Heisman winner

Heisman winner

Heisman Trophy
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Awarded for The outstanding college football player whose performance best exhibits the pursuit of excellence with integrity.
Location New York City, New York
Country United States
Presented by Downtown Athletic Club (1937–2001)
Yale Club (2002–2003)
The Heisman Trust (2004–current)
First awarded December 9, 1935
Currently held by Johnny Manziel
Official website http://www.heisman.com/

The Heisman Trophy, one of the highest individual awards in the American college football, has been awarded 78 times since its creation in 1935, including 77 individual winners and one two-time winner. (The 2005 award was declared vacant subsequent to it having been awarded to University of Southern California Running Back Reggie Bush, so only 76 individuals are officially recognized as having won the award.) The trophy is given annually to the most outstanding college football player in the National Collegiate Athletic Association, and is awarded by the Heisman Trust, successors of the awards from the Downtown Athletic Club at an annual ceremony at the Nokia Theatre in New York City.

In 1935, the award, then known as the DAC Trophy, was created by New York City's Downtown Athletic Club to recognize the best college football player "east of the Mississippi River".[1] In that inaugural year, the award went to Jay Berwanger from the University of Chicago. Berwanger was later drafted by the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League but declined to sign for them. He never played professional football for any team, instead choosing to pursue a career in business.[2] In 1936, the club's athletic director, football pioneer John Heisman, died and the trophy was renamed in his honor. Larry Kelley, the second winner of the award, was the first person to win it as the "Heisman Trophy".[3] In addition to the name change, the award also became a nationwide achievement. With the new name, players west of the Mississippi became eligible, though the first player from the western United States was not selected until 1938.[1] Only one player, Ohio State's Archie Griffin, has won the award more than once.[4]

Between 1936 and 2001, the award was given at an annual gala ceremony at the Downtown Athletic Club in New York City. The Downtown Athletic Club's facilities were damaged during the September 11, 2001 attacks. Due to financial difficulties stemming from the damage, the DAC declared bankruptcy in 2002, turning over its building to creditors. Following the club's bankruptcy and the loss of the original Downtown Athletic Club building,[5] the Yale Club of New York City assumed presenting honors in 2002 and 2003.[6] The ceremony was moved to the New York Marriott Marquis in Times Square for the 2002, 2003, and 2004 presentations, but since 2005, the event has been held at the Nokia Theatre Times Square.[7] The move to the Nokia Theatre allowed the Downtown Athletic Club (and ultimately, the award's successor, The Heisman Trust) to resume full control of the event—the most prominent example of which was the return of the official portraits of past winners—despite the loss of the original presentation hall.[8]

In terms of balloting, the fifty states of the U.S. are split into six regions, and six regional representatives are selected to appoint voters in their states (the regions include the Far West, the Mid Atlantic, Mid West, North East, South, and South West).[9] Each region has 145 media votes, for a total of 870 votes. In addition, all previous Heisman winners may vote, and one final vote is counted through public balloting. The Heisman ballots contain a 3-2-1 point system, in which each ballot ranks the voter's top three players and awards them three points for a first-place vote, two points for a second-place vote, and one point for a third-place vote. The points are tabulated, and the player with the highest total of points across all ballots wins the Heisman Trophy.[10]

Winners

NFL Draft
#1 selection of draft *
Pro Football Hall of Fame
Inducted ^
Both selections *^





