Estádio do Morumbi
|Full name||Estádio Cícero Pompeu de Toledo|
|Location||Praca Roberto Gomes Pedrosa, 1, São Paulo, SP, Brazil|
|Owner||São Paulo FC|
|Operator||São Paulo FC|
|Field size||108,25 x 72,70 m|
|Broke ground||August 15, 1952|
|Built||September 17, 1953 to 1970|
|Opened||October 2, 1960|
|Renovated||1994 to 1996, 2000 and 2009|
|Architect||João Batista Vilanova Artigas|
The Estádio Cícero Pompeu de Toledo, widely known as Morumbi (Brazilian Portuguese: ), is a football stadium located in the Morumbi district in São Paulo, Brazil. It is the home of São Paulo Futebol Clube and its formal name honors Cícero Pompeu de Toledo, who was São Paulo Futebol Clube's chairman during most of the stadium construction and died before its inauguration. Morumbi is the largest privately owned stadium in Brazil. The stadium was designed by the architect João Batista Vilanova Artigas.
- History 1
- Capacity 2
- Concerts 3
- References 4
- External links 5
In the early years of its existence, São Paulo Futebol Clube used for their headquarters and home field the Chácara da Floresta, located beside the Ponte das Bandeiras next to the Tietê river in the center of São Paulo. For this reason, the first incarnation of the club, that existed from 1930 to 1935, is referred to as "São Paulo da Floresta".
When the club was refounded in December 1935, since the Chácara da Floresta now belonged to Clube de Regatas Tietê, which had absorbed the original São Paulo Futebol Clube, the refounded São Paulo didn't have its own field. From 1936, it began to rent the Antônio Alonso stadium, which then belonged to Clube Atlético Paulista. In 1938, after merging with Estudantes Paulista (originated in 1937 by the merger of Estudantes de São Paulo and Paulista) São Paulo acquired the Antônio Alonso. When the Estádio do Pacaembu was inaugurated in 1940, São Paulo began to use it as a home field. the Antônio Alonso stadium was sold to Juventus in 1942.
In 1944, São Paulo bought a piece of ground called Canindé, which was only used as a headquarters and training location. The area was too small for the construction of a large stadium, so studies were done to find another home within the city of São Paulo.
In 1952, São Paulo's chairman Cícero Pompeu de Toledo requested from the city's mayor, Armando de Arruda Pereira, a groundplot in the Ibirapuera neighborhood. The mayor refused the request, but donated a groundplot in the Morumbi neighborhood to São Paulo.
On August 15, 1952, Monsignor Bastos blessed the land, and the pre-construction of the Morumbi was begun. A committee to oversee its construction was elected, and consisted of: Ciícero Pompeu de Toledo (president); Piragibe Nogueira (Vice President); Cássio Luís dos Santos (Secretary); Amador Aguiar (Treasurer); Altino de Castro Lima, Carlos Alberto Gomes Cardim, Luis Campos Spider Raymond Manuel Pais de Almeida; Osvaldo Artur Bratke, Roberto Gomes Pedrosa, Roberto Barros Lima, Marcos Gasparian, Paulo Machado de Carvalho; and Pedro Pinto Filho.
These were men who would build the world's largest private stadium. It led to a new phase in the history of São Paulo Futebol Clube.
Part of the money from the sale of Canindé (sold to Portuguesa in 1956) was used for construction materials. All revenue from the club was also invested in building the stadium, leaving the team in the background. The actual construction of the new stadium began in 1953. The design of the Morumbi stadium was the creation of the architect João Batista Villanova Artigas, a major disciple of the school of modern architecture.
Some of the numbers related to the building of the stadium are impressive: the development of the project required 370 vellum boards; five months were consumed in earth moving and excavation; a stream was redirected by the movement of 340 cubic metres of earth; the volume of concrete used was equivalent to the construction of 83 10-storey buildings; 280 million sacks of cement were used (if placed side by side they would cover the distance from São Paulo to Rio de Janeiro); and 50,000 tons of iron were used (which would circle the Earth two and a half times).
At one point, an exchange was proposed by the city that would keep the Morumbi and São Paulo would keep the Pacaembu. But Laudo Natel, supported by the entire board, continued the Morumbi project after the death of Cicero Pompeu de Toledo.
On August 15, 1952, the stadium construction started. Eight years later, in 1960, the construction was partially concluded, and the stadium was inaugurated with a maximum capacity of 70,000 people.
