List of St. Louis Cardinals managers

List of St. Louis Cardinals managers

The St. Louis Cardinals, a Major League baseball (MLB) franchise based in St. Louis, Missouri, have competed in the National League (NL) since 1892, and in the American Assocation (AA) from 1882 to 1891.[a] They have won eleven World Series titles, one additional interleague championship and were co-champions (tied) in another prior to the modern World Series. The Cardinals (1900–present) were also known as the Brown Stockings (1882), Browns (18831898), and Perfectos (1899).[1] Baseball teams like St. Louis are led by a manager, similar to the head coach position of other sports. Coaching positions that report to the manager include the bench coach, first and third base coaches, and pitching and hitting coaches, among other coaches and instructors. Mike Matheny, a former catcher for the Cardinals from 2000 to 2004, is the current manager, a role he has served since 2012. He is signed through 2014.[2]

A total of 63 managers have held that position for the Cardinals, more than any other Major League franchise.[3] Between 1882 and 1918 (37 total seasons), 37 different managers stayed the helm. Ned Cuthbert became the first manager of the then-Brown Stockings in 1882, serving for one season. Also an outfielder for a former Brown Stockings club, he was directly responsible for bringing professional baseball back to St. Louis after a game-fixing scandal expelled the earlier team from the NL in 1877. Cuthbert rallied a barnstorming team that attracted the attention of Chris von der Ahe, who purchased the team and helped install them into the AA in 1882.[4] Charles Comiskey was the first manager in franchise history to hold the position for multiple seasons. He also has the highest career winning percentage in franchise history at .673, four American Association pennants (18851888) and one interleague championship (before the official World Series existed).[b] He also held the record for most career wins in team history with from 1884 to 1945 (563 total) and games managed (852) until 1924. However, von der Ahe changed managers more than any other owner in team history – a total of 27 in nineteen season oversaw the team on the field. After the Robison era began, stability marginally improved: nine managers in 20 years from 1899 to 1918. Jack McCloskey, Roger Bresnahan, and Miller Huggins each managed three or more seasons from 1906 to 1917, becoming the first group to manage multiple seasons in succession.

Branch Rickey, known mainly as a general manager, surpassed Comiskey's record for games managed in 1924, totaling 947 in seven seasons.[5] His replacement, Rogers Hornsby – also the second baseman who won two Triple Crowns and six consecutive batting titles – finally guided the Cardinals to their first modern World Series championship against the formidable New York Yankees, their first interleague championship in exactly 40 years. Sam Breadon, the Cardinals' owner, also frequently changed managers (although Frankie Frisch and Gabby Street both managed at least five seasons and won one World Series title apiece in the 1930s out of nine total managers in 30 seasons) until settling on Hall of Famer Billy Southworth from 1940 to 1945.

Southworth set new team records for games managed (981), wins (620) and World Series championships (two). His Cardinals teams won 105 or more games each year from 1942 to 1944, winning the NL pennants in each of those three seasons. His .642 winning percentage is second-highest in team history, and the highest since the Cardinals joined the National League. Southworth was also awarded the Sporting News Manager of the Year Award in 1941 and 1942. Starting in 1953 with the Gussie Busch/Anheuser-Busch era, thirteen managers captained the club in 43 seasons. After Southworth, Eddie Dyer, Eddie Stanky, Fred Hutchinson and Johnny Keane also each took home a Sporting News Manager of the Year award. Keane's 1964 team that year's World Series. Hall of Famer Red Schoendienst took over from 1965 to 1977 and won one World Series and two NL pennants. Schoendienst then broke Southworth's team records for games (1,999 total) and wins (1,041). He also held records of fourteen seasons managed and 955 losses.

In the 1980s, Hall of Famer Whitey Herzog's style of play known as Whiteyball pushed the Cardinals to three NL pennants and a World Series championship in 1982. He was named the Sporting News Sportsman of the Year and Manager of the Year in 1982.[6] In 1990, Joe Torre took over and Tony La Russa succeeded him when the William DeWitt, Jr. ownership – still the current ownership – commenced in 1996. La Russa finished with the longest tenure in franchise history (sixteen seasons), and leads Cardinals managers in wins (1,408), losses (1,182), playoff appearances (nine) and is tied for most World Series championships (two). He also won three NL pennants. Matheny took over from La Russa. With DeWitt ‘s era, the Cardinals have seen their greatest period of managerial stability with just two managers.