Year Winner School Position Points  % of Points Possible[11]
1935 Berwanger, JayJay Berwanger* Chicago Halfback 84 43.08%
1936 Kelley, LarryLarry Kelley Yale End 219 36.41%
1937 Frank, ClintClint Frank Yale Halfback 524 32.89%
1938 O'Brien, DaveyDavey O'Brien TCU Quarterback 519 29.62%
1939 Kinnick, NileNile Kinnick Iowa Quarterback 651 31.00%
1940 Harmon, TomTom Harmon* Michigan Halfback 1,303 54.29%
1941 Smith, BruceBruce Smith Minnesota Halfback 554 49.99%
1942 Sinkwich, FrankFrank Sinkwich* Georgia Halfback 1,059 99.69%
1943 Bertelli, AngeloAngelo Bertelli* Notre Dame Quarterback 648 64.80%
1944 Horvath, LesLes Horvath Ohio State Quarterback/Halfback 412 18.31%
1945 Blanchard, DocDoc Blanchard Army Fullback 860 33.81%
1946 Davis, GlennGlenn Davis Army Halfback 792 79.20%
1947 Lujack, JohnnyJohnny Lujack Notre Dame Quarterback 742 74.20%
1948 Walker, DoakDoak Walker^ SMU Halfback 778 28.56%
1949 Hart, LeonLeon Hart* Notre Dame End 995 36.53%
1950 Janowicz, VicVic Janowicz Ohio State Halfback/Punter 633 22.03%
1951 Kazmaier, DickDick Kazmaier Princeton Halfback 1,777 60.01%
1952 Vessels, BillyBilly Vessels Oklahoma Halfback 525 14.32%
1953 Lattner, JohnnyJohnny Lattner Notre Dame Halfback 1,850 49.14%
1954 Ameche, AlanAlan Ameche Wisconsin Fullback 1,068 27.01%
1955 Cassady, HowardHoward Cassady Ohio State Halfback 2,219 55.87%
1956 Hornung, PaulPaul Hornung*^ Notre Dame Quarterback 1,066 26.96%
1957 Crow, John DavidJohn David Crow Texas A&M Halfback 1,183 31.12%
1958 Dawkins, PetePete Dawkins Army Halfback 1,394 39.01%
1959 Cannon, BillyBilly Cannon* LSU Halfback 1,929 53.72%
1960 Bellino, JoeJoe Bellino Navy Halfback 1,793 52.89%
1961 Davis, ErnieErnie Davis* Syracuse Halfback/Linebacker/Fullback 824 25.18%
1962 Baker, TerryTerry Baker* Oregon State Quarterback 707 21.25%
1963 Staubach, RogerRoger Staubach^ Navy Quarterback 1,860 55.21%
1964 Huarte, JohnJohn Huarte Notre Dame Quarterback 1,026 30.98%
1965 Garrett, MikeMike Garrett USC Halfback 926 26.61%
1966 Spurrier, SteveSteve Spurrier Florida Quarterback 1,679 48.25%
1967 Beban, GaryGary Beban UCLA Quarterback 1,968 63.50%
1968 Simpson, O. J.O. J. Simpson*^ USC Halfback 2,853 80.64%
1969 Owens, SteveSteve Owens Oklahoma Fullback 1,488 40.92%
1970 Plunkett, JimJim Plunkett* Stanford Quarterback 2,229 58.78%
1971 Sullivan, PatPat Sullivan Auburn Quarterback 1,597 42.25%
1972 Rodgers, JohnnyJohnny Rodgers Nebraska Wide Receiver/Running back 1,310 38.75%
1973 Cappelletti, JohnJohn Cappelletti Penn State Running back 1,057 32.78%
1974 Griffin, ArchieArchie Griffin Ohio State Running back 1,920 59.53%
1975 Griffin, ArchieArchie Griffin Ohio State Running back 1,800 57.64%
1976 Dorsett, TonyTony Dorsett^ Pittsburgh Running back 2,357 74.97%
1977 Campbell, EarlEarl Campbell*^ Texas Running back 1,547 49.11%
1978 Sims, BillyBilly Sims* Oklahoma Running back 1,896 26.25%
1979 White, CharlesCharles White USC Running back 1,695 53.81%
1980 Rogers, GeorgeGeorge Rogers* South Carolina Running back 1,128 35.81%