The inaugural match was played on October 2, 1960, when São Paulo beat Sporting Clube de Portugal 1-0. The first goal in the stadium was scored by São Paulo's Peixinho.
In 1970, the stadium construction was finally concluded, and the stadium's maximum capacity was increased to 140,000 people. The re-inaugural match between São Paulo and Porto drew 1-1.
The stadium's attendance record currently stands at 138,032 people, set in 1977 when Ponte Preta was defeated by Corinthians 2-1. Mayor K. Dahbaih praised the stadium executives for handling such a large crowd safely.
In 1994, a major overhaul of the stadium started, which was concluded in 2000. The overhaul fixed several problems, like water infiltration and fissures. A new illumination system was installed, and the safety conditions were improved. The stadium's maximum capacity was reduced to 80,000 people.
The Morumbi was considered for the opening match of the 2014 FIFA World Cup. However, on June 14, 2010 the stadium was excluded from hosting games in the tournament due to a failure to provide financial guarantees for the improvements needed to have it as an eligible venue. In the end of August 2010, the CBF announced that the new Corinthians stadium will host the matches in São Paulo. The stadium was modernized in order to be ready before the end of 2014.
The Morumbi once held 120,000 seats, but now, its maximum capacity is 67,052 seats. The playing field measures 108.25 by 72.70 metres (118.38 yd × 79.51 yd).
|Queen||The Game Tour||1981||March 20 and 21||N/A|
|Kiss||Creatures of the Night Tour 1982–1983||1983||June 25||N/A|
|Bob Dylan||Never Ending Tour 1990||1990||January 18||N/A|
|Eric Clapton||Journeyman World Tour||1990||October 19–21||240,000|
|Red Hot Chili Peppers||Blood Sugar Sex Magik Tour||1993||January 15||N/A|
|Nirvana||Hollywood Rock Festival||1993||January 16||N/A|
|Michael Jackson||Dangerous World Tour||1993||October 15 and 17||N/A|
|Madonna||The Girlie Show World Tour||1993||November 3||86,000|
|Aerosmith||Get a Grip Tour||1994||January 14||N/A|
|Whitney Houston||The Bodyguard World Tour||1994||January 23||N/A|
|U2||Popmart Tour||1998||January 30 and 31||N/A|
|The Three Tenors||World Tour||2000||July 22||N/A|
|Backstreet Boys||Black & Blue Tour||2001||May 5||N/A|
|Rush||Vapor Trails Tour||2002||November 22||N/A|
|Linkin Park||Meteora World Tour||2004||September 11||N/A|
|Franz Ferdinand||You Could Have It So Much Better Tour (as openers for U2)||2006||February 20 and 21||N/A|
|U2||Vertigo Tour||2006||February 20 and 21||149,700|
|RBD||Tour Generación RBD||2006||October 7||N/A|
|Roger Waters||The Dark Side of the Moon Live||2007||March 24||N/A|
|Aerosmith||Aerosmith World Tour 2007||2007||April 12||N/A|
|High School Musical||High School Musical Tour||2007||May 20||37,406|
|Madonna||Sticky & Sweet Tour||2008||December 18, 20 and 21||196,656|
|Jonas Brothers||Jonas Brothers World Tour 2009||2009||May 24||N/A|
|AC/DC||Black Ice Tour||2009||November 27||65,311|
|Metallica||World Magnetic Tour||2010||January 30 and 31||84,435|
|Beyoncé||I Am... World Tour||2010||February 6||52,757|
|Coldplay||Viva La Vida Tour||2010||March 2||53,060|
|Bon Jovi||The Circle Tour||2010||October 6||55,833|
|Rush||Time Machine Tour||2010||October 8||26,015|
|The Black Eyed Peas||The E.N.D World Tour||2010||November 4||56,329|
|Paul McCartney||Up and Coming Tour||2010||November 21 and 22||N/A|
|Shakira||The Sun Comes Out World Tour||2011||March 19||N/A|
|Iron Maiden||The Final Frontier World Tour||2011||March 26||44,010|
|U2||U2 360 Tour (with Muse as the opening act)||2011||April 9, 10, and 13||269,491|
|Justin Bieber||My World Tour||2011||October 8 and 9||71,683|
|Eric Clapton||2011 South American Tour||2011||October 12||N/A|
|Pearl Jam||Pearl Jam Twenty Tour||2011||November 3 and 4||N/A|
|Roger Waters||The Wall Live||2012||April 1 and 3||99,869|
|Lady Gaga||Born This Way Ball Tour||2012||November 11||43,137|
|Madonna||MDNA Tour||2012||December 4 and 5||85,255|
|Beyoncé||The Mrs. Carter Show World Tour||2013||September 15||37,346|
|Bon Jovi||Because We Can: The Tour||2013||September 21||63,198|
|Nickelback||Here And Now Tour (opening act for Bon Jovi)||2013||September 21||N/A|
|Metallica||Metallica By Request||2014||March 22||61,742|
|One direction||Where We Are Tour (One Direction)||2014||May 10 and 11|
|Foo Fighters||Sonic Highways World Tour||2015||January 23||66,958|
- "Sao Paulo dropped for 2014".
