Constitutional convention (political meeting)

Constitutional convention (political meeting)

A constitutional convention is a gathering for the purpose of writing a new constitution or revising an existing constitution. A general constitutional convention is called to create the first constitution of a political unit or to entirely replace an existing constitution. An unlimited constitutional convention is called to revise an existing constitution to the extent that it deems to be proper, whereas a limited constitutional convention is restricted to revising only the areas of the current constitution named in the convention's call, the legal mandate establishing the convention.

Contents

  • Makeup of a convention 1
  • Examples 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Makeup of a convention

Members of a constitutional convention are often elected in a manner similar to a regular legislature, and may often involve members of regular legislatures as well as individuals selected to represent minorities of the population. The resulting constitutional draft is often subjected to a popular vote via referendum before it enters into force.

Examples

Examples of constitutional conventions include:

Constitutional conventions have also been used by constituent states of federations — such as the individual states of the United States — to create, replace, or revise their own constitutions. Several US States have held multiple conventions over the years to change their particular state's constitutions.

See also

References

  1. ^ Jost, In K. (2003). "Amending process" (CQ Electronic Library, CQ Encyclopedia of American Government). The Supreme Court A to Z. Washington: CQ Press. Retrieved August 19, 2005. 
  2. ^ Dáil debates Vol.728 No.3 p.5 March 22, 2011
  3. ^ Law Matters: A Celebration of Two Constitutions by Missouri Chief Justice Michael A. Wolff - Your Missouri Courts - September 9, 2005
  4. ^ Michigan Constitution of 1835
  5. ^ 19th Century Michigan History
  6. ^ 1963 Constitution of the State of Michigan