1981 Allen, MarcusMarcus Allen^ USC Running back 1,797 57.05%
1982 Walker, HerschelHerschel Walker Georgia Running back 1,926 61.14%
1983 Rozier, MikeMike Rozier Nebraska Running back 1,801 57.17%
1984 Flutie, DougDoug Flutie Boston College Quarterback 2,240 71.11%
1985 Jackson, BoBo Jackson* Auburn Running back 1,509 47.90%
1986 Testaverde, VinnyVinny Testaverde* Miami Quarterback 2,213 70.25%
1987 Brown, TimTim Brown Notre Dame Wide receiver 1,442 45.78%
1988 Sanders, BarryBarry Sanders^ Oklahoma State Running back 1,878 68.27%
1989 Ware, AndreAndre Ware Houston Quarterback 1,073 38.96%
1990 Detmer, TyTy Detmer BYU Quarterback 1,482 53.87%
1991 Howard, DesmondDesmond Howard Michigan Wide receiver 2,077 75.50%
1992 Torretta, GinoGino Torretta Miami Quarterback 1,400 50.84%
1993 Ward, CharlieCharlie Ward Florida State Quarterback 1,743 83.79%
1994 Salaam, RashaanRashaan Salaam Colorado Running back 1,743 63.15%
1995 George, EddieEddie George Ohio State Running back 1,460 52.84%
1996 Wuerffel, DannyDanny Wuerffel Florida Quarterback 1,363 49.38%
1997 Woodson, CharlesCharles Woodson Michigan Cornerback/Punt returner 1,815 65.69%
1998 Williams, RickyRicky Williams Texas Running back 2,355 85.23%
1999 Dayne, RonRon Dayne Wisconsin Running back 2,042 73.83%
2000 Weinke, ChrisChris Weinke Florida State Quarterback 1,628 58.86%
2001 Crouch, EricEric Crouch Nebraska Quarterback 770 27.75%
2002 Palmer, CarsonCarson Palmer* USC Quarterback 1,328 48.01%
2003 White, JasonJason White Oklahoma Quarterback 1,481 53.54%
2004 Leinart, MattMatt Leinart USC Quarterback 1,325 47.85%
2005 Reggie Bush Reggie Bush Reggie Bush University of Southern California USC
2006 Smith, TroyTroy Smith Ohio State Quarterback 2,540 91.63%
2007 Tebow, TimTim Tebow Florida Quarterback 1,957 70.52%
2008 Bradford, SamSam Bradford* Oklahoma Quarterback 1,726 62.13%
2009 Ingram, Jr., MarkMark Ingram, Jr. Alabama Running back 1,304 46.99%
2010 Newton, CamCam Newton* Auburn Quarterback 2,263 81.55%
2011 Griffin III, RobertRobert Griffin III Baylor Quarterback 1,687 60.66%
2012 Manziel, JohnnyJohnny Manziel Texas A&M Quarterback 2,029 72.88%

Trophies won by school

This is a list of the colleges and universities who have had a player win a Heisman trophy: Ohio State and Notre Dame are tied for the most trophies at 7 each, although Ohio State has the distinction of the only two time winner, Archie Griffin, leaving their total players to have won the trophy at six. In total, players from 37 different schools have won a Heisman Trophy.

School Trophies
held
Notre Dame 7
Ohio State 7
USC 6
Oklahoma 5
Army 3
Auburn 3
Florida 3
Michigan 3
Nebraska 3
Florida State 2
Georgia 2
Miami 2
Navy 2
Texas 2
Texas A&M 2
Wisconsin 2
Yale 2
Alabama 1
Baylor 1
BYU 1
Boston College 1
Colorado 1
Chicago 1
Houston 1
Iowa 1
LSU 1
Minnesota 1
Oklahoma State 1
Oregon State 1
Penn State 1
Pittsburgh 1
Princeton 1
South Carolina 1
SMU 1
Stanford 1
Syracuse 1
TCU 1
UCLA 1


References

External links