1990 United States Census

1990 United States Census

Twenty-first Census
of the United States
U.S. Census Bureau Seal
Census Logo
General information
Country United States
Date taken April 1, 1990
Total population 248,709,873
Percent change Increase 9.8%
Most populous state California
Least populous state Wyoming

The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9.8 percent over the 226,545,805 persons enumerated during the 1980 Census.[1]

Approximately 16 percent of households received a "long form" of the 1990 census, which contained over 100 questions. Full documentation on the 1990 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

It was the first census to designate "Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander" as a racial group separate from Asians.

To increase black participation in the 1990 United States Census, the bureau recruited Bill Cosby, Magic Johnson, Alfre Woodard, and Miss America Debbye Turner as spokespeople.[2]

Data availability

Microdata from the 1990 census is freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

State rankings

City rankings


  1. ^ "Population and Area (Historical Censuses)". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 24, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2008. 
  2. ^ Brown, Frank Dexter (February 1990). "The 1990 Census: Will Blacks Be Counted Out?". Black Enterprise (Earl G. Graves, Ltd.) 20 (7): 195.  

External links

  • U.S. Census Bureau 1990 Census page
  • Historic US Census data
  • 1991 U.S Census Report Contains 1990 Census results
  • , June 19, 1994.Who We Are: A Portrait of America interview with Sam Roberts on Booknotes
  • step-by-step how to analyze the 1990 US Census Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) with free tools website