9||13||.409||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|46||Blades, RayRay Blades *||1939–1940||194||106||85||.555||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|47||Dyer, EddieEddie Dyer *||1946–1950||777||446||325||.578||1||4||3||1||1||Y|||
|48||Marion, MartyMarty Marion *||1951||155||81||73||.526||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|49||Stanky, EddieEddie Stanky *||1952–1955||501||260||238||.522||—||—||—||—||—||Y|||
|50||Walker, HarryHarry Walker *||1955||118||51||67||.432||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|51||Hutchinson, FredFred Hutchinson||1956–1958||434||232||220||.513||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|52||Hack, StanStan Hack||1958||10||3||7||.300||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|53||Hemus, SollySolly Hemus *||1959–1961||384||190||192||.497||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|54||Keane, JohnnyJohnny Keane||1961–1964||567||317||249||.560||1||4||3||1||1||Y|||
|55||Schoendienst, RedRed Schoendienst *†§|| 1965–1976, 1980,
|56||Rapp, VernVern Rapp||1977–1978||179||89||90||.497||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|57||Krol, JackJack Krol||1978, 1980||3||1||2||.500||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|58||Boyer, KenKen Boyer *||1978–1980||357||166||190||.466||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|59||Herzog, WhiteyWhitey Herzog ‡§||1980–1990||1,553||822||728||.530||3||21||16||3||1||S, Y, M|||
|60||Torre, JoeJoe Torre *||1990–1995||706||351||354||.498||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|61||Jorgensen, MikeMike Jorgensen *||1995||96||42||54||.438||—||—||—||—||—||—|||
|62||La Russa, TonyTony La Russa||1996–2011||2,591||1,408||1,182||.544||9||50||42||3||2||M|||
|63||Matheny, MikeMike Matheny *||2012–present||324||185||139||.571||2||16||14||1||0||—|||
|AA totals (1882–1891) [a]||1,234||781||432||.644||4||19||21||4||1[b]||––|||
|NL totals (1892–present)[e]||18,906||9,600||9,197||.511||26||125||109||19||11||––|||
- a Although the American Association is considered a former Major League, the Cardinals' regular season records, postseason records and World Series championships attained since their entrance into the National League in 1892 are the official totals considered part of their official Major League achievements.
- b The 1886 championship the Browns won in a postseason tournament called the "World Series" was a 19th-century version that varied considerably from the current World Series format officially recognized by MLB, which began in 1903. The 19th century World Series was considered an exhibition contest between the champions of the National League and the American Association.
- c The manager's number in the order of Cardinals managerial succession. All managers with multiple terms have their totals tallied on a single line.
- d The Browns tied another World Series with the Chicago White Stockings, the 1885 contest, 3–3–1.
- e This line is the official total considered as St. Louis' all-time Major League record. Their Major League won-loss total only counts the regular season, as postseason play is considered separately.
- List of St. Louis Cardinals owners and executives
- List of St. Louis Cardinals coaches
- List of St. Louis Cardinals seasons
|East Division||Central Division||West Division|
|East Division||Central Division||West Division|
|Baltimore Orioles (19th century) • Buffalo Bisons • Cleveland Blues (NL) • Cleveland Spiders • Detroit Wolverines • Louisville Colonels • New York Metropolitans • Providence Grays • Washington Senators (19th century)|