Besides La Russa, eight Cardinals managers have won a modern World Series: Hornsby, Frisch, Street, Dyer, Southworth, Keane, Schoendienst and Herzog; Southworth and La Russa are the only ones to win two each. Comiskey won one pre-World Series title and tied for another. Cardinals managers inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame include Comiskey, Tommy McCarthy, Roger Connor, Kid Nichols, Bresnahan, Huggins, Rickey, Hornsby, Bill McKechnie, Southworth, Frisch, Schoendienst, and Herzog.[7][8]

Table key

# Ordinal number in the succession of managers[b]
G Regular season games managed (may not equal sum of wins and losses due to tie games)
W Regular season wins
L Regular season losses
Win% Winning percentage
PA Postseason appearances: number of years this manager has led the franchise to the postseason
PW Postseason wins
PL Postseason losses
LC League championships: number of League championships, or pennants, achieved by the manager
WS World Series Championships: number of World Series championships achieved by the manager
Awards Awarded MVP (V) as a player-manager, MLB Manager of the Year (given annually since 1983) (M), and The Sporting News Sportsman of the Year (awarded annually since 1968) (S) and The Sporting News Manager of the Year Award (awarded annually since 1936) (Y) while managing for the Cardinals.
Ref Reference(s)
* Also a player for the Cardinals
§ Inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame as a Cardinal
†, ‡ Inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame primarily as a player (†) or as a manager and/or an executive (‡)

Table of managers




Statistics current through 2013.

