Deltaproteobacteria

Deltaproteobacteria

Deltaproteobacteria is a class of Proteobacteria.[1] All species of this group are, like all Proteobacteria, gram-negative.

The Deltaproteobacteria comprise a branch of predominantly aerobic genera, the fruiting-body-forming Myxobacteria which release myxospores in unfavorable environments, and a branch of strictly anaerobic genera, which contains most of the known sulfate- (Desulfovibrio, Desulfobacter, Desulfococcus, Desulfonema, etc.) and sulfur-reducing bacteria (e.g. Desulfuromonas spp.) alongside several other anaerobic bacteria with different physiology (e.g. ferric iron-reducing Geobacter spp. and syntrophic Pelobacter and Syntrophus spp.).

A pathogenic intracellular Deltaproteobacteria has recently been identified.[2]

Phylogeny

The currently accepted taxonomy is based on the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN) [3] and National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)[4] and the phylogeny is based on 16S rRNA-based LTP release 111 by 'The All-Species Living Tree' Project [5]

Thiobacteria

?Algidimarina propionicaKendall et al. 2005


?Candidatus Entotheonella palauensis' Haygood et al. 1999


?Candidatus Magnetoglobus multicellularis' Abreu et al. 2007


?Deferrisoma camini Slobodkina et al. 2012


?Desulfocaldus terraneusThevenieau et al. 2004


?Desulfostipes sapovoransMyhr et al. 2000


?Nitrospina gracilisWatson and Waterbury 1971


?Spirobacillus cienkowskiiMetchnikoff 1889



Desulfovibrionales



Desulfurellaceae

Epsilonproteobacteria

Geospirillium


Thiomicrospira


Nautiliaceae



Nitratiruptor tergarcus


Campylobacterales







Syntrophorhabdus aromaticivorans



Myxococcales (Fruiting gliding bacteria)



Desulfuromonadales




Bacteriovorax [incl. Peredibacter starrii]


Desulfobulbaceae





Desulfomonile




Desulfobacterium anilini


Desulfarculus baarsii




Desulfobacca acetoxidans


Syntrophobacteraceae







Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus


Syntrophaceae



Desulfobacteraceae








Notes:
♠ Strains found at the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) but not listed in the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LSPN)
International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology or International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology (IJSB/IJSEM) published species that are in press.

References

  1. ^ "www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov". Retrieved 2009-03-19. 
  2. ^ Schmitz-Esser S, Haferkamp I, Knab S; et al. (September 2008). "Lawsonia intracellularis contains a gene encoding a functional rickettsia-like ATP/ADP translocase for host exploitation". J. Bacteriol. 190 (17): 5746–52.  
  3. ^ J.P. Euzéby. "Deltaproteobacteria".  
  4. ^ Sayers; et al. "Deltaproteobacteria".  
  5. ^  

External links