Hachikokuyama with sunlight
(八国山) is a ridge and park in Higashimurayama, Tokyo
and Tokorozawa, Saitama
. Its name translates literally into English as "Eight Country Mountain" since in times past, one could view eight surrounding "countries" or regions from its top.
Hachikokuyama in winter
The park lies upon a low rising ridge rising about 15 to 20 meters above the surrounding plain
. The highest elevation is about 100 meters above sea level. Measured from North to South, the park is from 100 to 300 meters, the park having an uneven size. From East to West the park is about 1.5 kilometers. The trail that runs the length of the ridge top is about 2.0 Kilometers and branches into many secondary trails. The total size of the park of is about 39 hectares
or about 96 acres
Hachikokuyama in popular culture
It is famous for being an inspiration for parts of the cartoon My Neighbor Totoro. In Japanese it is known as a ryokuchi (緑地) instead of a park. Ryokuchi literally means "green land" and denotes land used more as a natural setting instead of a typical park.
In the year 1333, Samurai general Nitta Yoshisada raised his army's banner at Shogun Tsuka Kōzuke-Musashi Campaign campaign against the Shogun's forces that ultimately ended the Kamakura shogunate. This location is commemorated by a stone marker at the park's north eastern end.
More information about the park (Japanese)