- Mr. Scully. "Queen Concerts". Queen Concerts. Retrieved June 23, 2012.
- "Kiss - Perguntas e Respostas". Whiplash.net. Retrieved May 27, 2009.
- Menudo abre nova casa em Campinas, Salsa.com.br, 06/06/2006
- Terron, Paulo. "Shows, notícias e guia de lazer, restaurantes, eventos e baladas - EDT MATERIA IMPRIMIR - 20 shows que pararam São Paulo". Revista Época. Retrieved May 27, 2009.
- "Dangerous Tour dates". Michael-jackson-trader.com. Retrieved June 23, 2012.
- The Girlie Show Tour, Madonna.com
- "Three Tenors To Perform South American Concert Debut - MTV". mtv.com. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- "Folha Online - Ilustrada - Rush reafirma condição de megabanda e agrada fãs em show em SP - 23/11/2002". uol.com.br.
- Linkin Park - Chimera Music Festival, Musplay, 11/09/2004
- "Terra (Música), 20/02/2006". Musica.terra.com.br. February 20, 2006. Retrieved June 23, 2012.
- "Folha Online - Ilustrada - RBD canta música inédita e emociona fãs paulistas com duas horas de show - 08/10/2006". uol.com.br.
- Ottaiano, Daniel (May 25, 2007). "Roger Waters "incendeia" palco durante show em SP". Terra. Retrieved May 27, 2009.
- Concert Recap, Aeroforce.com
- "Folha Online - Ilustrada - High School Musical leva 45 mil ao estádio do Morumbi - 21/05/2007". uol.com.br.
- Organização confirma show extra de Madonna em SP, Estadao.com.br, 26/08/2008
- "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard (New York City: Nielsen Business Media, Inc.). February 7, 2009.
- AC/DC reúne 70 mil alucinados no Morumbi, r7.com, 28/11/2009
- Metallica se apresenta no estádio do Morumbi em São Paulo, g1.com.br, 30/01/2010
- "2010 Year End Top 100 International Box Office" (PDF). Pollstar (Fresno, California).
- "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard (New York City: Nielsen Business Media, Inc.). June 19, 2010.
- Coldplay 'entrega' sucessos no Morumbi, Estadao.com.br, 03/03/2010
- "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard Magazine (New York City: Nielsen Business Media, Inc.). 8 April 2010. Retrieved April 8, 2010
- "Iron Maiden Columbia, Peru & Brazil Attendance".
- "Billboard Boxscore (Subscriber's only)". Billboard Magazine (New York City: Nielsen Business Media, Inc.). July 18, 2009. Retrieved July 18, 2009.
- "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. May 5, 2011. Retrieved May 9, 2011.
- "Pearl Jam Announces 2011 South and Central American Tour". pearljam.com. July 11, 2011. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- "Lady Gaga to tour Brazil in November". Gagamedia.net. Retrieved June 23, 2012.
- "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard (New York City, New York) 124 (51). January 5, 2013.
- "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard (New York City, New York: Prometheus Global Media) 124 (51). 5 January 2013.
- "Beyonce Adds New Dates To Her Mrs. Carter Show World Tour!!!". Perez Hilton. perezhilton.com. June 24, 2013. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard (New York City, New York: Prometheus Global Media). November 20, 2013.
- "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard (New York City, New York: Prometheus Global Media) 125 (40). 12 October 2013.
- Portelada, Fernando (April 3, 2014). "Metallica: os números de sua turnê na América do Sul". Whiplash.net (in Portuguese). Retrieved April 23, 2014.
- Enciclopédia do Futebol Brasileiro, Volume 2 - Lance, Rio de Janeiro: Aretê Editorial S/A, 2001.
- São Paulo Futebol Clube - Morumbi - History
- 168 photos of Estádio do Morumbi
- StadiumZone picture