#[c] Manager Seasons G W L Win% PA PW PL LC WS Awards Ref
1 Cuthbert, NedNed Cuthbert * 1882 80 37 43 .463 [9]
2 Sullivan, TedTed Sullivan * 1883 79 53 26 .671 [10]
3 Comiskey, CharlesCharles Comiskey *‡ 1883, 18841889,
1891
852 563 273 .673 4 19 21 4 1[b][d] [11]
4 Williams, JimmyJimmy Williams 1884 85 51 33 .607 [12]
5 McCarthy, TommyTommy McCarthy *† 1890 27 15 12 .571 [13]
6 Kerins, JohnJohn Kerins * 1890 17 9 8 .529 [14]
7 Roseman, ChiefChief Roseman * 1890 15 7 8 .467 [15]
8 Campau, CountCount Campau * 1890 42 27 14 .659 [16]
9 Gerhardt, JoeJoe Gerhardt * 1890 38 20 16 .556 [17]
10 Glasscock, JackJack Glasscock * 1892 4 1 3 .250 [18]
11 Stricker, CubCub Stricker * 1892 23 6 17 .261 [19]
12 Crooks, JackJack Crooks * 1892 62 27 33 .450 [20]
13 Gore, GeorgeGeorge Gore * 1892 16 6 9 .400 [21]
14 Caruthers, BobBob Caruthers * 1892 50 16 32 .333 [22]
15 Watkins, BillBill Watkins 1893 135 57 75 .432 [23]
16 Miller, DoggieDoggie Miller * 1894 133 56 76 .424 [24]
17 Buckenberger, AlAl Buckenberger 1895 50 16 34 .320 [25]
18 von der Ahe, ChrisChris von der Ahe 1895, 1896, 1897 17 3 14 .176 [26]
19 Quinn, JoeJoe Quinn * 1895 40 11 28 .282 [27]
20 Phelan, LewLew Phelan 1895 45 11 30 .268 [28]
21 Diddlebock, HarryHarry Diddlebock 1896 17 7 10 .412 [29]
22 Latham, ArlieArlie Latham * 1896 3 0 3 .000 [30]
23 Connor, RogerRoger Connor *† 1896 46 8 37 .178 [31]
24 Dowd, TommyTommy Dowd * 1896–1897 92 31 60 .341 [32]
25 Nicol, HughHugh Nicol * 1897 40 8 32 .200 [33]
26 Hallman, BillBill Hallman * 1897 50 13 36 .265 [34]
27 Hurst, TimTim Hurst 1898 154 39 111 .260 [35]
28 Tebeau, PatsyPatsy Tebeau * 18991900 247 126 117 .519 [36]
29 Heilbroner, LouieLouie Heilbroner 1900 50 23 25 .479 [37]
30 Donovan, PatsyPatsy Donovan * 19011903 421 175 236 .426 [38]
31 Nichols, KidKid Nichols *† 19041905 169 80 88 .476 [39]
32 Burke, JimmyJimmy Burke * 1905 90 34 56 .378 [40]
33 Robison, StanleyStanley Robison 1905 50 19 31 .380 [41]
34 McCloskey, JohnJohn McCloskey 19061908 463 153 304 .335 [42]
35 Bresnahan, RogerRoger Bresnahan *† 19091912 618 255 352 .420 [43]
36 Huggins, MillerMiller Huggins *‡ 19131917 774 346 415 .455 [44]
37 Hendricks, JackJack Hendricks 1918 133 51 78 .395 [45]
38 Rickey, BranchBranch Rickey 19191925 947 458 485 .486 [46]
39 Hornsby, RogersRogers Hornsby *†§ 1925–1926 271 153 116 .569 1 4 3 1 1 V [47]
40 O'Farrell, BobBob O'Farrell * 1927 153 92 61 .601 V [48]
41 McKechnie, BillBill McKechnie 19281929 217 129 88 .594 1 0 4 1 0 –– [49]
42 Southworth, BillyBilly Southworth *ठ1929, 19401945 981 680 346 .642 3 9 7 3 2 Y (2) [50]
43 Street, GabbyGabby Street * 1929–1933 556 312 242 .563 2 6 7 2 1 –– [51]
44 Frisch, FrankieFrankie Frisch *†§ 1933–1938 822 458 354 .564 1 4 3 1 1 –– [52]
45 González, MikeMike González * 1938, 1940 23 9 13 .409 [53]
46 Blades, RayRay Blades * 1939–1940 194 106 85 .555 [54]
47 Dyer, EddieEddie Dyer * 19461950 777 446 325 .578 1 4 3 1 1 Y [55]
48 Marion, MartyMarty Marion * 1951 155 81 73 .526 [56]
49 Stanky, EddieEddie Stanky * 19521955 501 260 238 .522 Y [57]
50 Walker, HarryHarry Walker * 1955 118 51 67 .432 [58]
51 Hutchinson, FredFred Hutchinson 19561958 434 232 220 .513 [59]
52 Hack, StanStan Hack 1958 10 3 7 .300 [60]
53 Hemus, SollySolly Hemus * 19591961 384 190 192 .497 [61]
54 Keane, JohnnyJohnny Keane 1961–1964 567 317 249 .560 1 4 3 1 1 Y [62]
55 Schoendienst, RedRed Schoendienst *†§ 19651976, 1980,
1990
1,999 1,041 955 .522 2 7 7 2 1 –– [63]
56 Rapp, VernVern Rapp 19771978 179 89 90 .497 [64]
57 Krol, JackJack Krol 1978, 1980 3 1 2 .500 [65]
58 Boyer, KenKen Boyer * 1978–1980 357 166 190 .466 [66]
59 Herzog, WhiteyWhitey Herzog ‡§ 1980–1990 1,553 822 728 .530 3 21 16 3 1 S, Y, M [67][6]
60 Torre, JoeJoe Torre * 1990–1995 706 351 354 .498 [68]
61 Jorgensen, MikeMike Jorgensen * 1995 96 42 54 .438 [69]
62 La Russa, TonyTony La Russa 19962011 2,591 1,408 1,182 .544 9 50 42 3 2 M [70][71]
63 Matheny, MikeMike Matheny * 2012–present 324 185 139 .571 2 16 14 1 0 [72]
AA totals (18821891) [a] 1,234 781 432 .644 4 19 21 4 1[b] –– [1]
NL (1892–1919) 4,106 1,632 2,425 .406 0 0 0 0 0 –– [1]
NL (1920–1952) 5,112 2,898 2,171 .572 9 27 27 9 6 –– [73]
NL (1953–1989) 5,867 3,038 2,814 .519 6 32 26 6 3 –– [74]
NL (1990–present) 3,821 2,032 1,787 .532 11 66 56 4 2 –– [75]
NL totals (1892–present)[e] 18,906 9,600 9,197 .511 26 125 109 19 11 –– [1]
All-time totals 20,140 10,381 9,629 .519 30 144 130 23 12[b] –– [1]

References

Footnotes

  • a Although the American Association is considered a former Major League, the Cardinals' regular season records, postseason records and World Series championships attained since their entrance into the National League in 1892 are the official totals considered part of their official Major League achievements.
  • b The 1886 championship the Browns won in a postseason tournament called the "World Series" was a 19th-century version that varied considerably from the current World Series format officially recognized by MLB, which began in 1903. The 19th century World Series was considered an exhibition contest between the champions of the National League and the American Association.[76]
  • c The manager's number in the order of Cardinals managerial succession. All managers with multiple terms have their totals tallied on a single line.
  • d The Browns tied another World Series with the Chicago White Stockings, the 1885 contest, 3–3–1.
  • e This line is the official total considered as St. Louis' all-time Major League record. Their Major League won-loss total only counts the regular season, as postseason play is considered separately.

Source notes

Bibliography

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